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HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

1.4

EQA 1974 (ACT 127)

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Environmental pollution
Rapid industrialisation
in 1950s to 1970s

Ecological Crisis

Globalize Impact

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

GLOBAL REQUIREMENT

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

LEGAL FRAMEWORK Before 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

LEGAL FRAMEWORK Before 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

LEGAL FRAMEWORK Before 1974 (cont)

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

POLICY FRAMEWORK

The various national policies and international development impacts


environmental management policies and regulations
2002 National Policy on Environment to provide policy framework towards
coordinated environmental management efforts
Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974

Governed by 35 regulations to regulate specific activities and impact


onto the environment

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

ELEMENTS COVERED UNDER EQA 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EXAMPLES OF REGULATIONS UNDER EQA 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

REGULATIONS UNDER EQA1974 (related to EIA)

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

PENALTY
Failure to hold a license for prescribed premises
Failure to comply with conditions of license
Contravention of monitoring conditions
Alterations of licensed equipment
Alterations of vehicles, ship or premise to become
prescribed conveyances or premises

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

LICENSING REQUIREMENT

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

COMPOUNDING OF OFFENCES

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

ENFORCEMENT CONCEPT

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

APPEAL

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

APPEAL BOARD

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

OTHER FEATURES OF EQA 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR GENERAL

This led to the formation of the Department of Environment as the


enforcement agency of EQA 1974

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

LEGAL REQUIREMENT OF EIA

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EIA COVERAGE

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

PRESCRIBED ACTIVITIES
Industry
Infrastructure

Agriculture

Quarries

Airport

Railways
Transportation
Petroleum
Water Supply

Fisheries

Prescribed
Activities

Ports
Waste Treatment & Disposal
Resort & Recreational Development

Forestry
Land reclamation
Housing
Mining

Drainage & Irrigation


Power Generation & Transmission

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

PENALTY

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

CONTENTS OF EIA

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

SCOPE OF EIA

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EIA PROCESS

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

POST EIA COMPLIANCE

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063

HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT

EIA CYCLE

Reference: Nor Nuha Mahfuz, Rohida Abdul Wahab, Norzaimah Mohd Dzin, Salma Mohd Kasim, Environmental Law, GMUL5063