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ANATOLIA WATERSHED

REHABILITATION PROJECT

AGRICULTURAL POLLUTION CONTROL IN


BLACKSEA

Dr. mer Faruk Mutlu


October 23 25, ANKARA

TURKEY

Total area 780.000 km2

Population 72 million

34 % of total population of Turkey live in rural


areas.

According to year 2001 agricultural census


results; 71 % of rural population in our
country have operations of agricultural
activities.
2

Agricultural Structure
Area
(million
ha)

% of
agricultural
area

Total Area

66.9

Agricultural Area

21.8

Cereals

15.2

69.9

Vegetables Flower

0.6

2.7

Permanent crops

2.4

11.0

Fallowing Lands

3.7

17.2

Irrigated Area

5.2

23.9

Natural meadow
Unused potential areas

14.6
1.9
3

STOCKBREEDING

Total Cattle

Total Poultry

NUMBER(Million DISTRIBUTIO
)
N
10.6

297

Turkey

5.9

Duck

0.8

Goose

1.3

Total Sheep

25.3

Goat

6.6

Donkey

0.3

Mule

0.1

NUMBER

< 1 year

2.6

< 2 year

2.9

>
2
year
dairy cattle

4.6

Other cattle

0.5

Broilers

238.1

Egg

58.8

Adults

12.6

Lamb

12.7

PROJECT AREA

OBJECTIVE

The Project will reduce, over the


long-term, the discharge of nutrients
(nitrogen and phosphorus) and other
agricultural
pollutants
into
the
surface and ground waters of Turkey
and
the
Black
Sea
through
integrated
land
and
water
management
and
ecologically
sustainable use of natural resources.
6

OBJECTIVE

increasing the use of environmentally


friendly agricultural practices and
thereby reducing nutrient discharge
particularly from agricultural sources to
the Black Sea
strengthening national policy and local
regulatory capacity to meet European
Union (EU) standards for agricultural
nutrient pollution control
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Main Components of the Agricultural Pollution


Control in Blacksea

Manure Management
Nutrient Management
Water and Soil Quality Monitoring
Organic Farming
Nitrate Directive Implementation

MANURE MANAGEMENT

By October 20, 2007, a total of 126 farm type


manure storage (for more than 10 cattle) and
77 household type manure stores (for up to 5
cattle) have been completed.

Six large central manure storage and handling


facilities,
Samsun, Amasya, Tokat and in
orum
microcatchment
have
been
completed.

Machinery (container carriers, solid manure


spreaders, manure mixers, liquid manure
vacuum tankers and loader tractors have been
procured and are in use.
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10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

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BIOGAS

Biogas introduction studies were


launched.

Within this scope 2 demonstration


facilities are under construction.

29

BIOGAS

30

BIOGAS

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NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

Soil Analysis

Manure Analysis

Manure Application Software


32

SOIL AND MANURE ANALYSS

Project Provincial Teams were trained


related to Soil Sampling Techniques.
All needed chemical substances for
analysis in the scope of the Project was
provided to Soil and Fertilizer Research
Institute.
Soil and manure analysis was launched
and 400 soil and 20 manure analysis from
the project fields had been analyzed.
Soil and manure analysis will be
accelerated according to application of
manure management.
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Soil sampling from the fields within the Project


Scope.
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35

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Water and Soil Quality Monitoring


The team has developed a detailed lab
handbook for procedures so that analysis
procedures by all labs are harmonized .
The labs are provided with necessary
chemicals
and
supplies,
instrument
capacity strengthened. Both regional and
provincial labs are taking necessary
samples and conducting water and soil
analysis. The data gathered so far will be
used to develop a baseline.
37

Water and Soil Quality Monitoring

Within project microcatchments,


there are 33 points for surface water
samples, 32 points for ground water
sampling and 2 points from natural
fountains. Water is being analyzed
monthly and quarterly for pH,
temperature,
dissolved
oxygen,
turbidity , suspended solids , nitrate,
TN, TP and fecal coliform.
38

Water Quality Monitoring Baseline

Ground water Nitrate Pollution results for samples


taken from orum microcatchment (Values in mg/L) 39

Water Quality Monitoring Baseline

Ground water Nitrate Pollution results for samples


40
taken from Amasya microcatchment (Values in mg/L)

Water Quality Monitoring Baseline

Ground water Nitrate Pollution results for samples


taken from Turhal microcatchment (Values in mg/L) 41

Water Quality Monitoring Baseline

Ground water Nitrate Pollution results for samples


taken from Samsun lyasl microcatchment (Values in42

Nitrate pollution monitoring sampling stations (surface waters /


ground
waters)
548/yer
ground
water,izlemesi
1026 surface
water
and total 1574
Nitrat (yzey
sular
alt sular)
rnekleme
noktalar
sampling
stations.
548 yer alt,1026
yzey, toplam 1574
43

ORGANIC FARMING
With respect to organic farming, the project
organized training for 38 farmers and 32 provincial
staff from the four project provinces in Izmir where
organic fruit production is well established.
Subsequently
three training sessions were
organized for training of the trainers on organic
farming.
An accredited control and certification services
company had been contracted to initially help in
organizing the organic fruit growing in the project
area and later in certification.
44

ORGANIC FARMING

3 Organic walnut field had been established in 3


different microcatchments with 10 hectare, 1
hectare and 30 hectare dimensions.

In a microcatchment, 40 hectares walnut field


belong to 77 farmers, had been converted into
Organic Farming.

Interest to Organic Farming and related requests


to Project Management continuously increases.

45

ORGANIC FARMING

An accredited certification company contracted for


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organic Farming.

ORGANIC FARMING

Works after harvest


47

ORGANIC FARMING

First organic transition product

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TRAINING

In the scope of the project, inner


personnel trainings and farmer trainings
were carried out.
In Project provinces, project provincial
teams have been trained continuously.
Besides, trainings related to project were
not limited to the project provinces and
participation from other provinces was
provided.
Until now, more than 800 farmers have
been informed about the project, nitrate
pollution and manure management.
In the coming months, farmer trainings
will focus on manure and nutrient
management.
49

TRAINING

Training materials

Laboratory analysis handbook


Soil analysis handbook
Nutrient Management
Nutrient Management Plan
Manure Application Software
Manure
Manure Management
Compost management
Determination and control of Agricultural Pollution
Water pollution monitoring studies
Soil sampling and evaluation of analysis results
Soil sampling and evaluation of analysis results
Biogas
Climate change
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An instantaneous view from one of the continuous


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farmer trainings

FINANCE AND APPLICATION HISTORY

AGRICULTURAL POLLUTION CONTROL (GEF


GRANT)
GEF (GRANT)
: 7.000.000 $
PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION
: 2.560.000 $
TOTAL
: 9.560.000 $
CALENDAR
PROJECT ACTIVITIES LAUNCHED IN JANUARY
2005 AND WILL BE FINISHED BY THE END OF
2012
52

DISBURSEMENTS
GEF
Grant
(USD)

Public
contribution
(USD)

2005

475.612

176.870

652.482

2006

1.050.278

304.018

1.354.296

2007 (until
October)

1.004.450

354.523

1.358.973

Grand Total

2.530.340

835.411

3.365.751

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