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Technical Presentation Kit

Engines

SAA6D170 - HPI

Introduction
Section 1
KT9000101
Feb 2001

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IPA Objectives

SAAD6170-HPI
TPK
02/01
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Countries today are


working together to
reach global solutions
for environmental
issues which the
world will be facing in
the future.

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IPA Objectives

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IPA has set out to develop


high quality, high
performance engines for
meeting tomorrow's ever
more stringent standards of
emission control. As we
approach the 21st century,
IPA seeks innovations to
enhance diesel engines as
the core power unit of all
equipment and
continuously explores
areas where the importance
of existing products may be
rediscovered.
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IPA Objectives

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IPA recognizes that


the value of an engine
lies in reliability and
efficiency. Our
engineers seek to
fulfill high customer
demands for diesel
engines installed in a
wide variety of
equipment used in the
industrial and
construction sectors.

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Joint-Venture Company

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TPK
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The Industrial Power Alliance (IPA) is a Joint-Venture company


established by Komatsu, a Japanese manufacturer of
construction equipment and engines, and Cummins, a world
leader in diesel engine manufacturing.

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Joint-Venture Company

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TPK
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IPA is a combination of the strengths of Komatsu and


Cummins, and its mission is to develop worldwide-standardized
products that meet requirements of the highly competitive
engine market.

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Joint-Venture Company

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TPK
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IPA is comprised of a group of experienced engineers,


who will engage in research and development of industrial diesel
engines for the coming century.

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What is HPI?

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TPK
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HPI is High Pressure Injection

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WHY ?
Why do we need new
HPI Injected Engines ?

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WHY - High Pressure Injection

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02/01
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WHY - High Pressure Injection

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Common Rail Injector systems


are limited to about 2.5 Liters
per Cylinder

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EPA Euro II

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The HPI 170E-3 meets the strict exhaust gas regulations


(USA: EPA regulations for the year 2001, EU: regulations
for the year 2002, Japan: construction equipment
regulations for the year 2004).
At the same time, they are high performance, high
efficiency engines which achieve low fuel consumption, low
noise, improved exhaust gas color, and improved
acceleration.
These engines have been newly developed to meet various
purposes of use as the power unit for construction
equipment and industrial machinery.

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EPA Non-Road Diesel Emission Standards

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6D170 CRI

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EU Emission Regulations for Off-Road Engines

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TPK
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175 to 750 HP

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Japan Emission Standards for Construction Engines

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MCO = Japan Ministry of Construction

Sec 2

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Conventional Injection Characteristics

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The injection pressure


increases together with
increasing speed and
injected fuel quantity,
During the actual
injection process, the
injection pressure
increases and then
drops again to the
nozzle closing pressure
at the end of injection,

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Conventional Injection Characteristics

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Smaller injected fuel


quantities are injected with
lower pressures than larger
injected fuel quantities

The peak pressure is


more than double that of
the mean injection
pressure, and

In line with the


requirements for efficient
combustion, the rate-ofdischarge curve is
practically triangular.
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Injection characteristics with HPI

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The HPI fuel system is


the newest in fuel
technology from
Komatsu &
Cummins The HPI
fuel system offers
infinitely variable
injection timing
using a simple.
Efficient design,
with injection
pressures beyond
any current fuel
system.
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HPI fuel system

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The HPI fuel


system
features a
mechanically
actuated,
open nozzle
type injector.

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Electronic controls

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Uses the latest


generation of
Cummins
electronic
controls, provides
precise fuel
management and
infinitely variable
injection timing.

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QSK19 fuel system

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Hydro-mechanical system

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This schematic
provides an overview
of the Hydromechanical system of
the HPI fuel system:
Fuel filter head and
fuel filter element
Fuel pump
Fuel control valve
assembly
Fuel manifolds
HPI injector
Fuel cooler
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SD170 Design Changes

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HPI Electronic Fuel System


Rear Camshaft drive
New Camshaft with injector lobe
Redesign Cylinder Head
New Intake Manifold

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Technical Presentation Kit


Engines

END OF SECTION 1.1

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Created by:
Komatsu America International Company
Technical Training Department
KT9000101
Feb 2001

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