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HAND WASHING

TRENDS OF CHANGE

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

4/13/16

WHAT WE MEAN BY HAND


WASHING
Hand washing or hand
hygiene is the act of cleaning
one's hands with or without
the use of water or another
liquid, or with the use of soap
for the purpose of removing
soil, dirt, and/or
microorganisms. The spelling
"handwashing" in one word is
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
also common

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MEDICAL USE

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Medical hand-washing became mandatory long after Hungarian


physician Ignaz Semmelweis discovered its effectiveness (in
1846) in preventing disease in a hospital environment There are
nowadays electronic devices in some hospitals that provide
feedback to remind hospital staff to wash their hands when they
forget.

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HANDWASHING IS LIKE A
"DO-IT-YOURSELF" VACCINE
it involves five simple and effective steps (Wet, Lather,
Scrub, Rinse, Dry) you can take to reduce the spread of
diarrheal and respiratory illness so you can stay healthy.
Regular handwashing, particularly before and after
certain activities, is one of the best ways to remove
germs, avoid getting sick, and prevent the spread of
germs to others. It's quick, it's simple, and it can keep us
all from getting sick. Handwashing is a win for everyone,
except the germs.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

4/13/16

CLEAN HAND SAVE MANY


Keeping hands clean through
improved hand hygiene is one
of the most important steps
we can take to avoid getting
sick and spreading germs to
others. Many diseases and
conditions are spread by not
washing hands with soap and
clean, running water
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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ALCOHOL TOO CREATE SAFE


HANDS
If clean, running water is
not accessible, as is common
in many parts of the world,
use soap and available
water. If soap and water are
unavailable, use an alcoholbased hand sanitizer that
contains at least 60%
alcohol to clean hands.
.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

4/13/16

WHEN SHOULD YOU WASH YOUR


HANDS?

Before, during,
and after
preparing food
Before eating
food
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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WHEN WE WASH
Before and after
caring for someone
who is sick
Before and after
treating a cut or
wound
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

4/13/16

WHEN WE WASH
After using the
toilet
After changing
diapers or cleaning
up a child who has
used the toilet
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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WHEN WE
WASH

After blowing your nose,


coughing, or sneezing

After touching an animal,


animal feed, or animal
waste
After handling pet food
or pet treats
After touching garbage
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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CDC CONTINUES TO PROMOTES HAND


WASHING BASIC TOOL TO SAVE MANY
Keeping hands clean is one of the most
important steps we can take to avoid getting
sick and spreading germs to others. Many
diseases and conditions are spread by not
washing hands with soap and clean, running
water. CDC recommends cleaning hands in a
specific way to avoid getting sick and spreading
germs to others. The guidance for effective
handwashing and use of hand sanitizer was

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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HOW SHOULD YOU WASH YOUR


HANDS?
Wet your hands with clean,
running water (warm or cold),
turn off the tap, and apply soap.
Lather your hands by rubbing
them together with the soap.
Be sure to lather the backs of
your hands, between your
fingers, and under your nails.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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HOW SHOULD YOU WASH YOUR


HANDS?

Scrub your hands for


at least 20 seconds.
Need a timer? Hum the
"Happy Birthday" song
from beginning to end
twice.

Rinse your hands well


under clean, running
water.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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HOW SHOULD YOU WASH YOUR


HANDS?

Dry your
hands using a
clean towel or
air dry them.
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WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU DONT


HAVE SOAP AND CLEAN, RUNNING WATER
Washing hands with soap and water is the best way to
reduce the number of germs on them in most situations. If
soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand
sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Alcohol-based
hand sanitizers can quickly reduce the number of germs on
hands in some situations, but sanitizers do not eliminate all
types of germs and might not remove harmful chemicals
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SANITIZERS ARE INEFFECTIVE


Hand sanitizers
are not as
effective when
hands are visibly
dirty or greasy.
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HOW DO YOU USE HAND


SANITIZERS?
Apply the product to the
palm of one hand (read
the label to learn the
correct amount).
Rub your hands together.
Rub the product over all
surfaces of your hands and
fingers until your hands
are dry.
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CDC WORKS WITH PARTNERS AROUND


THE U.S. AND THE WORLD
The Center for Global Safe WASH. Working to increase access to safe
drinking water, adequate sanitation, and appropriate hygiene.
fight-bac Fight BAC! Partnership for Food Safety Education. Keep food
safe from bacteria.
Global Hygiene CouncilThe Global Hygiene Council. Researching hygiene
practices around the world.
Global Public-Private Partnership for HandwashingGlobal Public-Private
Partnership for Handwashing. A coalition of international stakeholders
focused on handwashing and child health.
It's a SNAPHealthy Schools, Healthy People It's a SNAP. Improves hand
Dr.T.V.Rao
MD
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hygiene
habits to help prevent the spread of infectious disease and
reduce 18
related absenteeism.

Program created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for


Medical and Paramedical
Professionals for Basic principles of
Hand washing
Email
doctortvrao@gmail.com
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