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I LOVE GREEN AND I CARE FOR MOTHER NATURE

Recap
Yesterday we discussed the
following:
1. Lesson Plan and its types
2. Parts of Lesson Plan (OSPEA)
3. Objectives must be SMART, contain at least
3 domain

Game
Mechanic:

1 Correct Answer= 1 Cup


Cake

How many Square do


you see?

How many Squares do you


1
2
3
10
see?
4

14

11

Answer: 14
Squares

13

12

TEACHING STRATEGIES,
TECHNIQUES, METHODS
AND APPROACH
POLICARPIO R. MALONDA
TCP 2016 SUMMER CLASS

Objectives:
With the aid of learning materials,
tools and equipments the students
are expected to:
1. Differentiate among approaches, methods,
strategies and techniques. (C-Ap)

2.

Cite and explain selected techniques of


teaching. Recast: Observe the proper
techniques for every categories of teaching
methods. (A-R)

3.

Demonstrate small group discussion and


debate techniques. (Psy-Mech)

It is not enough that a teacher


knows his subject matter; what
is important is that he must be
able to impart it

properly

effectively (Garcia,

and
1989).

What is approach,
method/strategy
and techniques?

Techniq These
three
ue

terms are
Method basically
different
Approa and
distinct,
ch
although
they are
related to
one
another.

APPROAC
H
An enlightened viewpoint of
teaching.
Provide sound philosophy and
orientation to whole process of
teaching.
Embraces the entire spectrum of

APPROAC
H
It is a set of principles, beliefs,
or ideas about the nature of
learning which is translated into
the classroom.

Salient Points
1.All approaches of teaching are

viewpoints of teaching, but not all


viewpoints of teaching are
considered approaches of
Teaching.

2.Selection of an Instructional
method is based on a given
approach.

EXAMPLES OF TEACHING APPROACHES


TEACHER-CENTERED

LEARNER-CENTERED

SUBJECT-MATTERED CENTER

LEARNER-CENTERED

TEACHER DOMINATED

INTERACTIVE

BANKING APPROACH
DISCIPLINAL
INDIVIDUALISTIC
INDIRECT, GUIDED

CONSTRUCTIVIST
INTEGRATED
COLLABORATIVE
DIRECT

TEACHER-CENTERED
APPROACH
The teacher is perceived to be the only
reliable source of information in contrast to
the learner-centered approach.

LEARNER-CENTERED
APPROACH
In which it is premised on the belief that
the learner is also an important resource
because he/she too knows something and is
therefore capable of sharing something.

SUBJECT MATTER-CENTERED
APPROACH
Subject matter gains primacy over that of the
learner.

TEACHER DOMINATED APPROACH


In this approach, only the teachers voice is
heard. He/she is the sole dispenser of
information.

INTERACTIVE APPROACH
In this approach, an interactive classroom
will have more student talk and less teacher
talk. Students are given the opportunity to
interact with teacher and with other
students.

CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH
People construct their own understanding and knowledge of
the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on
those experiences

meaning-making theory

BANKING APPROACH
The teacher deposits knowledge into the
empty minds of students for students to
commit to memory.

INTEGRATED APPROACH
It makes the teacher connects what
he/she teaches to other lessons of the same
subject (intradisciplinary) or connects
his/her lessons with other subjects thus
making his/her approach interdisciplinary
and multidisciplinary.

DISCIPLINAL APPROACH
It limits the teacher to discussing his/her
lessons within the boundary of his/her
subject.

COLLABORATIVE APPROACH
It will welcome group work, teamwork,
partnerships, and group discussion.

INDIVIDUALISTIC APPROACH
It wants the individual students to work
by themselves.

DIRECT TEACHING APPROACH


The teacher directly tells or shows or
demonstrates what is to be taught.

INDIRECT,GUIDED APPROACH
The teacher guides the learner to discover
things for himself/herself. The teacher
facilitates the learning process by allowing
the learner to be engaged in the learning
process with his/her guidance.

RESEARCH-BASED APPROACH
As the name implies, teaching and
learning are anchored on research findings.

WHOLE CHILD APPROACH


The learning process itself takes into
account not only the academic needs of the
learners, but also their emotional, creative,
psychological, spiritual, and developmental
needs.

METACOGNITIVE APPROACH
The teaching process brings the learner to
the process of thinking about thinking. The
learner reflects on what he learned and on
his/her ways of learning.

PROBLEM-BASED APPROACH
As the name implies, the teachinglearning process is focused on problems.
Time is spent on analyzing and solving
problems.

SEC. 5 (E) RA 10533


The curriculum shall use pedagogical

constructivism,
inquiry-based, reflective,
collaborative, and integrative.
approaches such as

PEDAGOGY
The teacher must know the learning
styles of their student to effectively
adopt appropriate learning strategies.
Sir Simon can discuss the stages of
research even without his book.

A kind of approach that is directed toward


meaning-making theory
a.
b.
c.
d.

Integrative Appraoch
Reflective Approach
Constructivism
Collaborative

The teacher is perceived to be the only


reliable source of information
a.
b.
c.
d.

Teacher-Centered Appraoch
Learner-Centered Approach
Subject Matter-Center Approach
Selfie Approach

Methods/Strategy

Organized, orderly, systematic,


well-planned procedure.
Directs and guides the teacher in
akk class activities.

Methods/Strategy

It is a systematic way of doing


something. It implies an orderly
logical arrangement of steps. It
is more procedural.

Activity: Form a small group and


discuss the following phrase.
A thousand teachers,
a thousand
methods.
-Chinese Proverb

Activity: Divide the class into


two, those who are in favor (1
Group) or against (1 group) premarital sex.
Pre-marital sex is part of
Developmental Goals
Pre-marital is immoral

Technique

Is the Implementation and that


which actually takes place in the
classroom.
It is a well-defined procedure used
to accomplish a specific activity or
task.

Direct
-Lecturing
-Film Showing
-Field Trip
Indirect
-Playing Games
-Group Role Play
-Inquiry Training
-Laboratory Work

Convergent
Divergent

Nature of Teaching- Learning Activity

Whole Class-Lecture
Group Students-Discussion
Individual-Modular

Classification
of Teaching
Methods

Cognitive-Reporting/Unit Method
Affective-Project Method
Psychomotor-Simulation-Role Playing
Teacher Monopolized-Pure Lecture
Student Monopolized-Field Trip
Collaborated-Socialized Classrom
Discussion

Inductive and Deductive


Deductive Method.pptx
Investigaroty(LPRFE)
-Laboratory
-Problem-solving
-Research
-Field study
-Experimenting

Activity (PFDRSBD)
-Project
-Field Trip
-Dramatization
-Role-playing
-Simulation
-Brainstroming
-Debate

Demonstration
-Teacher-directed
-Student Directed
-Teacher and Student-directed
-Resource Speaker

Lecture (OCSRT) Method

Categories of
Teaching
Methods
ILDRIADSIT

-Outlining(GS)
-Component (SL)
-Sequential(Log)
-Relevance(M-a)
-Transitional(in-dpth)

Discussion (S2DPCI) Method


-Small Group (Mx-I)
-Socialized(Ex-ST)
-Direct Instruction (Tex-Flw)
-Panel Discussion
-Recitation
Reporting Method (UIRS2)
-Interview
-Unit-Morrisonian
-Individual/Group
-Reading-Story Telling
-Schematic
-Symposium

Self-Facing (PM)
-Programmed Instruction,modules, kits, correspondece
-Mastery Learning

Categories of
Teaching
Methods

Integrated (LDFRI)
-Lecture-discussion
-Demonstration
-Film Showing
-Reporting
-Inducivedeductive

Traditional (TRTMT)
-Texkbook
-Rote-learning
-Teacher Full Directed
-Memorization
-The 2 x 4 x 8

Students were assigned to live with community


they are studying on. This particular technique
which is appropriate for mostly mature ones is
known as
a.
b.
c.
d.

Community Outreach
Field Study
Research
Practicum

Teacher Pol invited 3 experts to talk about a single


topic. This technique is known

a.
b.
c.
d.

Interview
Panel Discussion
Symposium
Small Group Discussion

When teachers feel that they are best source of


information, the best method to consider
a.
b.
c.
d.

Lecture
Discussion
Reporting
Activity

Assignment:
1. Study and Read about types of Instructional
Materials.

2.

Vocabularies-Look for the meaning of the


following terms: Instruction, Materials,
Audio and Video Visual

3.

Find the similaries and differences of


different types of instruction materials.

Do you want more?

We will have it in our


next topic.

Thank You!