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Some help to improve your

Writing skills

By Sabrina Solar

What kind of essays do you


know?
1. In my opinion
2. Advantages and disadvantages
In favor/ For and against
3. Description (a dream, a (famous)
person, your last holidays)
4. Informal letter
5. Formal letter
6. A complaint
7. A review
8. A report
9. An article
10. A short story

Types of writings you need to


practice for B1 level
Description of a person
An informal email/letter
Neutral letter/email
Report
An article for a magazine
Telling a story
A review (film, book, place)
A description
Entry in a diary

Steps you have to follow before


you start your composition

1. Brainstorming
2. Draft

(possible information)

(take some useful ideas to develop)

3. Edit
4. Check

(check it before you hand it in)

Some ideas for your essay


Introduction
Nowadays
In our society
Today in our social structure
Broadly speaking
Body
As recent surveys show
-Advantages and disadvantages
On the one hand /on the one side/ on the positive
side
On the other hand/ on the other side/ on the
negative side
I can show some advantages such as
But also there are some disadvantages such as
And/ in addition/ besides/ apart from
Also/too/as well as
Last but not least
Conclusion
To conclude


To build an argument: THE BODY OF THE

ESSAY
In the first place
First of all
First and foremost
To start / To begin with
Secondly
In the second place
Apart from this/that
In addition (to this/ to that)
Whats more
Besides
On top of this/ that
Moreover, Furtherore
On the one hand on the other hand
Finally
-In conclusion
-To conclude
- Lastly

Some linking words


To talk about a fact
In fact
Actually
As a matter of fact
Really
Of course
Naturally
In theory In practice
To explain a result or whatever issue
Because of this/ that
In this/that way
For this reason
Therefore
As a result
Consequently

To modify what we are saying


To some extent
Up to a point
More or less
At least
Under the/certain circumstances
Especially
In particular
Above all
Not to mention
In general
Basically
Essentialy
In essence

To show our personal opinion


In my opinion
In my view
Personally
From my point of view
As I see it
As far as I am concerned
Some others
According to (the text, author, writer)
For instances
Such as
And so on and so forth

Think while writing


Verb tenses

Most of the essays will tell you in the heading the


tense you have been asked to use:
Present simple tense: as you are going to write
about your likes, dislikes and personal routines. In
this case, remember the position of the adverbs of
frequency
Past tenses: when you are describing something in the

past think about the agreement of the tenses (past


simple/cont, past simpl/perfect)
Future tenses: read properly the title of the composition
and make sure what theyre asking you to write about (a
prediction, something we have already arranged)

Think about the vocab


Remember that you can use different verbs
to talk about thoughts, likes and deslikes
Thoughts: Believe, consider, guess, hope,
imagine, know, mean, suppose, think,
understand
Likes: Like, love, enjoy, fancy, dislike, hate,
And remember that there is specific
vocabulary for every topic: money,
descriptions, movies, food, family,
transport, sport, education, houses,
electronic devices

Writing 1
Description of a person: 125 words.

Your friend Samantha is looking for a


flatmate and you know someone who may
be a good option to her. Describe your
friend to Samantha and tell her why you
you think he/she is a nice person to live
with.

Writing 2
An informal email 130 words

Your Irish friend Lucy, has sent you an email asiking you to
help her organinise a surprise welcome party to her sister
Charlotte. Read her email and the notes you have made.
Using all the given information answer an email to Lucy.
We must make sure that Charlotte doesnt know about the surprise. We may
invite about 15 people because there is not much space in her house. I was
thinking about booking a place later to go for a drink all together.
I have thought about buying her a present but I dont know what to buy
because I dont want anything big or expensive. Any ideas?
Could you come and help me a little bit the day before the party with some
preparations? If you have any other ideas just let me know.
Best wishes,
Lucy
YOUR NOTES:
You have thought going to the Oclock pub (tell the reasons)
Charlotte loves Big Bang Theory
Say sorry you cant help her the day before the party
Some extra idea you had

Writing 3
An article for a magazine: 200 words

Your are going to write an article about how


our eating habits and diets are changing
(regarding those our grand parents used to
have) and why.

Writing 4
Telling a story. 200 words

Write about a frightening story that


happened to you or anyone you know

Writing 5
A film review. 150 words
A. Write about your favourite movie
B. Write about a movie you really disliked

Writing 6
Why is it important to play sports to have a

healthy life? 130 words.

(Try to develop all possible ideas because


this composition could be useful for you
speaking too)

Writing 7
Choose between these two options and

develop your arguments.


A. How do you spend your free time with
your friends?
B. What alternatives can the Government
offer young people to encourage a healthy
life?

Writing 8
Choose between one of these two options

and write 130-150 words.


A. How useful is technology in your daily life?
B. Advantages and disadvantages of the
mobile phone

Writing 9
Describe your ideal house. 100 words.

Remember you have to use a vocabulary


according to your level.

Writing 10
A. (Answer an e-mail) You have just come from United Kingdom. You were
at your friends house for a week . Write a letter or email telling Barbara
and Luke thanks fot everything and that it has been your best holiday
ever. You should include:
1)
2)
3)
4)

you have impoved your English


You really enjoyed you trip to London
You invite Barbara to come
Some extra information about you

B. (Description) The best holiday ever Write about the best holidays
you have ever had.
Where was it?
Who did you go with?
What did you do?
Where did you stay?
C. Seaside or countryside holidays? Advantages and
disadvantages of going to the seaside.

Writing 11
Write a biography about someone you have always

admired. 125 words.


Some of these question may help you.

What did he/she do?


Where: Where did he/she work?
What kind of: what kind of music did he/she like?
What:

Who:
How :
When:
Which:
Why : Why have you always admired this person?