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marine fishes

Erwin R Ardli, Dr.rer.nat., M.Sc.

Fish ?

marine fishes ......


Vertebrata pertama
500 jt th lalu
Most economically
important marine
organisms
27 000 species (1/2
vertebrata dunia)
58% marine fishses
Class Agnatha
Class Chondricthyes
Class Osteichthyes

The four basic characteristics of


chordates:
A single dorsal, hollow nerve
cord
Gill, or pharyngeal, slits
A notochord
A post-anal tail

5 Living
Groups

biology of fishes ......


Body shape
Lifestyle
Camouflage

Coloration
Locomotion
Feeding
Digestion
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Sistem regulasi int

biology of fishes ......


Sistem saraf
Behavior
Teritoriality
Schooling
Migration

Reproduction

Form and function


external and internal

Architecture of Fishes

Your Basic Fish .

Head

Body form

Body form
fusiform

compressiform

depressiform

anguilliform

Body form
filiform

taeniform

sagittiform

globiform

Caudal fin

Caudal fin

Primitive

Heterocercal

Fish Scales

Disguise

Mimicry

model

mimic

Eyespots (ocelli)

Advertisement

Bioluminescence

Shark
gills

Bony fish

Red vs. white muscle


Sustained
swimmer

Normal swimmer

Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata

Subphylum Vertebrata
Fishes

Chapter 8

Subphylum Vertebrata
*Cranium
*Vertebrae

Larvae of a jawless fish

Skeletal elements of a jawless fish

Subphylum Vertebrata

Jawless Fishes

Jawless Fishes ancient diversity

Jawless fish: Hagfish

Jawless fish: Lamprey

Jawless Fishes modern


diversity
Hagfish

Lamprey

Jawless Fishes modern diversity

lampreys

Jawed Vertebrates

Fossil placoderm

*Jaws

*Paired fins

Class Chondrichthyes

Cartilaginous fishes

Class Chondrichthyes

Placoid scales

Paired fins

Class
Chondrichthyes

Shark Diversity

Shark Diversity

Walking shark

Megachasma pelagios

Squaliolus laticaudus

Pygmy shark

megamouth shark

Shark Diversity
Whale shark

Goblin shark
Mitsukurina owstoni

Rhincodon typus

Ampullae of Lorenzini

Shark Conservation

Manta birostris

Skates and rays

Electric Ray

Narcine brasiliensis

Ratfishes or chimaeras

Hydrolagus colliei

Class Osteichthyes
bony fishes

Class Osteichthyes

Bony skeleton

Class Osteichthyes

Mouth

Complex and adaptable

Class Osteichthyes

scales

Class Osteichthyes

Fins and tail

Class Osteichthyes

Gill cover

Class Osteichthyes

Buoyancy

Fish diversity

Fishery Exploitation

Mobility

Tuna

Body form and niche

Body form
and niche

seahorse

Body form
and niche
Porcupine fish

Body form
and niche

jawfish

Coloration

Feeding

Jaw protrusion

Jaws

Filter feeding

anchovies &
sardines

Filter feeding

Gill rakers

Vision

Olfaction

Taste

Lateral Line

Lateral Line

Lateral Line

nerve
s

Lateral Line

Fish behavior and


life history

Territoriality

Fish Schooling

Fish Migrations

Fish Migrations
Anadromous

Fish Migrations

Anadromous

Fish Migrations

Anadromous

Fish Migrations

Catadromous

Coelacanths

Lobe-finned fishes

Lobe Fins

Fossil lobe-finned fishes

Christmas 1938
Port Elizabeth,
South Africa

Original letter from


Majorie CourtneyLatimer to J.L.B.
Smith

Original letter from


Majorie CourtneyLatimer to J.L.B. Smith

23 Dec. 1938

Marjorie Courtney
Latimer's odd fish

The first coelacanth

The Search for


more.

The Second Coelacanth


1952, Comoro Islands

Back in South Africa

The Second Coelacanth


1952, Comoro Islands

ALL living coelacanth research moves to Paris

Dr. James Millot

Lobe-finned fish
Living Coelacanth

Latimeria
chalumnae

1998 -- a second species from Indonesia


Latimeria menadoensis

Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1998