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Presented by- Naresh Dixit P S

USN-1RV13CSE07
Under the guidance of
Dr. M V Renuka Devi

Classification of structures (Flugge W)


What is a Shell?

Surface enclosed by two closely spaced curved lines (Wilhelm


Flugge).

Application of shells

Why HYPAR?
Straight line edges

Advantages of HYPAR

Appearance
Economy
Design simplicity
Construction ease
Promising future
Wide range of structural units

HYPAR roof in test floor civil engineering department


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Thermal comfort
Architectural aspects
Low cost masonry
Lean concrete for water proofing
Cost reduction

Lack of knowledge on behavior in bending.


No much research carried out for HYPAR
affordable roofs.
Wide range of application
Understand the behavior of layered shells.
Thermal comfort not taken into
consideration.
Applications in affordable roofing system.

To find the interfacial stresses


Load carrying capacity of layered HYPAR
Suitability as roofing system

Model study using Levy method


Validation using ANSYS
FEM model study
Levys Method and ANSYS 12 will be used
Model for known span
Analysis for loads under normal condition
All kinds of stresses are found out

Table of
deflections and
errors for 0.5 m
rise and 10cm
thick HYPAR

Parameter rise of shell, curvature parameter and Shell parameter

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HYPAR model and deflection contour from ANSYS

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Shear stress

X component
of Moment

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Layered shell and


Deflection contour

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Shear Stress

X component of moment

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Finding delaminating stresses


Necessity of shear connectors
To prove advantages of HYPAR over
conventional slabs.
Develop it as a affordable roofing system for
commercial buildings.

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ANSYS results have been validated


Tables for roots of levy method have been
found out which reduces time.
To solve the levy equations differential
quadrature method is best one.
Shell-181 element is best type of element to
analyze membrane and bending behavior of
shells.

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1. Ghosh, A., & Chakravorty, D. (2014). Prediction of Progressive Failure


Behaviour of Composite Skewed Hypar Shells Using Finite Element
Method.Journal of Structures, 2014.Banerjee, S.P. (1965), Numerical method of
analysis of doubly curve shell structures , the Indian concrete journal, January
1965. pp. 14-19.
2. Beles, A.A. and Soare, M. (1976), elliptic and hyperbolic paraboloid shells used
in constructions, S.P. Christie and partners, London.
3. Bandopadhyay J N (1998), Thin shell structures, New age international
publlishers, pp 244-258.
4. Billington, D. P., & Moreyra Garlock, M. E. (2010). Structural Art and the
Example of Flix Candela. Journal of structural engineering, 136(4), 339-342.
5. Chetty, S. M. K., & Tottenham, H. (1964). An investigation into the bending
analysis of hyperbolic paraboloid shells. Indian Concrete Journal, 38(7), 248258.
6. Clough, R. W., & Johnson, C. P. (1968). A finite element approximation for the
analysis of thin shells. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 4(1), 4360.
7. Flgge, W. (1960). Stresses in shells. 1973.
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7.

Shaaban, A., & Ketchum, M. S. (1976). Design of hipped hypar


shells. Journal of the Structural Division, 102(11), 2151-2161.
8. Simmonds, S. H. (1989). Effect of support movement on hyperbolic
paraboloid shells. Journal of Structural Engineering, 115(1), 19-31.
9. Timoshenko, S., & Woinowsky-Krieger, S. (1959). Theory of plates
and shells(Vol. 2, p. 120). New York: McGraw-hill.
10. Ventsel, E., & Krauthammer, T. (2001). Thin plates and shells:
theory: analysis, and applications. CRC press.

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