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Ransomware: How to Avoid Extortion

Matthew Walker VP Northern Europe

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Examples of Ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Examples of Ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

About Ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

About Ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

About Ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

About Ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

About Ransomware

84% believe their company would be seriously


damaged
if it were successfully infected with ransomware

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

About Ransomware

31% admitted that if their corporate networks were


infected
theyd have no choice but to pay the ransom

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

How Does It Work?

Delivery

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

How Does It Work?


Phishing
Email

Delivery

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Drive-By
Download

Malvertising

Botnet

Malicious App

Encrypt Data Files

Phone Home

Installation

Infection

Delivery

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Disable Defenses

How Does It Work?

Support Services

Encrypt Data Files


Phone Home

Disable Defenses
Installation
Infection
Delivery

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Demand Ransom

How Does It Work?

Release of Files

Support Services

Encrypt Data Files


Phone Home

Disable Defenses
Installation
Infection
Delivery

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Demand Ransom

How Does It Work?

Pay Ransom

Release of Files

Support Services

Encrypt Data Files


Phone Home

Disable Defenses
Installation
Infection
Delivery

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Demand Ransom

How Does It Work?

Pay Ransom

Recommendations
Network Defenses

Preparation

NGFW, EDR, Threat Intel

Back-ups follow 3 2 1
rule
Staff Training
User Training

Endpoint Defense-inDepth
Patch and Configuration
Management
Application Whitelisting
Data Encryption
Device Control
Antivirus

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Post-Event
Configuration Restoration
Forensics
Infrastructure Changes

Recommendations
AV

Contr
ol the
Bad

Device Control
Control the Flow

HD and Media Encryption


Control the Data

Endpoint Defense-in-Depth
Successful risk mitigation starts
with a solid vulnerability
management foun- dation,
augmented by additional layered
defenses which go beyond the
traditional blacklist approach.

Application Control
Control the Gray

Patch and Configuration Management


Control the Vulnerability Landscape

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Recommendations
AV

Contr
ol the
Bad

Device Control
Control the Flow

HD and Media Encryption


Control the Data

Application Control
Control the Gray

Patch and Configuration


Management
Eliminates the attackable surface
area that hackers can target
Central configuration of native
system security controls such as
firewalls and OS protections (e.g.,
ASLR, DEP, etc.)
Improves endpoint performance
and stability

Patch and Configuration Management


Control the Vulnerability Landscape

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Recommendations
AV

Contr
ol the
Bad

Device Control
Control the Flow

HD and Media Encryption


Control the Data

Application Whitelisting
Extremely effective against zeroday attacks
Stops unknown, targeted malware
payloads, regardless of delivery
mechanism
Low performance impact on
endpoints

Application Control
Control the Gray

Patch and Configuration Management


Control the Vulnerability Landscape

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Recommendations
AV

Contr
ol the
Bad

Device Control
Control the Flow

HD and Media Encryption

Data Encryption
Protects data in cases of theft or
accidental loss
Makes lateral data acquisition more
difficult for APTs
Required by almost all regulations

Control the Data

Application Control
Control the Gray

Patch and Configuration Management


Control the Vulnerability Landscape

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Recommendations
AV

Contr
ol the
Bad

Device Control
Control the Flow

HD and Media Encryption


Control the Data

Device / Port Control


Can prevent unauthorized devices
from delivering payloads
Can stop specific file types from
being copied to host machines
Stops a common delivery vector for
evading extensive physical and
technologic security controls

Application Control
Control the Gray

Patch and Configuration Management


Control the Vulnerability Landscape

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Recommendations
AV

Contr
ol the
Bad

Device Control
Control the Flow

HD and Media Encryption

Antivirus
Stops background noise malware
May detect reused code and
evasion techniques
Will eventually clean payloads after
signatures are developed

Control the Data

Application Control
Control the Gray

Patch and Configuration Management


Control the Vulnerability Landscape

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Recommendations
Network Defenses

Preparation

NGFW, ETDR, Threat Intel

Back-ups follow 3 2 1
rule
Staff Training
User Training

Endpoint Defense-inDepth
Patch and Config
Management
Application Whitelisting
Data Encryption
Device Control
Antivirus

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.

Post-Event
Configuration Restoration
Forensics
Infrastructure Changes

Summary
Ransomware, cyber-extortion, digital
blackmail its evil and its here
Implement the security tech and
training ahead of time to minimize the
chances of your data being held for
ransom and to maximize your ability to
recover quickly
Have an Incident Response Plan in place

2015 HEAT Software. All rights reserved. Proprietary & Confidential.