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Tuesday 9/6/16

TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT


TO YOU
TODAYS

Sci-Spot Question:

7TH Grade: What is Energy?


Glue in Sci-Spot Handout on LEFT page if you
have not! Use your textbooks, to answer
question.
TODAY IS Summative TEST: Review when
done with Sci-Spot! (We missed Friday)

Wednesday 9/7/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT


TO YOU
TODAYS

Sci-Spot Question:

7TH Grade: What are the


different types of energy-list
at least 5 examples?
When

notes!

done read HW pages plus take

Thursday 9/8/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT


TO YOU
TODAYS

Sci-Spot Question:

7TH Grade: What does the Law of


Conservation of Energy say?
Glue in Sci-Spot Handout on LEFT page if you have
not! Use your textbooks, to answer question.
TODAY IS Summative TEST: Review when
done with Sci-Spot!

Friday 9/9/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT


TO YOU
TODAYS

Sci-Spot Question:

7TH Grade: Explain the


difference between Scientific
Theory and Scientific Law?
Find the page in your textbook!
TODAY is a Sci-Spot Quiz: Review all
questions when done!

Energy: Forms and Changes


HW:
Read and Take Notes on
Chapter 10-Lesson 1

What is Energy?

Round Robin

Take Turns sharing what you think.


Each student will write his answer
on the sticky note and pass it to the
next student.

Nature of Energy
Energy
You

is all around you!

can hear energy as sound.


You can see energy as light.
And you can feel it as wind.

Nature of Energy

You use energy


when you:
hit

a softball.
lift your book
bag.
compress a
spring.

Nature of Energy

Living organisms need


energy for growth and
movement.

Nature of Energy

Energy is involved
when:

a bird flies.
a bomb explodes.
rain falls from the
sky.
electricity flows in
a wire.

Nature of Energy

What is energy that it can be


involved in so many different
activities?
Energy can be defined as the
ability to do work.
If an object or organism does
work (exerts a force over a
distance to move an object) the
object or organism uses energy.

Nature of Energy
Because

of the direct connection


between energy and work,
energy is measured in the same
unit as work: joules (J).
In addition to using energy to do
work, objects gain energy
because work is being done on
them.

Energy Video S
tudy Jams

Types of Energy
(1.) Thermal Energy:

_______________________________________

27
TO4

(2.) Light Energy:


_______________________________________
(3.) Sound Energy:
_______________________________________
(4.) Electrical Energy:
_______________________________________
(5.) Chemical Energy:
_______________________________________
(6.) Nuclear Energy:
_______________________________________
7. Mechanical Energy: (2 Types Kinetic and Potential)
____________________________________________________
A. Kinetic - ____________________________________________
_

B. Potential - ___________________________________________

Potential vs. Kinetic Energy

Pearsonsuccessnet.com/Essential Q
uestion

The Law of Conservation of Energy

Energy can be neither created nor


destroyed by ordinary means.
It

can only be converted from one form


to another.
If energy seems to disappear, then
scientists look for it leading to many
important discoveries.

Law of Conservation of Energy

In 1905, Albert Einstein said that


mass and energy can be converted
into each other.
He showed that if matter is
destroyed, energy is created, and if
energy is destroyed mass is
created.
2
E = MC

Energy Continued

Law of Energy Video

Heat Energy

The internal motion of the atoms is


called heat energy, because moving
particles produce heat.
Heat energy can be produced by
friction.
Heat energy causes changes in
temperature and phase of any form
of matter.

Chemical Energy
Chemical

Energy is required to
bond atoms together.
And when bonds are broken,
energy is released.

Chemical Energy
Fuel

and food
are forms of
stored
chemical
energy.

Electromagnetic Energy

Power lines carry electromagnetic


energy into your home in the form of
electricity.

Electromagnetic Energy

Light is a form of
electromagnetic energy.
Each color of light (Roy G
Bv) represents a different
amount of
electromagnetic energy.
Electromagnetic Energy is
also carried by X-rays,
radio waves, and laser
light.

Nuclear Energy
The

nucleus
of an atom is
the source of
nuclear
energy.

Nuclear Energy

When the nucleus splits (fission),


nuclear energy is released in the
form of heat energy and light
energy.
Nuclear energy is also released
when nuclei collide at high speeds
and join (fuse).

Nuclear Energy
The suns energy
is produced from
a nuclear fusion
reaction in which
hydrogen nuclei
fuse to form
helium nuclei.

Nuclear Energy
Nuclear

energy is the
most
concentrated
form of
energy.
Most of us live within 10 miles of the Surry
Nuclear Power Plant which converts nuclear
energy into electromagnetic energy.
Into Eternity Nuclear Waste Movie

Mechanical Energy
Foldable Review
When

work is done to an object, it acquires energy.


The energy it acquires is known as mechanical
energy.
What are the two types of mechanical energy?
________________________
1. Potential 2. Kinetic

Energy Conversion

Energy can be changed from one


form to another.
Changes in the form of energy are
called _________________.
Energy conversions.

1. In an electric motor, electromagnetic


energy is converted into:__________.
Mechanical-kinetic energy.
2. In a battery, chemical energy is
converted into:__________________.
Electromagnetic/electrical energy.
3. The mechanical energy of a waterfall
is converted into:
__________________.
Electrical energy in a generator.

Energy conversions
All forms of energy can be converted
into other forms.
1. The suns electromagnetic energy
through solar cells can be converted
directly into______.
Electricity
2. Green plants convert the suns
energy (electromagnetic) into
____________.
Chemical energy, stored as potential
energy in starches and sugars.

Energy Conversions
1. In an automobile
engine, fuel is burned to
convert chemical energy
into
2. ___________.
Thermal/Heat/Sound
energy.
3. Some of heat energy is
then changed into
4. ______________
Mechanical/Kinetic energy.

Chemical Heat MechanicalKinetic

Class discussion Formula 1

What happens when Formula 1 Car

brakes or accelerates suddenly?


What engineering concept was
implemented to recycle energy?
What is KERS?

Class Discussion

1. Loss/waste of massive amounts of


energy as heat/sound
2. Formula 1 cars used a Kinetic
Energy Recovery System (KERS).
3. Energy Recycling usually lost heat
gets reused to aid in acceleration.

Energy Transformation examples

Activity Instruction: Use Quiet Low Level Voice


during all transitions and Group Work
Rally Table: Stand up Hand Up Pair UP- Find a
seat to cooperate with a partner;
Identify the form of energy that the picture
starts with and what it changes to.
If you finish early then come up with another
one on the back;
Prepare to share;

Label:
Convection/Conduction/Radiation
Look at the photo of the beach.
Round-Table:
1. Circle areas of thermal energy
exchanges .
2. Correctly label them either:
Convection/Conduction/Radiation
3. Answer question: What is the evidence
of convection you see?
4. Moving air that keeps kite flying and
sailboat moving;

Book Page 363

Conduction:
The sand to the childrens feet, the
swimming children to water, the cans of
soda to the ice of cooler
Radiation:
The sun, the charcoal in the grill;
Convection:
The ocean, air above the grill, air above
warm sand,

Energy Transformations

Open Your Book Pages 363


Figure 1
Page 361 Foldable
Conduction/Convection/Radiation
Kinetic movements Activity
(Hands in circles, Hands Touching
Hands Radiating
Homework Page 359
Heat Conduction/Convection/Radiati
on Video

FOLDABLE
Types of heat transfer
Radiation

Conduction

Convection

DRAW
PICTURE

DRAW
PICTURE

DRAW
PICTURE

Energy Transfer
Scientific Notebooks Page 11

Methods of energy transfer include:


Conduction-this includes objects in
direct contact.

Convection

The transfer of energy by the


movement of fluids (liquids or gas)
with different temperatures.
Results from the movement of
warm fluids.

Radiation

The transfer of energy by


electromagnetic waves.
Radiation does not require physical
contact between objects.

Energy Categories:

States of Energy

The most common energy


conversion is the conversion
between _______________.
Potential and kinetic energy.
All forms of energy can be in either
of two states:_________________
Potential
Kinetic

and

Guide Notes Continued:


Mechanical Energy
When

you

kick a
football, you
give
mechancal
energy to the
football to
make it move.

Mechanical Energy
When you throw a
bawling ball, you
give it energy.
When that bowling
ball hits the pins,
some of the
energy is
transferred to the
pins (transfer of
momentum).

States of Energy:
Kinetic and Potential Energy

Kinetic Energy is the energy of


__________.
Motion.
Potential Energy is____________
Stored energy.
Sum Total of Kinetic and Potential
energy of an object is__________
Constant.

Kinetic Energy
The faster an object moves, the
_____________________________.

More kinetic energy it has.


The greater the mass of a moving
object, the __________________.
More kinetic energy it has.
Kinetic energy depends on both
mass and velocity.

Kinetic Energy
K.E. = mass x velocity
2

What has a greater affect on kinetic


energy, mass or velocity/speed?
Why?
Terminal Velocity Sky Diving Video

Potential Energy

Potential Energy is stored energy.


Stored

chemically in fuel, the nucleus of


atom, and in foods.
Or stored because of the work done on
it:
Stretching a rubber band.
Winding a watch.
Pulling back on a bows arrow.
Lifting a brick high in the air.
Potential-energy Video

Gravitational Potential Energy

Potential energy
that is dependent
on height is called
gravitational
potential energy.

Potential Energy

Energy that is stored due to being


stretched or compressed is called
elastic potential energy.

Gravitational Potential Energy

A waterfall, a suspension bridge, and a


falling snowflake all have gravitational
potential energy.

Gravitational Potential Energy

If you stand on a
3-meter diving
board, you have 3
times the G.P.E,
than you had on a
1-meter diving
board.

Gravitational Potential Energy

The bigger they are the harder


they fall is not just a saying. Its
true. Objects with more mass have
greater G.P.E.
The formula to find G.P.E. is
G.P.E. = Weight X Height.

Kinetic-Potential Energy Conversion


Roller coasters work because of the energy that is
built into the system. Initially, the cars are pulled
mechanically up the tallest hill, giving them a great
deal of potential energy. From that point, the
conversion between potential and kinetic energy
powers the cars throughout the entire ride.

Kinetic vs. Potential Energy

At the point of maximum potential energy, the car has


minimum kinetic energy. Skate Park Video
Directions Video Skate Park Park Lab simulation/energyskate-park

Science Notebook p 17 Answer Questions 2, 3+ Conclusion

Kinetic-Potential Energy Conversions

As a basketball
player throws the
ball into the air,
various energy
conversions take
place.

Books Interactive Science p 52

Read:
Replication
Repeated Trials

Rally Table:
Students take turns
writing answers to
the questions on
the handout next
slide.
Next Students in
pairs presents their
answers in front of
class.

Ball slows down

Ball speeds up

Vocabulary Words
energy
mechanical energy
heat energy
chemical energy
electromagnetic energy
nuclear energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
energy conversion
Law of Conservation of Energy

Lesson 10.2 Temperature, Thermal


Energy and Heat

Book Pages HW 358/359 Review


Key Concept: Heat flows in
predictable ways, moving from
warmer objects to cooler ones until
they reach the same temperature.
Frozen Olaf Summer Song
Thermal Heat/Temperature
Video Thermal Energy Ice/Water
Concept for the Lab

Time

Beaker
with
ice
cold
water
Temp

30

60
..
Cont.

Stop
when
Temps
Read
same
temp in

Film
Canis
ter
Temp

Heat Exchange Lab


1.

2.

3.

4.

Decide on one graph to use for your


conclusion questions
Using the Level 1,2, & 3 question sheet
create a Level 2 & 3 question that another
group can answer based on your graph.
You should end up with a graph and two
questions.
Use the I PAD and open Popplet or Pic
Collage and take a photo of your graph
and add your questions to the graph.
Prepare to exchange with another group
and answer their questions.