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PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

(SBF 3023)
TITLE: SEED
GROWTH AFFECTED
BY LIGHT FACTOR
NAME

MATRIC NO

RAIMI BINTI SAIT

D20141066894

NUR SYAFINAS BINTI ASLAN

D20141066905

DAYANG AZWA NADIA BINTI AWANG AHMAD

D20141066884

ISHAK
LIM LEE WEN

D20141066909

OBJECTIVES
To observe the seed germination
process occur on the seeds used.
To investigate the effect of light on the
seed growth.

MATERIALS
Petri dish
Bean seeds
Ground nut seeds
Table lamp
Ruler
Plastic bags

METHOD
1.Seed germination The seeds were
being germinated for 7 days ( a week )
2.Seed growth and development (light
factor) The seeds were being observed
on their growth and development week
by week and data was recorded.

RESULT
Seed Germination
Seed Growth and
Development
( Light Factor )

SEED GERMINATION

24hour
Light

12hour Dark

6hour Dark

24hour
Dark

SEED GROWTH AND


DEVELOPMENT

24h Light, 6hour Dark & 24hour Dark


6h & 12h Dark (at
home)

6h &12h

24h Light & 24h

Period

Day & Length of


hypocotyl (cm)
0

24 hour 0
cm
Light

0.4
cm

5.0
cm

6.2
cm

0
cm

0.3
cm

5.0
cm

6 hour
Dark

12 hour 0
cm
Dark

0.6
cm

5.9
cm

24 hour 0
cm
Dark

0.8
cm

5.8
cm

Day vs Length of hypocotyl (cm)

Send to
green house
for a week,
10.2 then the
cm
plant were
took back
15
home to start
cm
light
15.2 treatment.
cm

15 15.2

10.2

5.9 5.8
5

0.8
0.4 0.3 0.6
24 L

6D

12 D

24 D

6.2

Plant
Development

After Treatment with Light


Plant/
Week

Length of hypocotyl (cm) with


different period of light exposing
24 hour
Light

6 hour
Dark

12 hour
Dark

24 hour
Dark

Week
1

20.2

20.8

24.5

23.9

Week
2

23.9

24.1

26.8

26.5

Week
3

27.3

27.5

30.5

28.5

Length vs Week (Treatment Phase)

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

24hour
Light
6hour
Dark

*Photos of plant after treatment


finished.

12hour
Dark
24hour
Dark

Discussion
The germination of a seed happens when the appropriate quantities of
water, temperature, and proper soil nutrients are available.
When the seed is growing in its early stages, it makes use of the food and
nutrients that are available in the seed itself.
Slowly the leaves that are made by the seedling along with tiny roots will
allow the plant to depend on sunlight and the soil for its growth and
nourishment.
The roots will transfer the nutrients and minerals from the soil to the
plant. Once the shoots and roots have emerged from the seedling, the
germination will end and the growth of the plant starts.

During seed germination, they show reaction towards light.


Light has been recognized around the mid-nineteenth
century as a critical factor controlling germination (Crocker,
1930)

24-hour Light
Seed germination occur rapidly and healthy
Less elongation of hypocotyl
Green in colour
Leaf expand

12-hour Light 12-hour Dark


Seed grow success
Plant undergo photosynthesis (light reaction and dark
reaction)
There are competition occur in order to find lights
Some have long elongation and some are not

6-hour Light 18-hour Dark


Plant succeed to grow
Plant can undergo Light and Dark Reaction
Competition occur to get sunlight

24-hour Dark
Absence of light: etiolation/ skotomorphogenesis occur
Green bean plant structure:
1. Long hypocotyl
2. Reduced leaf expansion
3. Apical hook
4. Pale in colour
Etiolated plant do not have chlorophyll so they cannot absorb plant
efficiently

Conclusion
Light affects the seed germination and plant growth.
Plants get energy from light through a process called photosynthesis. This is
how light affects the growth of a plant. Without light, a plant would not be
able to produce the energy it needs to grow.
The exposure to light does not need to be long or continuous for some seeds.
The most survive plants is 12 hours light 12 hours dark. Plant can undergo
photosynthesis (light and dark reaction) effectively.

THANK YOU