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NATURAL FARMING

PIGGERY

ERIC TINOYAN

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THE HOUSE AND THE BED


The house is well ventilated
structure and beddings is a one
meter deep backfilled with soil,
salt, sawdust or coco coir dust
mixed/sprayed with concoction or
cocktail of beneficial
microorganism, the most common
of which is lactobacillus the same
found in yogurt.
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This method will provide


the animal the natural
food, nutrient and
minerals that they need
from the soil. The pig are
allowed to follow their
instinct of rooting and
digging.
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Location of the piggery


Should be windy (hindi mainit)
Flood free (hindi bahain kahit malakas ang
ulan)
Pag nag hukay ka ng 1 meter walang
tubig na lumalabas
Easy access to areas with grass and
plants
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Low cost housing


south
East long side of the house

SPLIT TYPE ROOFING


FOR VENTILATION

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north

Pig Pen Bedding


One meter deep backfilled with sawdust or

coconut coir dust, soil and salt. Mix at the ratio


100:50:03 sacks/kg and spray 5 tbsp of IMO,
FPJ, FAA OHN, LABS to 5 liter of water to
control moisture

Size : 1.5 square meter per pig


(4 x 5 is about 500 sacks of
sawdust mixture)
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Different
housing
design

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Dig 1 meter deep. Divide into three layer.


Fill up first layer with coconut husk, rice hull,
Second layer dried leaves
Third layer sawdust, wood chips or bark and soil.
Add 0.30% of sea salt.
Use FPJ, LAB,IMO and other inputs to ferment the
feces on the floor.50 ml /concoction
Pigs feed on the fermented excretion, so they dig and
have soil bath.
They have no skin diseases.
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Microorganism
and pigs establish a cooperative
relationship.

Dried leaves

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Decomposed rice hull may be used on the first


Layer of the bedding

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Bath tub

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Put salt on soil

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west
east

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Sawdust, soil and salt


ratio 100:50:03

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Choosing piglets for fattening


Buy from conventional farms (breeders) to
assure its high breed and quality
Must be more than 45 day old piglet
Must have been vaccinated against hog
cholera, de-wormed, if male castrated
Assurance of feeding on conventional
feeds for weaning program
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Dito lang sila magdumi

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WEANING FEEDS (45-60 day old)


Rice bran mix to 50 kilos / 5 kilo assorted plants
and herbs

FPJ - 250ml ABC avocado/ bayabas/caimito


FPJ GROUP 1 150 ml
FPJ GROUP 2 150 ML
FFJ - 250ml (Papaya and Banana-Tundan)
FAA - 200 ml
LABS 300 ml (pasteurized)
WATERER: Mix to FIVE liters of water OHN Garlic
50ml/Ginger 50ml/Onion 50ml
Mix in in drinking water (for 15 days)
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Feed Nutrient Value

Rice bran ( kuno- D1-darak-tiki-tiki) carbohydrate


Plants of biomass (banana-potassium / kangkongfast growing cell / talbos ng kamote chloropylle
LABS- whey or lactose plasma protein (milk)
prepare with care. Pasteurized.
Fermented coconut (sapal) essential oil
Vegetables micro nutrients FPJ (oregano), OHN
(garlic)
Calcium phosphate bones / CALCIUM from
eggshells to be added to the feeds after 60 days
from birth.
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Feed Ratio
3 sacks of rice bran (D1-kuno-darak-tiki2-Apa)
galing sa malaking rice mill (about 50 kilo/sack)
Sacks plants and vegetables
(approximately 5 to 7 kilo of different kind of plants)

Plants
50 % legumes 18-27 crude protein
30% Vegetables with mineral nutrient
20% herbal nutrient & mineral
1 liter each- IMO, FPJ, FFJ, LAS, OHN, FAA
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sacks of plants
Approximately 12 to 15 kilo

2 sack of rice bran 100 kilo

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PREPARING THE GRANULES


BY MIXING 2.5 LITERS OF LIQUID
SUPPLEMENT TO 5 KILO RICEBRAN

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Feed mixture

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DESIGNING HOMEMADE FEEDS


Process

materials

Keep in plastic
containers

Leave to ferment for 3


days

Mixing like
cement
Making
granules
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Mix all dry

Feed to

Shredded plants for feeds

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THE WATERER
Water must be available all the time
whenever the pigs needs them. So
establish a water system where the pigs
can take a drink anytime of the day. This
keeps the temperature of the pigs body at
its normal level. Water should be mix OHN
(garlic 50%/ginger 25%/onion25%) in the
water container.

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Pig problem

Never feed pigs sitao (these are toxic to pigs)


Do not use rice hull, gemelina sawdust
Bad odor comes from bad feeds! Or wet
beddings
Use only D1 or tiki-tiki
Use 10% of copra meal is the maximum. More
will cause LBM. Give OHN GINGER!
CALL YOUR VETS IF PROBLEMS PERSIST
MORE THAN FIVE DAYS.
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The manure
eight heads is equivalent of an average of
4-5 cubic meters of manure with in 4
months.
Enough to fertilized 750 square meters of
water melon.

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FEED LESS; INCREASE FEED


EFFICIENCY
Nowadays most of the diseases pigs
suffer come from overeating. Pigs eat as
much as they are given. Farmers tend to
overfeed their pigs. With weaken
digestive system grown with powdered
milk. Pigs do not absorb all they eat.

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INDIGOFERA

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Trichantera gigantea (madre de


aqua) Fodder tree

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FLAMENGA

ALUGBATI

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malungggay

Intensive feed garden


talinum-flamenga-rensonimalungay
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vegetable & feed garden

Alugbati
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Capsicum
(chili)

alusiman

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TALINUM
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oregano

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malunggay

flamengia

talinum

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This Azola pond produces 150 kilos on a sunny day.


It can multiply five times it size within five day

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AZOLA PUT IN NET (MOSQUITO NET)


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AZOLA/Crude protein 22.7


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SOW
and PORK PRODUCTIVITY

With an average litter size of 10, most


sow cannot produce enough milk
beyond 21 days of nursing TO
ALLOW THE PIGLET to express the
genetic potential in weight gain.

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FARROWING UNIT
WIDTH 405cm
LENGTH 360cm
Floor is made of concrete to prevent
piglets from crushing to death.
5 to 6 cm of soil is covered on top and is
treated with OHN,LABS, FPJ AND IMO
Piglets eat green grass and soil with their
mother so they have strong intestines.
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Gilt, sow and piglet


management.
NF pigs fed with a lot of fiber mature early.
Gilts can have offspring only 6 months
after birth. But the first pregnancy of gilts
should be neither too early nor late.
They should not reach 100-150 kg before
pregnancy
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2
1

Base of the tail

Hearthgirth x heartgirth x length = weight in pounds


400

= wt. in pounds
2.2
= weight in kilograms

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piglets eat green grass and soil with their


mother, so they have strong intestines.

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At age 14 days, piglets are offered clean soil.

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THE VEGETARIAN MOMS


Mother brood piglet to eat vegetables, we
introduce soft plants such as talinum,
kangkong and alugbati rich in minerals.
After 30 - 45 days we introduce protein
rich plants. And 60 day old piglet is
introduce to calcium phosphate from
bones and calcium from eggshells.
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Farmer often observed poor


feed consumption and weight
gain, scours, and mortality with
early weaned piglets.

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The technology
The advancement in fermentation

technology crystalline amino acids


have greatly enhance the
feasibility of substituting fish meal
or animal protein to plant source
protein in pig starter diet.

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Oil will float after three days.

Yield of 10 coconut is about 60%


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Medicinal products
phytotherapeutic
Plant extract and
essences

Homeopathic
Plant
Animal
Mineral subtances
Trace elements

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Saponins from azola


Saponins improve the permeability of the
gut membrane, leading to a better
absorption and retention of nutrients.

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Pungent substances
Capsicum / Chili or siling labuyo is the
most important genus of plants containing
pungent substances and also garlic and
onion contain pungent substances. They
are well known for their ability to increase
the blood circulation leading to improved
metabolic process and detoxification.

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Flavonoids - FPJ Oregano /


Lemongrass and OHN garlic/ginger
Flavonoids are large group of plant pigments with many

beneficial effects such as the regulation of capillary permeability.


Importance of flavonoids has led to their being named Vitamin P
(permeability)

Its common use for cold and infection immune support, diabetes,
hepatitis, arthiritis, gout, blood pressure, blood purifier, high
triglycerides, irritable bowel movement, bronchitis, cough and
indigestion among humans.

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MALUNGGAY

PROTINA
CALCIUM
CARBOHYDRATES
BITAMINA A
IRON
BITAMINA B
BITAMINA C
FIBER
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KANGKONG / ALUGBATI
CALCIUM
BITAMINA A
IRON
BITAMINA C
FIBER

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PROTINA
body building and tissue repair

cauliflower
Batao
Bawang
Kadyos
Malunggay
Munggo

Paayap (cow pea)


Patani
Saluyot
Spinach
Togue
Utaw (soybean)

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CALCIUM / VITAMIN A
/ IRON

Alugbati
Dahon ng gabi
Kadyos
Kamote
Kangkong
Letsugas (lettuce)
Malunggay
Munggo

Mustaza
Paayap (cow pea)
Petsay
Repolyo
Saluyot
Utaw (soybean)
Dahon ng sili
Dahon ng carrots
Dahon ng labanos

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APPLY MADRE DE KAKAO with


KAKANG GATA TO CONTROL MITES
AND OTHER SKIN DISEASES

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OHN-GARLIC or GINGER
BEER is used to treat intestinal flu / scours
1 Kilo of garlic (crushed with skin)
2 320ml Beer pilsen
500 ml virgin coconut oil (optional)
Pour two bottle of beer. Garlic first. Ferment
for three days. Strain garlic beer and mix
same quantity of VCO.
Application: First sign of LBM 2 to 3 tbsp
twice a day.
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FARM MANAGEMENT
POINTERS IN MAKING YOUR OWN FEEDS:
Prepare in the evening if possible.
Observe cleanliness.
Always measure to get the right proportion and ratio.
Taste the feeds. If you like it the pig will like it too.
Rice bran should be fresh and sweet tasting. Dont feed
stale rice bran, dont feed to pigs. Use it for imo5.
Always check feeding tray/box every time you change
feed if feed is consumed.

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Average weight
SOW 120 KILOS
Birth weight : 1.5 to 2
kilos piglets
FEEDS AVERAGE:
3 SACKS PER PIG
5/20/125
NF1 (pre-starter) NF2
Change-over period
and finisher

45 DAYS - 12 KGS
2-3 MO - 45 KGS
3-4 MO - 55 KGS.
4-5 MO -65 KGS

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NATURAL FARMING FEEDS IS A


PLANT SOURCE PROTEIN

Its a combination of highly effective

essential oils complex and plant


based substance that optimize
performance by enhancing the
retention of all essential nutrients and
minerals.
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All of these are mutually


compatible with one
another and coexist in
liquid culture.

When applied to soil as an


inoculant, these
microorganism function
cooperatively to exert
beneficial effects on soil
quality.
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Some of the microorganism in


the CONCOCTION are known
to produce bioactive substance
such as vitamins, hormones,
enzymes and antibiotics that
can directly or indirectly,
enhance plant and animal
growth and protection.
It has also many uses for
environmental applications.

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Malungay, ampalaya leaves bitter


substance affect through the
vegetative nervous system at the
digestive organs, stimulating the
production and secretion of digestive
juices.

The direct contact of bitter substances


with the gastric juices such as pepsin
and hydrochloric acid to increase.
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Contains a combination of active


saponins, sterol triterpine
glycosides extracted from natural
plant sources, combined with
condensed lactobacillus
fermentation solubles.
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This results in a pre-digested source


of highly available active ingredients
that may be used to effectively control
manure odors by using the animals
own digestive system through
increased assimilation of the feed
ingredients, which results in
substantially lowering undigested
wastes ammonia and H2S gases in the
final animal manures.
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added to your feed mix at the


recommended rates, it will result in a
highly digestible, nutritious and
palatable product with outstanding
benefits.
ingredients are associated with
improved livestock and poultry
performance and are responsible for
reducing up to 50% of manure odors
in animal housing, ponds, pits and
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direct manure and animal housing


treatment program to prevent and
virtually eliminate the balance of
manure odor related problems
treated wastes would than provide
you with a relatively odor free bioactive source of organic fertilizer,
nutrients and organic matter,
essential for plant growth and soil
fertility.
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Homemade NF Feeds

We cut down the use of commercial feed by as

much as sixty percent (60%) But feed is not just


simply made from material lying around. That is why
commercial feed is incorporated during the early
stage (0-50 days old) up to thirty percent.
The point of NF feed is to convert waste into
resources. Piglets used to eating green grass
become strong, so that means less money for feed.
Pigs fed with a lot of fiber mature early. Gilt can
have offspring in only six (6) months after birth. But
the first pregnancy of gilts should be neither too
early nor late. They should not reach 100-150 kilo
before pregnancy.
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Phased out feeding program


Early weaned piglets or thirty (30-38) days old

weaned piglets are fed first with pre-starter


commercial feeds available for fifteen (15) days to
give the piglets a good start.
Late weaned piglets or forty (40-45) days old
weaned piglets are fed first with starter
commercially feeds for ten (10) days to give them
a good start.
This feeding program assures weight of above
seventy five kilos after six months from birth.
And also sixty five to eighty percent less on cost
of feeds.
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Phased 1 & 2 Following the


Nutritive Cycle Theory of Animal
1. Phase out feeding
Life
program on conventional
feeds:

1st week
Com. Feeds 70%
Nat. Feeds 30%

3rd week
Com. Feeds
30
Nat. Feeds 70%

2nd week
Com. Feeds 50%
Nat. Feeds 50%

4th week
Natural feeds 100%

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FERMENTED GROUP 2
Other micro nutrient and minerals
FPJ-vegetables & plants: Ratio 1:1
2 kilo young banana trunk and shoots
2 kilo bamboo shoots shoots
2 kilo kangkong / talbos ng kamote green/red

FFJ) fruits: Ratio 1:1 use mascuvado sugar


2 kilo mix papaya ripe and green
2 kilo mix ripe banana tundan lacatan or saba

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FERMENTED GROUP 3 Additional


Protein and amino acid from whole fish
and Golden Apple Snails (GSA)

Whole fish, guts and entrails


Ratio 1:1
Live kuhol (GSA)
Ratio 1:1
Prepare the material at night time to prevent
fly and other flying insect from breeding.
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GROUP 4 Immune and protective


system of the animals health
2 liters of Lactic Acid Bacteria Serum
you need about four liters of milk enough
for 200 kilo of feeds Recovery 50 to 60
percent.
Oriental Herbal Nutrient about two kilo of
ginger and one kilo of garlic to six liters of
gin.

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Feed mixture comes into two


different mixture according to
Nutritive Cycle Theory
NF ONE is a mixture of fermented protein rich
plants (FPJ) included in our Group 1 & Group
2 category to ensures that animals take in the
essential nutrients required under different
physiological states of the animal.
NF TWO is a mixture of different bio-liquid for
the essential nutrients required under the
nutritive cycle theory such as calcium
phosphate and calcium
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NF1 PREPARATION 1
Mix 5 liters of GROUP1 to 100 kilo rice bran divide
into small batches or five parts 10/20/30/40
Procedure:
Mix 5 liters to 10 kilo rice bran then add 20 / 30 / 40
to evenly distribute the liquid then add 1 kilo of salt.
Until you completely mix 100 kilo of rice bran to the
mixture. Take a handful when you squeeze, it
should not ball.
Put the mixture inside a plastic container with
cover. Set aside for the second mixture.
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NF1 PREPARATION 2

Rice bran : 100kg


200 ml Group2
300 ml LABS
300 ml FFJ (papaya / banana)
200 ml of FAA
200 ml of KAA
100 ml OHN-garlic
100 ml OHN-ginger
100 ml FPJ-Labong
Total 1500ml
Aerate again for one hour with
aquarium pump and mix rice
bran into four batch
10/20/30/40 total 100 kilos

Prepare Group 2 plants by

cutting into small pieces


1 kilo each of the following
plants or vegetables
Kangkong / Kamote tops/
Alugbati red/green / kulitis /
saluyot / malunggay

Mix plants and rice bran


mixture.

Then mix the protein

mixture. Thoroughly in
batches.
20 / 40 / 60 / 80
Total 200 kilos of rice bran

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NF2 FEED MIXTURE


Start NF2 feed formula by adding calcium
phosphate and calcium into NF1 mixture (80115 days from birth about 60 kilo in weight)
Dont forget to give freshly cut grass, vegetables
and herbs to pigs during day time as snacks.

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Merienda
Merienda time is the most awaited meal of
our pigs.
Clean water = 60%
NF feeds = 30 %
Concoction = 10 % (FPJ- banana trunk /
FAA / FFP papaya) plants or fruits
abundant in your area
Mix together all ingredients. Best feeding
time is 10am and 2 pm
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How to make your own home made


feeds
1. Collect the plants early in the morning

best after the rain


2. Collect only the young shoots
3. Best time to mix and make the
ingredients at night time to prevent it from
flying insects.

Animal consume about 2 to 3 sacks of


NF1-2 feeds (60-75 days from birth is
about 40-60 kilo in weight)
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TROUBLE SHOOTING
Did I do it right?
How do I know that the mixture is becoming organic
fermented feeds?
The SMELL. When the mixture is becoming sour
sweet, then the mixture is successful. Container
must be filled and kept airtight for 3 days for
fermentation under anaerobic condition before
feeding to animals.
Remember foul or bad smell means bad procedure.
Avoid using a large container for small amount.
Avoid exposing to direct sunlight.
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FOUL ODOR
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Bad feed / wet bedding / no beneficial
microbes
SOLUTIONS
Do not used fish meal / improve dripper
drainage.
Increased beneficial microbes in water and
feeds
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Rashes on pigs
Sitao in feeds
To much kakawate or Ipil ipil
Rice hull in the bedding
Mites keep bedding moist not dry. Isolate
infected animal.
Coat animal with kakawate paste mix with
coconut milk.
They love it!
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What is the white molds in


feeds?

The most important thing is to maintain

mixture in the anaerobic state. If white


molds appears on top of the feed dont worry,
they are useful actinomyces, filamentous
bacteria and yeast. Its a selected microorganism such as lactic acid bacteria, yeast,
photosynthetic bacteria and actinomyces.
Disregard feed mixture or used it as fertilizers
when molds appear to be green to black color.
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Component of our NF feed:

Using fermented plant protein liquid mix with rice


bran as an acidifier and enhances significant
performance of the feeds and has pleasant
pickled sweet smell.
High protein liquid from plant protein is the
product to produce a feed crumble that is ideally
as an acidifier.
It is also known to produce bioactive substances
such as vitamins, hormones, enzymes and
antibiotic that can directly or indirectly enhance
animal growth and protection from disease.
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HOW TO MAINTAIN AN ANAEROBIC


CONDITION OF YOUR FEEDS AND FOR
LONGER SHELFLIFE?

Close the lid tightly.


Use an appropriate container according to

the amount of feeds. Avoid using a larger


container for small amount of feeds or
transfer to small container or used inner
polyethylene plastic liner to tightly seal the
remaining contents of the feeds.
Wash the container thoroughly after every
use.
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Replacing Fish Meal


Replacing fish meal with a protein meal made from
golden apple snails hits two birds with one stone:
no more pest on rice and less dependence on the
dwindling natural fish stock that is converted into
fish meal is a big global issue since it is argued by
environmentalists that fish can be made to better
use by consuming them directly as human food
rather than converting them into higher value
products such as shrimps and salmon which are
no longer affordable to the poor.
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BENEFITS:
Improved growth rate
Decreased mortality rate
Improve quality of end-product (taste,
texture, etc.)
Prevents disease development and
epidemics

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medicinal value
FPJ Oregano / banaba / lagundi upper and lower

respiratory.
FPJ - Lemon grass/malungay
FPJ - dahon ng sili / hilaw na papaya lactation (for
sow)
FPJ- Avocado/ bayabas / caimito for LBM (piglet
age 45 to 70 days
OHN GARLIC for fever and antibiotic
KAA additional protein
LABS / digestive system
5 tbsp to 1 liter of water
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Fermented Coconut Meal


1 kilo of sun dried grated Coconut meat
(sapal- pinag-pigaan ng kakang gata )

1 kilo mascuvado sugar


Mix well and ferment for (3) three days. Add
or incorporate to feeds at five or ten
percent inclusion during feeding time.
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Minerals and other nutrients

Kangkong
10 to 15 cuttings
Kamote tops
10 to 15 cuttings
Talinum
10 to 15 cuttings
Malunggay
10 to 15 cuttings
Alugbati (red) 5 to 10 cuttings
Alugbati (green)
5 to 10 cuttings

About 30 kilos of leaves daily


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COST ANALYSIS
WEANED AGE = 38 DAYS OLD
NF FEEDS 1 = AGE 38 TO 80

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FEED GARDEN
270 SQ.M. TO 1,000 SQ.M
8 TO 25 PIGLET

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Herbs and weeds


Oregano
Sambung
Lemongrass
Lagundi
Banaba
Kaimito
Bayabas

5 to 10 cuttings
5 to 10 cuttings
5 to 10 cuttings
5 to 10 cuttings
2 to 5 cuttings
1 cuttings/tree
1 cuttings/tree
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FPJ - Minerals

Kangkong
Kamote tops
Talinum
Malunggay
Alugbati (red)
Alugbati (green)

2 kilo
2 kilo
2 kilo
2 kilo
1 kilo
1 kilo

Mix 5 kilo of molasses or 2/1 ratio


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FPJ High Protein


RENSONI
FLEMENGA
INDIGOFERA
TRICHANTERA

6 kilos
3 kilos
3 kilos
3 kilos

Mix with 7 kilo of molasses and ferment for


10 days
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Cost and Return


Conventional

Piglet
Feed Cost
Ttl Cost
P60/70kg
Income
P60/80kg
Income

1500
3000
4500
4200
-300
4800
300

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NF Pigs
1500
1500
3000
4200
1200
4800
1800

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Thank you!
09168268649

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