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CH # 2

RESPONSE TO HARMONIC
EXCITATION
Lecture # 13
ME 417: Mechanical Vibration

Harmonic Excitations
Difference from Free Vibrations:
(i) Mathematically
(ii) physically (example: swing & think in terms of energy conservation)
Relation to Resonance
Harmonic Excitations: Sinusoidal external force of a single

frequency applied to system the system


Examples
Unbalanced Car Wheel
Rotating machines e.g. fans, electric motors and reciprocating engines, helicopter

rotor
Swing

Simpler Mathematical Models


Relevance to General Periodic Disturbances (CH # 3)
Applications:
Vibration Suppression systems
Vibration Measuring Devices (Transducers)
Measuring Vibration Properties e.g. Mass & Stiffness

Harmonic Excitations: Undamped System

Solution = homogeneous + particular

Harmonic Excitations: Undamped System

I.C s:

Typical Response: Without-Resonance

Beats

Resonance
Why not Xsint ?

Do the derivation !

General Soln

(derived earlier for when n was not equal to


Valid when n is equal to