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Patho jar

Serofibrinous pericarditis
A jar contain heart of child
- Bread and butter appearance

Tuberculous pericarditis
A jar contain adult heart
-yellowish caseating foci
-area of anthracosis

Brown atrophy of heart


A jar contain adult heart
-tortuos coronary artery
-a window is opened showing thin myocardium

Fatty infiltration of heart


A jar contain enlarged heart
- Thick yellowish fatty
material

Myocardial infarction, mural


thrombosis, and coronary thrombosis
A jar contains heart opened
longitudinally from left side
-pale area of infarction
-coronary artey occluded by
thrombus

Secondary of malignant melanoma


of the heart
A jar contains a
heart
-multiple dark
brownish nodules
-variable in size and
shape
-represent
metastatic
malignant
melanoma

Acute rheumatic valvulitis


A jar contain opned heart showing
cavity of left ventricle and left
atriuim
- Vegetation : small in size
- Line of clusure
- Firmly adherent

Subacute bacterial
endocarditis
A jar contains heart opened
longitudinally on left side
- Vegetation- large friable brownish
- Chordae tendinae destroyed
- Macallums area

Acute bacterial endocarditis


A jar contains heart opened
longitudinally on left side
Vegetation : large friable easily
detachable

respi

bonchiectasis
A jar contains a piece of
lung showing multiple
cavities
-dilated bronchi
-thickened and fibrosed
bronchi

Chronic venous congestion of the lung with red


infarction

A jar contains two


pieces of lung
tissues
- Area of
anthracosis
- Triangular area
of red infarction

Lobar pneumonia (gray hepatization


stage)
A jar contains a slice of lung
tissue
-anthracosis area
-grey hepatization
-pneumomic area

Primary spreading tuberculosis of


the lung (childhood)
A jar contains lung of child
-apical atypical ghons focus
-anthracosis
-yellowish caseating foci

Pulmonary embolism
A jar contains a piece of lung
tissue
-large dark brown thrombus
-the rest of the lung is healthy

Secondary pulmonary fibrocaseous


tuberculosis with secondary miliary spread
A jar contains two part of lung of
adult cut lomgitudinally
-apical tuberculous cavity
-yellowish caseating foci
-anthracosis

Bronchogenic carcinoma (oat cell


type)
a jar containing a lung
- Grayish white tumor mass
- Visceral pleura is thickened and
opaque

Bronchogenic carcinoma (suamous


cell type)
A jar contains a lung lobe
- Central part cavitating mass
- Visceral pleura is thickened and
opaque

Male genital system

Caseating tuberculous epididymoorchitis


A jar contains one
testis and
epididymis cut into
two halves
-epididymis
thickened and
enlarge
-extensive pale
yellow caseation
-variable in size
and shape

Seminoma of the testis with


secondaries in para-aortic lymph node
A jar contain one testis
cut into two halves
-testis is enlarged
- Big tumor mass
enclosed within the
capsule
- One lymph node is seen
to be enlarged
- -grayish white tumor

Seminoma of the testis


A jar contains one testis
cut into two halves
-testis is enlarged
-big tumor mass is seen
within the capsule
-grayish white tumor

Benign prostatic hyperplasia


A jar contains a prostate
-markedly increase in size
-butterfly appeaerance

CNS

Intracerebral haemorrhage
A jar contain lower half of brain cut
horizontally
- Lateral ventricle markedly dilated
- Contain blood clot

Tuberculoma of the brain


A jar contain two sections from the
brain
-parietal lobe shows big tuberculoma
-pale yellow caseating
-tuberculoma reaches depth of brain
tissue

endocrine

Multinodular goiter
A jar contains both lobes
of thyroid gland
-assymetrically enlarged
-nodules variable in size

Thyroid adenoma with


calcification
A jar contains a solitary thyroid nodule
cut into two halves
-nodule is 4 cm in diameter
-well encapsulated
-cut surface : chalky white dystrophic
calcification

Thyroid ( solitary thyroid


nodule)
A jar contains a solitary thyroid
nodule cut into two halves
-Well encapsulated
- Brownish in colour

bone

Osteoclastoma (giant cell tumor) of


the fibula
A jar contain a part of the fibula
-oval tumor mass at the end of the fibula
- No new bone formation

Osteogenic sarcoma ( osteosarcoma)


of the fibula
A jar contains a part of the fibula
-grayish brown tumor mass
-newly formed bone

Multiple myeloma of the


sternum
A jar contain a part of the
sternum
- invasion of sternum by multiple
rounded nodular mass
- Grayish white in color

GIT

Duodenal peptic ulcer


A jar contain distal part of
gastric and first part of
duodenum
-duodenum part shows an
ulcer : (character)

Acute suppurative appendicitis


A jar contain vermiform
appendix
- Yellow suppuration
- Black gangrene

Schistosomal (bilharzial) polypi of the


colon with bilharzial pericolic mass
A jar contain a part of the colon cut
longitudinally
- Multiple bilharzial polypi
- Variable in size and shape
- Pericolic tissue shows large grayish
white mass
- Pericolic tissue shows enlarged lymph
node

Bilharzial polypi of the large


intestine
A jar contain a piece of large
intestine which is cut
longitudinally
-mucosa : polypi variable in
size and shape
-muscle layer : continuous

Adenocarcinoma of the large


intestine with secondaries in the
regional lymph node (fungating
exophytic type)
A jar contain terminal ileum,
caecum, appendix and part
of the ascending colon
-large fungating cauliflower
grayish white mass
-pericolic lymph node show
metastatic grayish white
tumor

Adenocarcinoma of the large


intestine (endophytic ulcerative type)
A jar contain a colonic segment
- Mucosa in middle part lose
completely
- Ulcerating malignant mass
- Muscle layer : interupted

Stenosing adenocarcinoma of the


colon (endophytic stricture type)
A jar contains colonic segment cut
longitudinally
- Lumen is narrow
- Muscle layer interupted

liver

Amyloid degeneration of
liver
A jar contain a slice of liver
tissue
-sharp demarcated border
-smooth outer surface
-mosaic appearance

Chronic venous congestion of the


liver (nut meg liver)
A jar contain a piece of liver tissue
-liver enlarged
-smooth outer surface
-mottled appearance
-veins dilated, containing blood

Coarse periportal bilharzial fibrosis


of the liver (pipe-stem appearance)
A
-

jar contain a part of liver


Liver shrunken
Brownish bilharzial pigment
Pipe stem appearance

MULTIPLE SYPHILITIC GUMMATA OF


THE LIVER
A jar contains a slice of liver
tissue
- Outer surface coarsely
nodular
- Cut section : multiple
grtayish white nodules

Laennecs cirrhosis (nutritional


cirrhosis)
A jar contain a piece of liver which is
shrunken in size
-outer surface nodular
-pale yellow color due to fatty
infiltration

Multiple liver secondaries from


carcinoma
A jar contain a slice of liver tissue
-irregular area discolouration
-yellowish in colour
- umbilication

Metastasis of malignant melanoma


of the liver
A jar contain a piece of liver
tissue
-outer surfce : multiple
blackish nodule
-variable in size and shape
- umbilication

Gall bladder

Chronic cholecystitis and mixed


stones
A jar contain gall bladder whose wall is
thickened
-two windows opened : fundus and neck
- Stones are numerous variables of
green colour

Chronic cholecystitis with mixed and


cholesterol stones
A jar contains gall bladder
with dark thicked wall
- Two windows are open :
fundes and neck
- Multiple cholesterol and
mixed stones
- Cholesterol stones : white/
pale yellow color
- Mixed stones : dark green
color

Mucocele of gall bladder with


cholesterol stones
A jar contain enlarged gall bladder
- There is an opening at the
region of the neck
- Two cholesterol stones : whitish/
yellow in color

Secondaries of malignant
melanoma in the pancreas
A jar contains part of
pancreas
- Two rounded black
nodules
- Representing
metastatic nodules
from malignant
carcinoma

Kidney & urinary bladder

Congenital polycystic kidney


A jar contains a kidney
- Kidney enlarged
- Large number of cyst outer surface
: variable in size

multiple kidney stones, ureteric


stones, and moderate hydroureter
and hydronephrosis
A jar contain a kidney (cut open
longitudinally) and upper 1/3 of ureter
-pelvicalyceal system is greatly dilated
with multiple stone
-ureter is also dilated (containing stone)

Hypernephroma (renal cell


carcinoma, Grawitzs tumor)
A jar contain a kidney ( increase in
size)
-well defined mass
- Golden yellow color
- Cyst formation

Transitional cell carcinoma of renal


pelvis (papillary type)
A jar contain a kidney
cut longitudinally cut
into two halves
- Kidney increase in
size
- Large papillary mass
is seen
- Area of haemorrhage
and necrosis is seen

Focal embolic glomerulonephritis


(flea bitten kidney)
A jar contain half of kidney
-multiple dark brownish spot on outer
and cut surface

Chronic tuberculosis of the


kidney
A jar contain half of destroyed kidney
-pale yellow caseating foci
-calyces and renal pelvis dilated

Hydronephrosis and
hydroureter
A jar contain kidney which is
largedly increased in size
-thin walled lobules
-ureter is thickened and show
hydroureter

Wilms tumor
A jar contain a kidney of a
child with a large tumor
arising from it
-grayish brown tumor
-small area of kidney is seen
in the lower part

Ischemic atrophy of the


kidney
A jar contain kidney cut into two
halves
-outer surface is lobulated - notches

Arteriosclerootic kidney
A jar contain a kidney cut into two
halves
- Kidney reduced in size
- Finely granular surface
- Thickened capsule

Chronic glomerulonephritis
A jar contain kidney cut into two
halves
-reduced in size
-capsule thickened and adherent to
its surface
-surface fine granularity

Chronic pyelonephritis ( obstructive


type) with pyonephrosis
A jar contain kidney cut into two
halves
-kidney increase in size
-dilated distorted pelvicalyceal
system
-loss of renal parrenchyma

Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) of
urinary bladder (sandy patches)
A jar contain urinary bladder which is
open to show the mucosa
- Sandy patches
- Multiple ulcer
- Wall of bladder thickened

Schistosoma (bilharzial) polypi of


the urinary bladder with bilateral
mild hydronephrosis and
hydroureter
A jar contain urinary system of a
child
- Trigone show multiple bilharzial
polypi
- Ureter shows hydroureter
- Kidney show hydronephrotic
changes

Carcinoma of the urinary


bladder
A jar contains a urinary bladder cut
into two halves
- Mucosa shows cauliflower mass
- Grayish white in color tumor
- Small ulcer mucous membrane

Female genital system

Adenomyosis of the uterus


A jar contain one half of uterus
cut longitudinally
- Moderate symmetric
thickening of uterine wall
- Small greyish translucent cyst
- Uterine endometrium appear
normal

Fatty change of uterine


leiomyoma
A jar contain one half uterus cut
longitudinally
-uterus moderately increase in
size
- Fatty change of uterine
leiomyoma
- Uterine cavity compressed

Myxomatous degeneration of
uterine leiomyoma

A jar contain one half of uterus ,


fallopian tube and ovary
- Uterus moderately increase in
size
- Multiple large cystic space
- Uterine cavity is compressed

Endometrial hyperplasia with


adenomyosis
a jar contain uterus cut
longitudinally into two halves
- Thickened granular
endometrium with polypoid
projection
- Moderate symmetric
thickening of uterine wall

Multiple uterine leiomyomata


A jar contain uterus cut
longitudinally into two
halves
- Multiple nodular area
- Uterine cavity is
compressed

Carcinoma of body of uterus


A jar contain uterus, fallopian
tube and ovaries
-uterus is moderately increase
in size
-mass is fungating
-myometrium is thickened

Hyaditiform mole
(complete)
A jar contain multiple small vesicles
- Grape like structure
- No fetal part are seen

Hyaditiform mole (partial)


A jar contain multiple vesicles and
a small fetus
- Grape like structure
- Fetal part are clearly seen

Papillary serous cyst adenoma of


the ovary
A jar contain ovary which arises a
cyst
- Cyst is unilocular
- Complex papillary structure
projecting from the cyst

Papillary serous adenocarcinoma


with solid areas
A jar contains ovary from
which arises a cyst
-cyst is multilocular
- Small sessile papillary
structure projecting
from the wall
- Upper part is solid
- Cyst contains serous
watery fluid

Mucinous cyst adenoma of the


ovary
A jar contain a part of fallopian
tube and ovary
- Cyst is multilocular
- Cyst contain thick mucoid
material

Dermoid cyst of the ovary


A jar contain unilocular ovarian cyst
-nipple like projection
- Skin and teeth are also seen
projecting into the lumen

breast

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of


the breast not otherwise specified
(NOS) with secondaries in axillary
lymph nodes
A jar contains a breast which is
removed by modified radical
mastectomy
- cut surface : rounded tumor mass
- Peau de orange
- Axillary lymph node enlarged

skin

Subcutaneous lipoma
A jar contain defined
subcutaneous tumor
mass
- Well encapsulated
- yellowish
- Covering skin is thin
and atrophied

Cavernous lymphangioma
A jar contain a piece of skin
covering a circumscribed
mass
-dilated lymph vessel
- Distended cavernous
space with lymph

Squamous cell papilloma of the skin


A jar contain piece of skin and
subcutaneous tissue
- Large whitish cauliflower
mass
- No invasion of
subcutaneous tissue
- No surface ulceration

Squamous cell carcinoma of the


scalp (malignant ulcer)
A jar contain a piece of skin of the scalp
- large irregular ulcerating mass
(character)
- Invasion of underlying tissue

Squamous cell carcinoma of the


scalp (epithelioma, nodular type)
A jar contain two pieces of scalp with
underlying bone of the skull
- Big malignant nodular tumor mass
- Cut surface : opaque grayish
nodules eroding the bone

Foreign body granuloma in


the toe
a jar contain a toe opened
longitudinally
- Whititsh firm rounded mass
- Foreign body (piece of wood)

Leprosy
A jar contain foot and part of the
leg
- Dropping of al toes
- Thin atrophied skin
- White area hypopigmentation

lymphatics

Caseating tuberculous
lymphadenitis
A jar contain enlarged lymph node
cut into two halves
- Multiple yellowish caseating foci
- Caplsule and tissue of lymph
node shows dystrophic
calcification

Tabes mesenterica
A jar contain a group of large
mesenteric lymph
- Yellowish caseating foci
- These nodes a re surrounded by
grayish white fibrous tissue

Lymph nodes secondaries of


malignant melanoma
A jar contains two lymph
nodes cut into two halves
- Markedly enlarged
- Dark brown mass
- Representing metastasis
from malignant melanoma

Miliary tuberculosis of the spleen


A jar contain two halve of a
spleen
- small yellowish foci
- Nodular external face

Splenic infarction
A jar contains two half o f a spleen
- Area of infarction :
- white colour
- Triangular in shape

Deposits of Hodgkins lymphoma in


the spleen
A jar contains part of hugely
enlarged spleen
- Variable size nodules
- Numerous grayish white nodules