Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

WARM UP 9/22/16

What do you know about China

(past or present)?

Happy World Rhino


Day!

HHS

I can describe the characteristics of the

four core beliefs of Ancient China.


I can create a list of characteristics for a
modern-day junzi.

BY THE END OF THE DAY

HOMEWORK
Three beliefs recap

AGENDA FOR TODAY


Warm Up
Introduction to Chinese beliefs
Junzi in the Modern Day

ESSENTIAL INFORMATION TO
INCLUDE IN THIS MIND MAP
Clear and big title of the network
Create it as if it were actually a map

(show the routes on the continents/


regions theyre taking place on)
What items are traded to and from which
region?
Geographic features that inhibited or
promoted trade (mountains, rivers,
marshes.)
COLOR!

FINAL QUESTION
Which early trade network had the most

impact on our modern world?


Setting (1 sentence)
Argument (1 sentence)
Map (1 sentence)
Evid. A (1 sentence)
Evid. B (1 sentence)
Evid. C (1 sentence)

CHINESE BELIEF SYSTEMS


What are the belief systems of Ancient
China?
Confucianism
Legalism
Daoism
Buddhism

LEGALISM
Legalism is a political philosophy

created by Hanfeizi c. 250 BC.


Hanfeizi discussed how rulers should

rule and maintain power


Legalist philosophy suggests that

people are evil by nature


Because of this, a ruler must be strict

and have harsh punishments

DAOISM
Daoism (Taoism) is a

philosophy created by Laotzu c. 500 BC.


Contemplate the Tao, or

the way of the universe


Daoists reject a strong

government because they


believe people can control
their own actions and do
not need a ruler.

"BE STILL LIKE A

MOUNTAIN AND
FLOW LIKE A
GREAT RIVER."
LAO TZU

MAIN TEACHINGS OF DAOISM


Taoists believe in planning in advance

Must carefully consider each action before taking it

A Taoist is kind to other individuals

in part because kindness tends to be reciprocated

Taoists believe people are

compassionate by nature and if left to their own devices they will show this
compassion without expecting a reward

DAOIST SYMBOL
Daoists believe in the

balance of yin &


yang
Yin
Earth, darkness, &

female forces
Yang
Heaven, light, & male

forces

BUDDHIST BELIEFS
Buddhism spread India China
C. 300 CE
Mahayana Buddhism
Bodihsattva
Brought spiritual comfort in a time of political &

economic distress
New ideas for art & sculpture
Only case of China importing a major idea
from a foreign land in its ancient history

CONFUCIANISM
Philosophy created by

Confucius c. 500 BC

Confucianism is the most

popular Chinese
philosophy and is still
followed in China today.

Confucianism is not a

religion

No sacred text
No description of a belief in

the afterlife

HOW DID CONFUCIAN BELIEFS


AFFECT BEHAVIOR IN DAILY LIFE?
Filial Piety = respect for

parents / honor your family


Five Relationships =

explained who should


respect who in society;
Father to son
Husband to wife
Ruler to subjects/people
Older brother to younger brother
Friend to friend

POLITICAL BELIEFS
Confucius believed that

people were good by nature.


Rulers should set a

good example for their


people.
Good Ruler = Good People

IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT CONFUCIANISM


Followers of Confucius

recorded his teachings


and beliefs in the
Analects.
Confucius also

emphasized the
importance of
education.
Goal is to become Junzi

MODERN DAY JUNZI


What would be the characteristics of a

modern day moral person?


(What do they do? How do they dress? How do they

act?)

Draw the modern day moral person and include

no less than 10 characteristics that make them


so.

QUESTION TO CONSIDER
A legalist, a Confucian, and a Daoist

are all in a crowded building when


all of a sudden, it catches fire.
Based on what you learned about
eachs beliefs, explain how each
would react and why you say that.