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Microbial Enhanced Oil

Recovery
To be thrown upon ones own resources, is to be cast into very lap
of the future; for our faculties then undergo a development and
display an energy of which they were previously unsusceptible.
-Benjamin Franklin

A presentation by:Abhishek V.Hukkerikar

Oil Consumption & Future


Analysis

The Background

World has enjoyed


surplus oil for past few
decades.

We are slowly heading


for oil crisis.

Energy demands are


constantly increasing.

By

2030 the oil demand


will be 50% higher than
now.

The Shortfall

The Background

Governments are
concerned about the
supply of oil by
geography.

Energy & climate issues.

Role of renewable energy


sources.

Research indicates that 1


trillion barrels of oil still
exists, but extraction is
difficult.

Oil Reserves

Primary & Secondary


Recovery

Primary Recovery
-Easy oil out.
-10- 15% of OOIP.

Secondary Recovery
-Flooding & Injecting
-15-30% of OOIP

Tertiary Recovery

Is applicable only
after transition.

Laboratory tests are


conducted.

It relies on SP
flooding.

50% of OOIP
reported.

Enhanced Oil Recovery

Enhanced Oil Recovery

EOR:- 50 %

Secondary
Recovery:- 15%-30%

Primary
Recovery:10-25%

Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery

Bacteria are the only


micro organisms suitable
for the process.

The produce metabolic


products & tolerate harsh
environment.

Discovery:1. It was found that bacteria were


active at high pressure &
temperature.
2.Clostridium was grown at
75000ppm salt concentration.

Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery


Mechanisms:

Interfacial
tension.

Gas Production.

Case Study
Garzan Oil StudyTurkey

Oil API 26o

Shut in & water


flooding tests
conducted

Clostridium used as
the stimulating
bacteria

Case Study
Microbial
description:
ATCC 824
Anaerobic bacteria
Produces gases in
the first stage
Produces acids &
solvents in the
second stage

Experimental Procedure

Experimental Procedure
Microbial Water Flooding tests

Results

Results

Graphical Support

Graphical Support

Study Inference

The microbe causes


reduction in oil viscosity.

Effective in depleted
reservoirs.

Optimum shut in is 24days.

Can be used in
conjunction with other
microbes.

Conclusion
Bacterial population
can tolerate harsh
environments.
Growth is rapid.
Availability is
widespread.
Efficiency of recovery
is high.
Hence 3rd trillion of oil
is present in these
unicellular organisms.

References
BOOKS:

Bacteria for improvement of oil recovery


by K.BEHLULGIL

Enhanced oil recovery-An overview


by S.Thomas

Uses of microbes in Petroleum Recovery technology


by Rebecca Bryant
WEB SOURCE:

www.google.co.in

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