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EMI & POWER QUALITY

Presented By :MUHAMMAD ISMAIL


MUHAMMAD FAIZAN
ABDULLAH
SHAH FAHAD
Student of MSc Electrical (power )
SUIT Peshawar
Dated : 02 Jan 2015

What is a Magnet?
A magnet is an object which can attract either
iron or steel (other magnets)
Magnets are designated with poles
Poles: extreme ends of a magnet
when a bar magnet is allowed to rotate freely, the
pole that seeks the northerly direction, is called
the north magnetic pole, the opposite the
south magnetic pole

Auroras

Magnetic field diverts charged particles and


protects Earth from radiation
Earths magnetic field means that charged
particles from solar winds are unable to contact
Earths surface, except for near the poles
Results in Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis

Electromagnetism
Why does electricity keep popping up
in the magnetism unit?
Remember how magnetism had to do
with electron spins.... And electricity
is the movement of electrons, so...

What is EMI?
A basic working definition
EMI (Electromagnetic
Interference) is broadly defined
as any unwanted electrical or
electromagnetic energy that
causes undesirable responses,
degraded performance, or failure
in electronic equipment.
For our purposes we are usually
concerned with radiated and
conducted EMI in electronic
equipment in command, control,
information and communication
systems.

INTRODUCTION
EMI-

It consists of any unwanted conducted or


radiated signals of electric origin that can cause
degradation in system or equipment performance.
A number of digital hearing aid users have reported
occasional loud noises when using their fm system
Occurrences were unpredictable
Mostly noticed when the transmitter was turned off
The sound was a whooshing noise

Classification of EMI
INTRASYSTEM EMIEMI problems with in the system
one is dealing with.
INTERSYSTEM EMIEMI problems, that occur between
two or more systems.

Sources of EMI
Radiated and Conducted

High frequency devices


Electronics/computers
Cell phones/radios
Wireless/RF energy
Microwave equipment
Power lines
Electric motors
Electrostatic discharge (ESD)
Lightning (LEMP)
Nuclear event (HEMP)
Others

EMI arises due to three basic


factors

Sources
Transmission Path
Response

Reduction of EMI

Both Filtering & Shielding


techniques are used to reduce
electromagnetic disturbances.
To reduce noise due to EMI at
sources by EMC oscillators.

Electromagnetic compatibility
(EMC)
EMCIt is the ability of the system to function as designed
without any degradation in performance due to EMI with in
the operational environment
First, EMC implies that the equipment will not generate
unacceptable interference emission levels which could cause
interference .
Second, EMC implies that the equipment can tolerate ambient
levels of interference
without degradation of performance

What is a Filter Connector?


A basic working definition
Filter connectors use internal capacitors and (optionally) inductors and
diodes (for EMP applications) to strip off unwanted noise or transient
voltages from the signal.
Types include tubular, planar array, chip on flex/board, EE seal and
others
Low-pass filters attenuate high-frequency noise and allow lowfrequency signals to pass
Each application environment dictates different capacitance values and
cut-off frequencies to affect desired performance
Virtually any standard connector type can be outfitted with filtering
technology

Why Use a Filter


Connector?
Filters are can be a planned addition to an electronic package or, as
frequently occurs, added after a problem has been discovered
Easiest permanent EMI/EMP solution designed to strip off
conducted EMI before it passes through the device.
Variable capacitance from 500 pf to 50,000 pf
Small package size doesnt consume PCB real estate.
Can easily replace existing non-filtered connector.
Mates with standard connectors 5015, 26482, 38999, 24308, 83723,
26500, 83513, Mighty Mouse, ARINC, etc.
Moves filtering away from sensitive board electronics when a signal
barrier is needed in a system.
Can shunt an unwanted electrical surge fast {1X10^-9}

EMC Design considerations

Connectors
Grounding
Shielding
Components
Electrostatic discharge
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Testing
Low level testingComponent, Equipment, Subsystem testing
Intermediate level testingSystem testing
High level testingElectromagnetic environment with the test
item
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Testing
Compliance testsPerformed at the end of design.
Engineering testsDeals with potential problems in the
designing process .
Audit testsIt is associated with manufacturing & quality

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Conclusion
EMI is a major problem in the development of
systems.
EMC must be taken in to consideration during
the design stage.
Environmental reliability testing is used to
eliminate potential problems
There are many EMC standards used in the
regulation of products that may cause EMI.
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