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DIGESTI

VE
SYSTEM

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
is a group of organs
working together to
convert food into
energy and basic
nutrients to feed the
entire body.

TWO TYPES
OF DIGESTION

MECHANICAL DIGESTION

Where food is chewed


and broken down to
smaller pieces.
Starts in the mouth

CHEMICAL DIGESTION
This is carried out by
enzymes
Also starts in the mouth

FUNCTIONS OF THE
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
- Ingestion of food
- Digestion of food
- Absorption of nutrients
- Elimination of waste

DIGESTION

MOUTH

1. MOUTH
When food is chewed
saliva starts digesting
carbohydrates
AMYLASE- present in
saliva to break down
carbohydrates

ESOPHAGUS

2. ESOPHAGUS
Food eaten now called a
BOLUS
In the process of
peristalsis, push down
the food in the stomach.

STOMACH

3. STOMACH
Everything is blended
with digestive juices.
Hydrochloric acid kills
bacteria.
PEPSIN break down
proteins.

SMALL INTESTINE

4. SMALL INTESTINE

Continues the process of breaking down


food by using enzymes
released by the PANCREAS and bile from
the LIVER.

The duodenum is largely


responsible for continuing
the process of breaking down
food.
The jejunum and ileum being
mainly responsible for the
absorption of nutrients into
the bloodstream.

LARGE INTESTINE

5. LARGE INTESTINE
Wastes that remain after digestion
go to the large intestine where
water is reabsorbed.
These wastes, including the water
that was not reabsorbed, are
temporarily stored in the RECTUM
before they are excreted out of the
body through the ANUS.

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
RELATION TO
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM,
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM,
AND EXCRETORY SYSTEM

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and


RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
The digestive system muscles
depend upon oxygen in order to
function -- without oxygen, the
digestive tract would stop working.
Respiratory muscles need fuel in
order to contract, and the fuel they
use is primarily in the form of
carbohydrate and fat.

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and


CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
The delivery of nutrients from the
digestive system to the
bloodstream for circulation.
The need of the circulatory system
for digestion to continue to
function.

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and


EXCRETORY SYSTEM
Liver
The liver, while part of the digestive
system, also plays a role in the
excretory system. Excess amino acids
are often found in the bloodstream from
the foods that we eat. The liver converts
excess amino acids in our bloodstream
into other compounds the body can use.
Urea, a waste product, is produced as a
result. The urea then gets removed from
the bloodstream by the kidneys.

EVALUATION

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