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PROJECT PRESENTATION

ON
IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR
PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEM

Presented by:
Mohammad Asif
M.Tech (Power Systems) MTPS-13-34

AL-FALAH SCHOOL OF ENGENEERING & TECHNOLOGY, FARIDABAD


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CONTENT
Abstract
Introduction
Literature Review
Motivation of the project
Objective
Solar PV cell : Basic model
MPPT model
Project description and modeling
Results
Conclusion
Future work
References
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ABSTRACT
PV is a technology that converts the energy from sunlight into electrical

energy.
PV system becomes an important renewable energy source due to its
pollution-free and inexhaustible nature.
With the focus on greener sources of power, PV has become an important
source of power for a wide range of applications.
Output power of the PV system is still low, hence the continuous hard work is
taken to develop the techniques for extracting maximum power and reduced
cost factor.
An MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) is a technique that grid
connected inverters, solar battery chargers and similar devices use to get the
maximum possible power from one or more photovoltaic module.
A number of algorithms have been proposed to find the maximum power point
tracking (MPPT) for photovoltaic system.
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CONT.
Perturb and Observer (P & O) and Incremental conductance (INC) are widely

used MPPT techniques.


In this thesis, we studied the different MPPT techniques for solar Photovoltaic
system.
simulation of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for photovoltaic system
using incremental conductance algorithm is done to extract the maximum
possible power.
It can be experimentally proved by modeling the PV system by MPPT
algorithm in MATLAB/SIMULIMK software.

INTRODUCTION
Due to the rapid depletion of conventional energy resources, the significance of

solar energy has been raising as replaceable energy resources in last few
years.
India is the fifth largest producer and end user of electricity in the world &
demand is expected to increase from 900 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) to 1,400
billion kWh by March 2017.
India is in a state of recurrent energy lack with a demand-supply gap of almost
12% of the total energy demand.
To meet this demand, Solar is the only renewable alternative energy source with
the fundamental capability to satisfy the energy needs of India.
According to MNRE, total solar installed capacity in the country till 2014 is
about 2631.9 MW which is 945 MW more than the previous year.
JNNSM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission)have a mission
to install 20 GW solar PV plant by 2022.
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CONT.

CONT.

LITERATURE REVIEW
A number of papers have been used in this project some of them are given below:
Comprehensive Approach to Modeling and Simulation of PV Arrays by M.G.
Villalva, J.R. Gazoli, and E.R. Filho.
A detailed modeling of photovoltaic module using MATLAB by Habbati
Bellia, Ramdani Youcef, and Moulay Fatima.
Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking
Techniques by Trishan Esram and Patrick L. Chapman.
Modeling and Simulation of Incremental Conductance MPPT Algorithm for
Photovoltaic Applications by Saravana Selvan. D
Evaluation of the Main MPPT Techniques for Photovoltaic Applications
by M.A. Gomes de Brito, L. Galotto, L.P. Sampaio and Carlos Alberto
Canesin.

MOTIVATION OF PROJECT
To meet the increasing energy demand, shortage and environmental impacts of

conventional energy sources, more attention has been given to utilize the
renewable energy.
To improve the conversion efficiency of the PV System, a technique is
adopted which is known as Maximum power point tracking. MPPT make the
PV system to operate at its maximum power.

OBJECTIVE
According to the necessity of the maximum power output of SPVA (Solar
photovoltaic array ), the project has following main objectives:
To study the detailed concept of Solar Photovoltaic system.
To study the detailed concept of MPPT system and its different types of
algorithms.
Develop high efficiency photovoltaic solar system using the Incremental
Conductance MPPT algorithm in MATLAB/SIMULINK software.

SOLAR PV CELL: THE BASIC MODEL

MPPT MODEL

PROJECT DESCRIPTION AND MODELING

RESULTS
From the implemented simulink model of photovoltaic (PV) module with

incremental conductance (INC) based maximum power point tracking (MPPT)


control system we observe different values of output current, voltages and
power. Different waveforms shown below are the results we obtained from
simulink model.

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Fig.1 output current of Boost converter

Fig 2 output voltage of Boost converter

Fig. 3 Duty cycle waveform and output Power with INC MPPT controller

Fig.4 Complete output waveform of power with and without MPPT

controller

CONCLUSION
A model of maximum power point (MPP) technique using Incremental

Conductance Algorithm is implemented in MATLAB / SIMULINK.


MPPT method improves the dynamic and steady state performance of the PV
system simultaneously.
With the help of simulink model it is observed that system tracks the
maximum power point successfully even with the varying solar radiation.
When the external environment changes suddenly the system can extract the
maximum power very quickly.

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FUTURE SCOPE
There is number of MPPT control algorithm. Fuzzy and Neural network based

MPPT algorithm are more accurate.


No of improved DC-DC converter topologies are in picture like CUK
converter, Isolated converter etc.
By choosing the optimal combination of DC-DC converter and MPPT
algorithm better regulation of battery is possible.

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REFERENCES

M. G. Villalva, J. R. Gazoli, and E. R. Filho, Comprehensive approach to modeling

and simulation of photovoltaic arrays, IEEE Trans. on power Electron. vol. 24, no. 5,
May 2009.
Habbati Bellia, Ramdani Youcef, Moulay Fatima, A detailed modeling of photovoltaic
module using MATLAB, NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics (2014) 3, 53
61.
Tarak Salmi, Mounir Bouzguenda, Adel Gastli, Ahmed Masmoudi,
MATLAB/Simulink Based Modelling of Solar Photovoltaic Cell, IJRER Vol.2, No.2,
2012.
T. Esram and P. L. Chapman, Comparison of photovoltaic array maximum power
point tracking techniques, IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, vol. 22, no. 2, June.
Roger Gules, Juliano De Pellegrin Pacheco, Hlio Lees Hey, A Maximum Power
Point Tracking System with Parallel Connection for PV Stand-Alone Applications,
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 55, No. 7, July 2008.
G.K. Singh, Solar power generation by PV technology: A review, pp. 1-13, Energy
53 (2013).
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THANK YOU

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