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TESTAT PROFESIONAL LA LIMBA ENGLEZ

PROFESOR
COORDONATOR:
DIANA VLSCEANU

ELEV:
SRDARU ALECSANDRU
IONU
ANUL 2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ARGUMENT;
CHAPTER 1: ABOUT THE SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE;
CHAPTER 2: HISTORY;
CHAPTER 3: SIS BUILDINGS;
CHAPTER 4: GLOBAL SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE,INC.;
CHAPTER 5: WHAT ITS LIKE WORKING AS A SECRET
INTELLIGENT AGENT?;
CHAPTER 6: THE CHIEF;
CHAPTER 7: PREVIOUS CHIEFS;
CHAPTER 8: COLLABORATION WITH GCHQ AND MI5;
CHAPTER 9: FAQs;
CONCLUSION;
BIBLIOGRAPHY.

The Secret
Intelligence Service,
Security Service and
Government
Communications
Headquarters are
delighted to
announce that his

I choose to write about Secret


Intelligence Service, because
everything we know about them
and any other similar agencies is
enveloped in mister. Im a
person who likes to make
connections to reach certain
conclusion, different from the
others. So, this less that we
know about Secret Service
intrigue me and make me
curious.

The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) was established in


1909 as the Foreign Section of the Secret
Service Bureau. The Foreign Section's responsibility for
overseas intelligence collection has been retained ever
since by
SIS under a variety ofnames and acronyms. This
responsibility was placed on a statutory basis in the
Intelligence Service Act 1994.SIS contributes to the larger
inter-departmental national intelligence community, where
it works closely with the other two British
intelligence and security agencies, Government
Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and the Security
Service(MI5).
Statutory basis
Until 1994 SIS did not have a statutory basis and its
existence was not publicly confirmed before it was formally
avowed in 1992. The Service was put on a statutory basis
with the Intelligence Service Act(ISA) 1994.
The Intelligence Services Act was very important for SIS

HYSTORY
The Secret Intelligence Service
(SIS)history has attracted a great deal of
attention over the years.
Tudor beginnings
The history of British intelligence
organizations ,
engaged in foreign
intelligence collection and the interception
of mail and messages, goes back at least to
the second half of the 15th Century.
Thomas Cromwell ran secret agents in
Europe on behalf of Henry VIII. Sir Francis
Walsingham developed expertise in secret
interception, as well as maintaining a
network of fifty secret agents abroad while

The German threat


The Home Section was transformed into the
Security Service(MI5) and the Foreign Section
became the Secret Intelligence Service
(sometimes referred to as MI6).

The first Chief and World War


Mansfield Cumming RN laid the
foundations of the Service and
masterminded its contribution to the First
World War in which its networks operating
behind German lines
The rise of
SISCommunism
estimate German intentions and military
capabilities in the years leading up to the
outbreak of the Second World War in 1939

The Second World


War
Codenamed ULTRA intelligence, this crucial
information was distributed by SIS to
Allied commanders throughout the war.
The Cold War
During a succession of crises, SIS was able
to provide intelligence to the British
Government at these moments of great
international
The Moderntension.
SIS
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 SIS
developed its already emerging response to
the intelligence challenges which are now
so dominant: regional instability, terrorism,
the proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction and serous international crime.

THE MODERN SIS

TUDOR
BEGINNINGS

THE
GERMAN
THREAT
THE FIRST
CHIEF AND
WORLD WAR

THE RISE OF
COMMUNIS
M
THE
SECOND
WORDL WAR
THE COLD
WAR

SIS BUILINDS
Since 1995,SIS headquarters has been at
85Vauxhall Cross.
Previous headquarters have been Century
House, 100 Westminster Bridge Road,
Lambeth(196695); and 54, Broadway, off
Victoria Street, London(192466). (Although SIS
operated from Broadway, it was actually based
at St James's Street and also made considerable
use of the adjoiningSt. Ermins Hotel).The
building was designed by SirTerry Ferell and
built byJohn Laing. At the same time MI5 was
seeking alternative accommodation and colocation of the two services was studied

OTHER BUILDINGS

Hanslope
Pphysicalthe
outskirts of Milton
Keyneshousing the
Her Majestys
Government
Communications
Centre, which
supports the Foreign
& Commonwealth

Fort Monckton: a
formerNapoleonic
Warfort, rebuilt in the
1880s, is now the field
operations training center
for SIS.

GLOBAL SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE,INC.


When you think of working as a Secret
Intelligence field Agent/Operative, the Mission
Impossible and James Bond movies come to mind
and you may secretly dream about the action,
investigations, unraveling huge conspiracy plots,
but
is ittypes
reallyof
that
exciting?
These
jobs
include linguists who can
translate foreign languages, communication
officers, call centre assistants, technicians,
network specialists, computer technicians, security
officers, investigators, administrative personnel
jobs, propaganda officers, and personnel or
recruitment officers.

Types of Secret Intelligence Agents/Operatives


The double field agent/operative is
someone who acts as an undercover field
agent for one agency in another agency
The sleeper is a field agent who may be
inactive for a certain period and then called
to act on instructions.
Espionage is someone instructed to gather
information about another countrys
activities, their military operations or the
secret agents.

Purpose
Purpose of
of Secret
Secret Intelligence
Intelligence Services
Services
The
The Secret
Secret Intelligence
Intelligence Agencies
Agencies are
are needed
needed to
to protect
protect
the
the citizens
citizens against
against clandestine
clandestine and
and covert
covert operations
operations
from
from other
other countries
countries and
and internal
internal sources.
sources. They
They also
also act
act to
to
secure
secure a
a countrys
countrys valuable
valuable information
information and
and prevent
prevent
coups
coups and
and the
the creation
creation of
of instability
instability within
within a
a country.
country.

THE
THE
SLEEPE
SLEEPE
R
R
ESPIONAGE
ESPIONAGE

What is like working as a Secret Intelligence Agent?

The role of a Secret Intelligence Operative is truly


unique. It offers highly talented people the opportunity to
help protect and promote national interests and, in some
cases, help save lives. Secret Intelligence Operatives
plan, develop and manage intelligence operations
overseas in often difficult environments that draw on
their judgment, intellect and inner strengths. Secret
Intelligence Operatives display personal courage, are
highly motivated and have an innate sense of curiosity.

To succeed as a Secret
Intelligence Operative, you
will need to demonstrate:
superior interpersonal and liaison skills
in order to build strong relationships
with people;
personal presence and impact, with a
proven ability to interact effectively
with people from diverse cultures and
backgrounds;
excellent communication skills;
high levels of maturity and selfmanagement skills, with excellent
judgment and the ability to assess
risks;
resilience and self-motivation, with a
determination to achieve results in
difficult and high-pressure
environments;
the highest levels of personal integrity
and professionalism, which the specific
intelligence agency will continue to
support through comprehensive
training and development programs.

UPERS

DOWNERS

Job security

Intense secrecy

Fantastic benefits and opportunities

Potential psysical danger

Comprehensive and advancement


training program

Controversial history

Access to classified information and


understanding the world secret
realities
Opportunities to alter the worlds
balance of power
Never ending mind work
An amazing service to the nation and
its people

No medals, no press, no releases, no


glory
Not being allowed to tell your kids
where you really work

SIS OR MI6?
Why MI6?
'MI6' has become an almost interchangeable title
for SIS, at least in the minds of those outside the
Service. The origins of the use of this other title are
to be found in the late 1930s when it was adopted
as a flag of convenience for SIS. It was used
extensively during the Second World War,
especially if an organizational link needed to

THE CHIEF
SIS is headed by Sir John Sawers,
known as the Chief of SIS or 'C' (after
the first Chief,Mansfield Cumming
who signed himself 'C'). Sir John
took up his post on the 1st
November2009.
The Chief's role

The Chief is the only serving member of the Service who


is officially named in public. He is appointed by, and is
accountable to, theForeign Secretary. The Chief is
responsible for the control of SIS operations and for the
efficiency of the Service. He has a duty to ensure that all
SIS actions are consistent with its statutory functions.
He makes an annual report on the work of SIS to the
Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary.

Sir
(1920-2008)
Sir Arthur
Arthur (Dickie)
(Dickie) Franks
Franks
(1920-2008)
Sir
Christopher
Curwen
Sir
Christopher
Curwen (1929(1929Sir
Colin
Figures
(1925-2006)
Sir Colin Figures (1925-2006)
))

Sir
Sir
Sir Colin
Colin McColl
McColl (1932(1932- ))
Sir David
David Spedding
Spedding Sir
Sir Richard
Richard
(1943-2001)
Dearlove
(1943-2001)
Dearlove (1945(1945- ))
Sir
Sir John
John Scarlett
Scarlett (1948(1948- ))

COLLABORATION WITH GCHQ AND MI5


As the threats to the UKs security and
economic ell-being become more complex and
more global, the various members of the
intelligence community are working more
closely together than ever before. SIS,GCHQ
and MI5 bring together their unique but highly
complementary skills sets to tackle an everincreasing range of issues-issues that have
very technical, international and human
intelligence facets.

GCHQ
GCHQ is one of the three
UK Intelligence Agencies
and forms a crucial part of
the UKs National
Intelligence and Security
machinery.
TheNational Security
Strategysets out the
challenges of a changing
and uncertain world and
places cyber attack in the
top tier of risks, alongside
international terrorism, a
major industrial accident or
natural disaster, and
international military crisis

MI5
TheSecurity Service, commonly
known asMI5(Military
Intelligence, Section 5),is
theUnited
Kingdom'sinternalcounterintelligenceand security agency.
The Deputy DG is responsible for
the operational activity of the
service, being responsible for four
branches; international counterterrorism, National Security
Advice Centre (counter
proliferation and counter
espionage), Irish and domestic
counter-terrorism and technical
and surveillance operations.

This pages answers some of the


most common questions that the
Secret Intelligence Service is
asked.
1. Who does SIS collect intelligence on?
These requirements are regularly reviewed by Government
and are classified.

2. How can I offer intelligence to SIS?


If you have information about immediate threats to the UK,
its people or property please pass this immediately to
the Security Service. If you are in the UK, you may also
contact the Police on 999 or the Police Anti-Terrorist Line
on 0800 789 321.

3. How does SIS fit into the machinery


of government?
The National Security Council, chaired by the Prime
Minster, oversees all aspects of Britain's security including
the work of the intelligence and security agencies.

4. Does SIS have powers of arrest?


No. As an intelligence agency SIS has no powers of arrest.

5. How much does SIS cost the British


text payer?
The SIA for the financial year 2010/2011 is around 2.3
billion. Like any other public authority, SIS is subject to
stringent financial controls and oversight.

CONCLUSION
My opinion is that Secret Intelligence Service is
working for people without asking anything in return.
Its true that people do not have and will not have
access to what is happening in the middle of SIS, but
it is right. We are not able to judge them, because they
work to ensure the safety of people without even
advertise and thats all that matters. Agents lifestyle
is different and separate from our. Sometimes it means
a lot of paperwork, danger, regrets, etc. So, they have
played and will play an important role in human history.

As we know less, I had to say less.

Bibliogr
https://www.sis.gov.uk/
aphy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secret_Intelli
gence_Service
http://www.gchq.gov.uk/AboutUs/Pages/in
dex.aspx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MI5