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NSN 2G BTS overview

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Objectives
Following this module you should be able to:

Know the Nokia BTS name for the macro/micro/pico cellular


solution
Describe the general knowledge of Nokia
Insite/Metrosite/Ultrasite/Flexi EDGE BTS

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

GSM Evolution to Multimedia


Data Rates

GSM evolves to meet new needs with higher data rates.


9.6-14.4 kbps

HSCSD GPRS

ECSD EGPRS

EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM


Evolution)
ECSD and EGPRS
3-fold increase in data transfer
capability
GSM data evolution provides
A natural growth path to WCDMA
An alternative for WCDMA

WCDMA

60

40

20

GSM Data

HSCSD

GPRS

ECSD

EGPRS

Throughput in kbit/s per single radio timeslot


Soc Classification level
3
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN Multilayer Solution


Requirement :
For more capacity, the network can be divided into multiple layers:
macrocells, microcells and picocells.

Solution :
Nokia UltraSite EDGE and Nokia Flexi EDGE offer the macro cellular solutions

Nokia MetroSite EDGE and Nokia Flexi EDGE offers the microcellular solution

Nokia InSite offers the picocellular solution

Soc Classification level


4
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN InSite Base Station


General Characteristics
1-TRX capacity for all GSM frequency
bands

Optimised output power for indoor use


Integrated antenna
Built-in transmission interfaces
Battery backup time 30 min
Automatic Picocell Planning
Channel Finder
Silent Operation
NSN InSite Base Station

Soc Classification level


5
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN InSite and InHub


InSite

1-TRX capacity for all GSM frequency


bands
Ideal for indoor installation
Optimised output power for indoor
use
Integrated antenna
Built-in transmission interfaces
Battery backup time 30 min
Silent Operation
30 cm
25 cm

6 cm

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

InHub
Supports up to14 InSite BTS
E1(ETSI) and T1(ANSI) compatible
Nokia NMS compatibility
AC and DC power feeding
OVP & Safety for Outdoor
Networks
Nokia Autoconfiguration support *

NSN MetroSite Solution

Nokia MetroSite
Base Station

Soc Classification level


7
Nokia Siemens Networks

Nokia MetroHub
Transmission Node

RN2812-14A

Nokia MetroSite
Battery Backup

NSN MetroSite EDGE BTS Introduction

Modular mechanics:
Cabinet mechanics and
8 plug-in units
Minimised internal
cabling
Two-level environmental
protection:
BTS is shielded against
water, snow and solid
foreign objects by cover
EMC-shielded and
weather-proof plug-in
units

Soc Classification level


8
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN MetroSite EDGE BTS Details

Size: 870 x 310 x 215 mm (H x W x D)


Volume: 49 l
Weights:
1 TRX BTS 22 kg
2 TRX BTS 26 kg
3 TRX BTS 31 kg
4 TRX BTS 40 kg
Heaviest single unit 8 kg (chassis)

Vertical and horizontal mounting possible


Wall and pole mounting
For indoor and outdoor installations
Capacity 4 TRXs
Configurations 4 omni2+21+1+1+1
Soc Classification level
9
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Transmission in NSN MetroSite EDGE and MetroHub

FXC
FXCRRI
RRI
22Hopper
HopperOUs*
OUs*
FXC
FXCE1/T1
E1/T1
4x2
4x2Mb/s
Mb/sG.703
G.703
FC
FCRRI
RRI
11Hopper
HopperOU*
OU*
FC
FCE1/T1
E1/T1
1x2
1x2Mb/s
Mb/sG.703
G.703
5 slots

1 slot
(*) Hopper OU = outdoor unit of
NSN MetroHopper or NSN
FlexiHopper
Soc Classification level
10
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN UltraSite EDGE BTS

Soc Classification level


11
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN UltraSite EDGE cabinet types

full size cabinets


Soc Classification level
12
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Midi cabinets

NSN UltraSite EDGE Outdoor cabinet


Mechanical Characteristics
1940 x 770 x 750 mm (H x W x D)
Identical footprint to CityTalk BTS

Weight

Max weight (12 TRX)


Heaviest single part
Heaviest plug-in unit

Acoustic noise (max):


Climatic conditions:
with optional heater
w/o heater

334 kg
58 kg (core mechanics)
17 kg (RTC)

65 dB (A)
-33C ... +50 C
-10 C ... +50 C

Ingress Protection Class: IP 55


Two level environmental protection:

BTS core and cabinet door provides EMC shielding


Outdoor kit provides additional weather proofing

Soc Classification level


13
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN UltraSite EDGE Indoor cabinet


Mechanical Characteristics
1800 x 600 x 570 mm (H x W x D)
Identical footprint to IntraTalk BTS

Weight

Max weight (12 TRX)


Heaviest single part
Heaviest plug-in unit

266 kg
58 kg (core mechanics)
17 kg (RTC)

Acoustic noise (max): 60 dB (A)


Climatic conditions:

-5C ... +50 C

Ingress Protection Class: IP 20


BTS core and cabinet door provides EMC
shielding

Soc Classification level


14
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Triple-Mode NSN UltraSite EDGE Base Station


Up to 6 GSM/EDGE TRXs

6 WCDMA carriers
(older 3G equipment)

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

6 GSM/EDGE TRXs

IBBU

UltraSite EDGE Triple Mode with Flexi WBTS 3G part

Older cabinet

New cabinet

GSM/EDGE capacity:
6 TRXs

GSM/EDGE
capacity:

max. 3 sectors

6 TRXs

3G capacity:

max. 3 sectors

3 modules

3G capacity:

max. 2+2+2+24+4

5 modules
max. 2+2+2+2+2+2
4+4+4

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

UltraSite EDGE configuration example


6 sectors
4+4+4+4+4+4
2-way combining

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Sector 1

Sector 4

Sector 2

Sector 5

Sector 3

Sector 6

RN2812-14A

NSN UltraSite GSM Base Station Midi Indoor


Mechanical Characteristics
1170 x 600 x 570 mm (H x W x D)
Identical footprint to IntraTalk BTS

Weight:
Max weight (6 TRX)
Heaviest single part

mechanics)
Heaviest plug-in unit

Acoustic noise (max):


Climatic conditions:

150 kg
37 kg (core
17 kg (RTC)

60 dB (A)
-5C ... +50 C

Ingress Protection Class: IP 55


BTS core and cabinet door provides EMC
shielding

Soc Classification level


18
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN UltraSite GSM Base Station Midi Outdoor


Mechanical Characteristics
1320 x 770 x 750 mm (H x W x D)
Identical footprint to CityTalk BTS
Weight
Max weight (6 TRX)
210 kg
Heaviest single part
37 kg (core

mechanics)
Heaviest plug-in unit
17 kg (RTC)
Acoustic noise (max):
65 dB (A)
Climatic conditions:
with optional heater
-33C ... +50 C
w/o heater
-10 C ... +50 C
Ingress Protection Class:
IP 55
Two level environmental protection:
BTS core and cabinet door provides EMC
shielding
Outdoor kit provides additional weather proofing

Soc Classification level


19
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

UltraSite Midi configuration example


3 sectors
2+2+2
combining bypass

Sector 1
Sector 2
Sector 3

Soc Classification level


20
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Structure of NSN UltraSite GSM Base Station


Base Operations and
Interface Unit (1)

Power Supply
DC (0-3)
AC (0-2)
TRX Dual BB units (1-6)
TRX RF units
GSM (0-12)
EDGE GSM (0-12)
Receiver
Multicouplers
2-way (0-6)
6-way (0-2)

Soc Classification level


21
Nokia Siemens Networks

Transmission Units (1-4)


FC E1/T1
FXC E1
FXC E1/T1
FXC RRI

Combiners & Duplex Filters


Dual Duplex Unit (0-6)
Wide Band Combiner (0-9)
Remote Tune Combiner (0-2)

RN2812-14A

Flexi EDGE BTS

Soc Classification level


22
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN Flexi EDGE BTS Product Overview


Revolutionary BTS with weather-proof modules
Installation in stacks, on walls, poles, in 19racks or cabinets
Same modules for indoors and outdoors, macro- and microcellular sites
Temperature range -33C +50 C (temporarily +55 C)
Site capacity with virtually no limits
1 to 24 TRX in 1-12 sectors under 1 BCF
Up to 216 TRX per site
24 TRX in the volume of a traditional BTS cabinet
Industry leading radio performance
TRX output power 47 dBm, sensitivity 115.5 dBm (with 2-way UL div)
Dual TRX module (DTRX) optimal for both capacity and coverage modes
In Capacity mode (CaM) both TRXs of DTRX are used for traffic
In Double Power TRX (DPTRX) mode the TRX output power is 49.5 dBm
In Coverage mode (CoM) 30-50% fewer sites by boosting both down- and uplink
i.e., DPTRX+IDD+4-way diversity: 53 dBm (200W)
Soc Classification level
23
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN Flexi EDGE BTS


A BTS built with modules

Cabinets are not needed with a module-based


BTS
Modules are weather protected by casings,
covers and connector boots and seals
Casings direct air-flow and allow removal of
the modules from the stack
Temperature range:
-33C +50C; temporarily +55 C
Modules can be installed in cabinets or 19 racks
Casings are not used in cabinet installations
Back and front covers are not used if
cabinets have a door
Modules are small and light-weight
One person can transport and install BTS
without using lifting equipment
Soc Classification level
24
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Standard module (3HU)

133 mm

422* 560 mm
447 mm
Weight approx 20 kg
* 422 mm depth for cabinet-installed
modules

HU = 44.4 mm

Stack installation of NSN Flexi BTS


BTS modules are placed in a stacked

(e.g. floor or shelves)


Outdoor & indoor installations
Modules in casings with back and
front covers
Plinth needed (same plinth for all
cabinetless installations)
Max 9 modules per plinth for zone 2
earth quake class,
max 5 modules for zone 4
Standard NSN Flexi BTS clearances
apply

Soc Classification level


25
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Wall installation of NSN Flexi BTS


Cable
routing

BTS modules installed on a wall


Outdoor & indoor installations
Modules in casings with back and front

covers
Plinth needed
Up to 2 modules per plinth
Modules installed covers sideways
150 mm space recommended between
plinths to enable cabling (see picture)
Standard NSN Flexi BTS clearances apply

Soc Classification level


26
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Module
removal

150 mm

Pole installation of NSN Flexi BTS


BTS modules installed on a pole
Outdoor & indoor installations
Modules in casings with back and

front covers
Plinth and pole mounting bracket
needed
Up to 2 modules per plinth and 4
per pair of brackets
Modules installed covers sideways
Standard NSN Flexi clearances
apply

Soc Classification level


27
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Flexi EDGE Feederless Site


Why Feederless Site
Cost savings for the installation work,

materials and equipment


Maximal RF-performance for better
coverage and data throughput
Reduced overall network power
consumption due to reduced site count
(only for new coverage)

Configuration
Additional modules required for
Feederless Site:

EOCA Optical Converter Modules


Additional modules for Feederless Site
FSEC IP55 box (optional)

Installation principles
Same as with standard Flexi EDGE
BTS

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Example of Rooftop installation


2+2+2 for Feederless Site

NSN Flexi Cabinet installation of NSN Flexi EDGE BTS


Up to 24 TRX configurations per NSN Flexi BTS cabinet
Cabinet can simultaneously house GSM/EDGE, WCDMA/HSPA and BBU modules
There are no limitations on how to mix GSM and WCDMA in the cabinet
Optional NSN Flexi Cabinets for indoor and outdoor installations
Open 19 mechanics with 1 HU fixing steps for flexible module installations
No motherboards or electronics (fans etc)
Not part of EMC shielding
Only front cabling
Module casings and covers are not used
Cooling fans remain in modules
Modules are grounded via rack
Same footprint and cabinet fixing points as with
NSN UltraSite and Talk Family
Outdoor: 1450 x 770 x 770 (H x W x D), space for 38HU NSN Flexi BTS
Outdoor Cabinet
Indoor: 1800 x 600 x 600 (H x W x D), space for 36HU
Soc Classification level
29
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

19 Rack Installation of NSN Flexi EDGE BTS


Where space and thermal conditions allow modules can be installed in a
standard 19 rack, or existing cabinets
BBU, site support, legacy BTS
Racks used as mechanical housings
Racks give protection for extreme conditions
Max configuration depends on rack height and
mechanical performance
Casings are not used
Front and rear covers
not used if there is a door and back wall
are required for safety reasons if there is no door or back wall
Only front cabling, no back access required
Every module is fixed separately to the rack
Rack provides 19 fixing points
Modules are grounded via rack
Sufficient air flow through rack must be guaranteed
Min 100 mm front clearance for connectors and
cables is needed if there is door
Soc Classification level
30
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Flexi EDGE BTS Architecture


DTRX
BB

RF

DTRX
BB

RF

DDU

DTRX
BB

ABIS

System
Module

RF

DTRX
BB

RF

DDU

DTRX
BB

RF

DTRX
BB

DIGITAL
ABIS

Soc Classification level


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

DDU

RF

RF
Synchronization

Ethernet
RF cabling

Digital I/O

NSN Flexi EDGE BTS:

simpler architecture with fewer units


Smallest starting configuration with 2 modules:
Logical Sector module, comprising:
Dual TRX module
Dual duplexer module*
System module
All NSN Flexi EDGE BTS modules are GSM and EDGE compliant
Dual duplexer module (optional)
Dual TRX module (2 carriers)

2HU

System module
(transport)

3HU

* 1 Dual duplexer module is required for each sector, it is not needed for further TRX expansions
Soc Classification level
32
Nokia Siemens Networks

1HU

RN2812-14A

3HU
133
mm

HU = 44.4 mm

NSN Flexi EDGE BTS:

simpler architecture with fewer units


Functionality of required modules with bypass or wideband combining
Dual duplexer module
Logical
Sector
module

Filtering, duplexing

Dual TRX module

Wideband combining
GSM/EDGE
RF
Baseband Processing

System module
(transport)

Control

Abis IF

Optional
sub-module

Example Power module


Power module
(optional)
48 VDC
(optional)

Soc Classification level


33
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Ethernet &
DC Power
signaling
E1/T1 or Flexbus
Power
AC/DC

BBU

NSN Flexi EDGE Architecture:

simpler architecture with fewer units

RTC module
(optional)

Filtering, duplexing

Dual TRX module GSM/EDGE


RF

System module
(inc. transport)

Control

Abis IF

Optional
sub-module

Power module
Power module
(optional)
(optional)

Soc Classification level


34
Nokia Siemens Networks

48 VDC

RN2812-14A

Baseband Processing

Ethernet

DC
Power

E1/T1 or Flexbus
Power
AC/DC

BBU

NSN Flexi EDGE BTS Feederless solution


Remote Sectors (1-3)

Dual duplexer module

Filtering, Duplexing, Bias-Ts

Dual TRX module

GSM/EDGE RF

Wideband combiners

Baseband Processing

Gb Ethernet <=> Optical


1

Fiber

Gb Ethernet <=> Optical


3

System module

48VDC

48VDC OVP
1

48VDC

48VDC OVP

48VDC

Gb Ethernet

Control
Abis IF

Soc Classification level


35
Nokia Siemens Networks

Gb Ethernet

RN2812-14A

Ethernet &
signaling

DC Power

Transport sub-module

48VDC

Local
Sector/s

NSN 2G BTS Coverage and Capacity comparison


Coverage (TX pwr and RX
sensitivity)
NSN Flexi EDGE BTS

NSN UltraSite EDGE BTS


Chaining
options
max. 216
TRXs on
site

Chaining
options
max. 108
TRXs on
site

MetroSite BTS

InSite
InSite
BTS
BTS
1
Soc Classification level
36
Nokia Siemens Networks

12

RN2812-14A

24

Capacity per
Cabinet / no. of
TRXs

NSN GSM/EDGE BTS


Common Transmission Solutions

Soc Classification level


37
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN Microwave Radios


NSN FlexiHopperTM Microwave Radio
Low capacity radio (max. 16 x 2 Mbit/s) for
short and medium haul applications
7/8, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 38 GHz, all as 1+0 or Hot
Standby

NSN MetroHopperTM Radio

Soc Classification level


38
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Low capacity radio (max. 4 x 2 Mbit/s)


for
very short applications
58 GHz

BTS independent Transmission: FIU 19 (E)


Indoor unit to operate FlexiHopper and MetroHopper microwave radios
19 inch unit
Add / drop capacity up to 16x2M, cross connect at 2M level
Indoor* and Outdoor unit protection (optional)
max. 4 Flexbus interfaces per FIU19(E)
SNMP/Ethernet functionality (FIU19E only)

* photo shows IU protected configuration, 2xFIU19(E) and 1 Expansion Unit


Soc Classification level
39

2006
NSN
BTS overview.ppt / 2006-11-06 / FAs
39
Nokia
Siemens 2G
Networks
39

2006 NSN

RN2812-14A

2G BTS overview.ppt / 2006-11-06 / FAs

Integrated Transmission Node units (ITN)

1/3

Radio link unit alternative


FXC RRI
For
UltraSite/MetroSite/MetroHub
2 FlexBus IFs, TNC type
connectors
2 radio outdoor units of type
FlexiHopper or MetroHopper
can be connected
Cross connection at 8k level
Loop protection supported

Soc Classification level


40
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Integrated Transmission Node units (ITN)

2/3

Wireline alternatives
FXC E1
For UltraSite/MetroSite/MetroHub
4xE1 (75 ohm) un-balanced
interfaces
2 BT43 connectors per E1 IF
Cross connection at 8k level
Loop protection supported

Soc Classification level


41
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Integrated Transmission Node units (ITN)

3/3

Wireline alternatives
FXC E1/T1
For UltraSite/
MetroSite/MetroHub
4xE1/T1 (120/100 ohm)
balanced interfaces
1 TQ connector per E1/T1 IF
Cross connection at 8k level

Soc Classification level


42
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Point-To-Point transmission unit

Wireline alternatives
FC E1/T1

1xE1/T1 interface
1 TQ connector for E1 (120 ohm)

or T1 (100 ohm) balanced


2 BT43connectors for E1 (75 ohm)
un-balanced
No cross connection capability
optimized for Point-To-Point
transmission configurations

Soc Classification level


43
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN UltraSite GSM BTS integrated Transmission Hub

4 x 2 Mbit/s

16 x 2Mbit/s

NSN UltraSite GSM


BTS

up to 4 ITN

transmission units per


BTS
more interfaces by BTS
chaining

4 x 2 Mbit/s
Copper

Up to 48 x 2 Mbit/s

Add Drop Capacity

Soc Classification level


44
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

NSN
UltraSite
GSM BTS

Embedded
Transmission
Hub

Flexbus Applications

Versatile "Transmission pipe" to connect


Microwave radios (FlexiHopper/MetroHopper)
with indoor units
indoor units to each other
e.g. Flexi EDGE BTS, UltraSite EDGE BTS,,
MetroSite BTS, MetroHub, FIU 19(E), 3G
Flexi WBTA, 3G UltraSite/MetroSite BTS

Only one coax cable instead of

dozens increases the reliability


Capacity 16X2M
Cross connections configured by Element
Manager SW

Soc Classification level


45
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812-14A

Flexbus