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Agricultural Informatics & Communication

Perspective and prospective

M.V.S. Sarma
Agricultural Informatics Division
National Informatics Centre
Department of Information Technology

Indian Agriculture
Agriculture Sector is changing the
socio-economic environments of the
population due to liberalization and
globalization
About 75% people are living in rural areas and
are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43%
of Indias geographical area is used for
agricultural activity
Agriculture continues to play a major role in
Indian Economy

Indian Agriculture
Provides about 65% of the livelihood
Accounts for 27% of GDP
Contributes 21% of Total Exports, and Supplies
Raw materials to Industries
Growth Rate in production - 5.7%
Food grains production 211.17 mt

Indias position in world Agriculture


Rank

Total Area
Irrigated Area
Population
Economically Active population
Total Cereals
Wheat
Rice
Coarse grains
Total Pulses
Oil Seeds
Fruits and Vegetables
Implements (Tractors)
Milk
Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes)

Seventh
First
Second
Second
Third
Second
Second
Fourth
First
Second
Second
Third
First
First

Agricultural Resources

Total Geographical Area (TGA) 329 M.H


Potential for Biological Production - 265 M.H
Net Sown Area (NSA) 143 M.H
Net Irrigated Area
56 M.H
Area threatened by land degradation - 50% of TGA
Drought-prone Area - 190 M.H

Mile Stones in Agricultural


Development

Green Revolution (1968)


Ever-Green Revolution (1996)
Blue Revolution (water, fish)
White Revolution (Milk)
Yellow Revolution (flower, edible)
Bio-Technology Revolution
ICT Revolution

Development of Indian Agriculture :


Basic Issues

Revitalization of Cooperative Institutions


Improving Rural Credits
Research, Education & Extension
Human Resources Development
Trade & Export Promotion
Land Reforms
Enabling Environment for higher
Agricultural Growth

The thrust areas:

Diversification of Agriculture
Inter-cropping
Micro Management
Water Management
Organic Farming
Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centres
Bio-Technology

Efforts on Policies, strategies and


Frameworks

National Agriculture Policy (2000)


National Seeds policy (2002)
Cooperative Policy
Agricultural Price policy
Agricultural Extension Framework (2001)
WTO/GATT agreement (1994)
In addition to, various working groups, taskforces,
mid-term appraisals and plan schemes (~68)

(for further details www.agricoop.nic.in)

Reports
Agriculture Credit, Cooperation and Crop
Horticulture Development including Spices Aromatic and
Medicinal Plants and Plantation Crops
Agriculture Infrastructure/Warehousing/Rural
Godowns/Marketing/Post Harvest Management, Processing and
Cold Storage, Trade and Export Promotion.
Crop Husbandry, Demand and Supply Projections and
Agricultural Inputs Agriculture Research and Education
Animal Husbandry & Dairying
Agriculture Statistics
Watershed Development, Rainfed Farming and Natural
Resources Management
|Agriculture Development in Eastern and North-Eastern India
Agriculture and Allied Sectors
Organic and Biodynamic Farming
(for further details www.planningcommission.nic.in)

Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural


Development

Biotechnology
Pre & post harvesting technology
Energy saving technology
Environment protection technology
Information and Communication technology
GIS & RS technology
Internet/Intranet Technology

Fusion of Technologies for Sustainable


Development - A Synergy of Multiple
Disciplines

Database Technology
Internet/Intranet Technology
GIS and Remote Sensing
Image Processing
GPS
Artificial Intelligence
Modeling

IT led Agricultural Development


Abeginning:
two day conference
(ISDA-1995 ) was held to
The
(e-readiness)
assess IT Infrastructure and empowerment
needs for IT led development in Agriculture
Sector (one of the major recommendations
was about 3% of the agriculture budget should
be spent on Informatics Development)

IT Plan for Agriculture Sector (AGRISNET) was


submitted to Ministry of Agriculture in 1997 to
establish Indian Agriculture on-line and
revised in 2000.

IT Applications for Agricultural Development


Requires Inter-Sectoral Approach

Agricultural Research
Agro-Meteorology
Agricultural Marketing
Agricultural Engineering &
Food Processing
Agricultural Extension and
Transfer of Technology
Credit and Cooperation
Crop production &
protection
Environment & Forest

Fertilisers and Manure


Fisheries
Irrigation and Drainage
System
Livestock, Dairy
Development & Animal
Husbandry
Rural Development &
Planning
Soil and Water Management
Watershed Development
Wasteland Development

Ministry of Agriculture
Resource Information

Marketing Census
Coop.

Crops
Credit

Hort

Mach.

Exten.
PPQ

States / Uts / Districts


Fert

DM

PP
RFS
TMOP

IRS

Attached/subordinate offices

FARMER
ICAR Institutes

DACNET

AGRISNET

DAC
Portals

AgRIS

ARISNET

IT plan for Agriculture


To strengthen IT in Agriculture and creation of
Databases & Information Network for Agriculture
Sector : The plan was divided into three schemes by DAC
Central Sector Schemes proposed
DAC Hqrs
Networking of DAC Field Units (DACNET)
State & District and Sub-District level
(AGRISNET)

Present Status of IT Scheme (s) of DAC:


Various Components emerging as one scheme:

IT apparatus in DAC Hqrs.


IT apparatus in the Field offices and Directorates
of DAC (DACNET) Phase II
Development of Agricultural Informatics and
Communication
Agricultural Resources Information
System
IT apparatus for States/UTs (AGRISNET) and
Agricultural Marketing Information Network
(AGMARKNET) Phase II

Information Systems Requirement in


Agriculture
GIS/RS based Systems:
Soil and Land use
Watershed developments
Disaster management
Cropping systems
Agriculture Resources Information
Organic farming (bio-fertilisers)
Crop weather watch

Decision Support Systems

Integrated Nutrient Management


Integrated Pest Management
Demand-Supply Projections
Soil-Water balance
Credit Management
Inter-cropping systems
Bio-fertilizer management
Early Warning System

E-Commerce Applications
Agri-Business
(Agri-clinics and Agri-Business Centres)
Agricultural Marketing
Agricultural Trade
Cooperatives
Horticulture
(horticulture, floriculture, sericulture, aquaculture etc,. )

Organic farming
Agriculture Statistics

Ongoing ICT Projects of DAC


DACNET
(dacnet.nic.in)
AGMARKNET (agmarknet.nic.in)
PPIN (cib/rc) (cibrc.nic.in)
VISTARNET
AGRICULTURAL CENSUS
NADAMS (National Agricultural Drought
Advisory and Management Systems)
HORTNET

Projects Under Pipeline:

AGRISNET
AgRIS (Resources Information System)
Development of Agricultural Informatics
DACNET (phase II)
AGMARKNET (Phase II)
Agricultural Census 2000-2001

Other ICT projects of Agriculture


APHNET (Animal Production and Health
Informatics Network)
ARISNET (Agricultural Research and
Information System)
Water Resources Informatics System
APEDA
NPRE etc.,

Towards e-Government in DAC

A High Speed LAN established with more than 500


nodes (round the clock services)
INTRANET/INTERNET applications are being
implemented as part of e-Government
Regular use of VC for scheme monitoring and plans
(X Five Year Plan proposals were discussed on VC
with all States)
7/24 Services provided during Orissa Super cyclone
Gujarat Earth Quake, drought mitigation
Implementations of Minimum Agenda of egovernance

Towards e-Government in DAC


(Contd.)

In-house Training Centre established


More than 800 officials trained in DAC
NICNET based Public Information and
facilitation Centre established
Information Kiosk
Various paid projects implemented like
Integrated Crops MIS, LAN etc.
ISDA Conference conducted for IT
assessment in Agriculture sector
IT Plan submitted for IXth and Xth Five
plans

Portals developed

AGMARKNET
DACNET
CIB/RC (PPIN)
VISTARNET*
Agricultural Census*

* Under development

DACNET
A Scheme for bringing E-Governance in the
Directorates and Field Units of Department of
Agriculture & Cooperation ( DAC)

With a Mandate to

Establish Functional Hardware/software tools


Provide training
Develop Application Software
Assist in further system enhancement, if required
Establish LAN / Network / Internet Service

Information Flow from Field Units


(DACNET)
Planners /
Decision makers

Marketing Census
Coop.

Crops
Credit

Hort

Directorates
databases
Mach.

Exten.
PPQ

Fert

NDM

PP
RFS

Plan-Co
TMOP

IC&Trade

SWC

Central Databases

Field
Offices

AGRISNET envisages
AGRISNET A NICNET Based
Agricultural Informatics &
Communication to facilitate Higher
Sustainable Agricultural productivity and
Establish Indian Agriculture on-line in
the Country
Convergence of Core Technologies and
e-Governance

AGRISNET envisages
IT Infrastructure
(H/W, S/W tools and Networking)
Information Networks
(Web sites, portals, Vertical portals)
Data Warehousing
(Database, Data Mining and Mata Data)
Web enabled applications
GIS/RS based applications
IT Empowerment (HRD)

AGRISNET components
Internet/Intranet services
E-Commerce & EDI Services
National & International Video
Conferencing
Networking (LAN, MAN, WAN) using
terrestrial, Satellite, & Wireless
Communication

AGRISNET components
IT Training
Data Base, Knowledge Base, and
Analytical Model Base development
for Decision Support
Disaster management

Sub-networks under AGRISNET

The following sub-networks will strengthen these portals:

FERTNET:
Fertilizer Network
HORTNET:
Horticulture Network
PPIN:
Plant Protection Network
VISTERNET: Agricultural Extension Network
CROPSNET : Crops Information Network
SEEDNET:
Seeds Informatics Network
ACINET:
Agricultural Credit Informatics Network
AGMARKNRT:Agricultural Marketing Network
ARISNET:
Agricultural Research Information System Network

To strengthen these sub-networks,


AGRISNET nodes will be established at
National, State, District, and Block level with
Internet/Intranet gateway at National and
regional level.
Agri-Clinic and Agri-business centres will
be set up outside the Government set up to
facilitate Un-employed agricultural graduates
to generate income and employment through
Knowledge services for farmers. The
emerging technologies on last mile
problems provide required technology
solutions to establish Agri-clinic and Agribusiness centres at sub district level

DACNET

Attached , Subordinate, Autonomous, Field Offices


State, District & Block Agricultural Offices

AGRISNET

Admn. Division

Workgroups

Mail Server

INTRADAC

Finance Div.

Internet Server
NRM Division

Database Server
Crops Division

Data Ware housing


Hort. Division

GIS Server

Agriculture On-line

Agricultural Resource Information


(core group V on Agriculture and Soils (NNRMS-AC-AS)).

Arid Agro-Ecosystem, Coastal AgroEcosystem, Hill & Mountain AgroEcosystem, Irrigated Agro-Ecosystem,
and Rainfed Agro-Ecosystem. The
pilot project demonstration, one district
each with various typologies (13) using
GIS/RS based Technology

In e-Governance, electronic means support


and stimulate good governance. E-Governance
will mature according to the following four
phases (Garter Report)
Information
Interaction

Presence : Websites

Intake Process: e-mail, search engines,


download forms and documents
Transaction
Complete Transactions: Network and
Information Security
Transformation Integration and Change: Virtual counter

e-Governance Imperatives
Service related

Accessibility
Width of reach

Affordability
by common man/
target customers

Communicability
in Peoples
Language

Service related

Availability
of Information across
multiple delivery
channels

Reliability
of transactions
across multiple
delivery channels

Viability
Economic and
political returns

Implementation
Related

Re-engineering
of Processes within
Government

Collaboration
among the servicing
departments

Trustworthy
Adequate security
and auditability

Creating stakeholders buy-in through internal/external communications

Diversification for Sustainable Agriculture


Efficient use of resources (Example, crops in
command area for rational sharing of water and also
types of crops as per availability of water)
Crop diversification in dark and grey areas where
groundwater exploitation is high (less water requiring
crop)
For sustainable land use and in areas of depleting soil
fertility (Example, Rice-wheat cropping)
For efficient natural resource management

Population and Food grains Needs


- The population as per latest census (2001-02), the
estimated population is 1033.5 million
- Requirement of food grains for Human consumption
is 174 m t (NIN, Hyderabad) and production
requirement is 195 mt
Therefore, our production is expected to be higher than
the requirement calculated on normative method

We have 26 per cent population below poverty who have poor


economic access to food grains. Their low purchasing power
may not permit them to purchase 182.5 kg per capita per
annum. If they can purchase only 70 per cent of their
requirements, this would imply availability of additional 15 mt
in the market
- Food Corporation has stocks of over 60 m t
against the norm of about 24 m t
- Average pulse production during IXth Plan is 13 mt,
the requirement of pulses is about 15 mt
- Rate of growth of consumption of Rice and
Wheat is expected to decline.
Therefore, the answer to first question is in affirmative. Then
we need to diversify our agriculture