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Presented by- Naresh Dixit P S

Under the guidance of
Dr. M V Renuka Devi

Classification of structures (Flugge W)

What is a Shell?

Surface enclosed by two closely spaced curved lines (Wilhelm


Application of shells

Straight line edges

Advantages of HYPAR

Design simplicity
Construction ease
Promising future
Wide range of structural units

HYPAR roof in test floor civil engineering department


Thermal comfort
Architectural aspects
Low cost masonry
Lean concrete for water proofing
Cost reduction

Lack of knowledge on behavior in bending.

No much research carried out for HYPAR
affordable roofs.
Wide range of application
Understand the behavior of layered shells.
Thermal comfort not taken into
Applications in affordable roofing system.

To find the interfacial stresses

Load carrying capacity of layered HYPAR
Suitability as roofing system

Model study using Levy method

Validation using ANSYS
FEM model study
Levys Method and ANSYS 12 will be used
Model for known span
Analysis for loads under normal condition
All kinds of stresses are found out

Table of
deflections and
errors for 0.5 m
rise and 10cm
thick HYPAR

Parameter rise of shell, curvature parameter and Shell parameter



HYPAR model and deflection contour from ANSYS


Shear stress

X component
of Moment


Layered shell and

Deflection contour


Shear Stress

X component of moment


Finding delaminating stresses

Necessity of shear connectors
To prove advantages of HYPAR over
conventional slabs.
Develop it as a affordable roofing system for
commercial buildings.


ANSYS results have been validated

Tables for roots of levy method have been
found out which reduces time.
To solve the levy equations differential
quadrature method is best one.
Shell-181 element is best type of element to
analyze membrane and bending behavior of


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