Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 29

HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING

ByA.SAITEJA
11261A0501

CONTENTS

Introduction
What is Hyperspectral Imaging?
How does Hyperspectral Imaging work?
Acquisition Techniques for Hyperspectral Imaging
Advantages
Disadvantages
Applications
Softwares Used
Conclusion

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

Imaging is the visual representation of an objects


form.
Spectral imaging is a branch of spectroscopy in
which a complete spectrum or some spectral
information is collected at every location on image
plane and is processed.
The term Hyperspectral imaging comes under
Spectral imaging.
Hyperspectral images are produced by instruments
called Imaging spectrometers.
Spectral images are often represented as an image
cube, a type of data cube.

Fig: Two-dimensional projection of a hyperspectral cube

What is Hyperspectral
Imaging?

What is Hyperspectral Imaging?


Hyperspectral imaging belongs to a class of
techniques commonly referred to as
spectral imaging or spectral analysis.
Hyperspectral imaging is the collecting and
processing of information from across the
electromagnetic spectrum.
Human eye sees visible light in three bands,
i.e. red, green, and blue whereas spectral
imaging divides the spectrum into many
more bands.

Three-dimensional
Hyperspectral cube is
assembled by
stacking
two-dimensional
spatial-spectral
scan lines

Successive scan lines

Spatial
pixels

Spectral channels

How does
Hyperspectral
Imaging Work?

How Does Hyperspectral


Imaging work?
Hyperspectral imaging deals with the
imaging of narrow spectral bands over a
continuous spectral range, and produces
the spectra of all pixels in the scene.
Hyperspectral sensors collect information as
a set of images.
These 'images' are then combined and
formed into a three-dimensional
hyperspectral data cube for processing and
analysis.

How Does Hyperspectral


Imaging work?
Hyperspectral imaging does not just
measure each pixel in the image, but also
measures the reflection, emission and
absorption of electromagnetic
radiation.
It provides a unique spectral signature
for every pixel, which can be used by
processing techniques to identify and
discriminate materials.

Acquisition Techniques
for Hyperspectral Imaging

Acquisition Techniques for Hyperspectral Imaging

Spatial Scanning

Spectral Scanning

Non-Scanning

Spatiospectral Scanning

Fig:
Acquisition techniques
for hyperspectral
imaging, visualized as
sections of the
hyperspectral
datacube with its two
spatial dimensions
(x,y) and one spectral
dimension (lambda).

Advantages

Advantages

The primary advantage to hyperspectral imaging


is that, because an entire spectrum is
acquired at each point, the operator needs no
prior knowledge of the sample, and
postprocessing allows all available information
from the dataset to be mined.
Hyperspectral imaging can also take advantage of
the spatial relationships among the different
spectra in a neighbourhood, allowing more
elaborate spectral-spatial models for a more
accurate segmentation and classification of the
image.

Disadvantages

Disadvantages

The primary disadvantages are cost and


complexity.
Fast computers, sensitive detectors, and large
data storage capacities are needed for analyzing
hyperspectral data.
Also, one of the hurdles researchers have had to
face is finding ways to program
hyperspectral satellites to sort through data on
their own and transmit only the most important
images, as both transmission and storage of that
many data could prove difficult and costly

Applications

Applications
Agriculture
Astronomy
Chemical Imaging
Eye care
Food Processing
Mineralogy
Remote Sensing
Surveillance

Softwares Used

Softwares Used
Open source:

HyperSpy(software)Python Hyperspectral Toolbox.


Gerbil (software)hyperspectral visualization and analysis framework.

Commercial:
Erdas Imagine, a remote sensing application for geospatial applications.
ENVIa remote sensing application.
MIA Toolboxmultivariate image analysis.
MicroMSIa remote sensing application.
A Matlab Hyperspectral Toolbox.
Other Hyperspectral tools inMATLAB.
MountainsMap HyperSpectral,a version ofMountainsMapdedicated to the
analysis of hyperspectral data in microscopy.
Opticksa remote sensing application.
Scyllarus, hyperspectral imaging C++ API, MATLAB Toolbox and visualize.

Conclusion

Conclusion
Active area of Research and Development.
With hundreds of spectral channels now
available, the sampled pixel spectra contain
enough detail to allow spectroscopic principles to
be applied for image understanding.
Requires an understanding of the nature and
limitations of the data and of various strategies
for processing and interpreting it.
If a picture is worth 1000 words, a
hyperspectral image is worth almost 1000
pictures.