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ARTICLE WRITING

KURNIA RAMADHANI
14018008
K-1 2014
A theory is something nobody believes, except
the person who made it. An experiment is
something everybody believes, except the person
who made it Albert Einstein

1. What is article
writing?
An article:
Is a piece o writing usually intended or publication in a
newspaper, maazine or journal.
Is writen or a wide audience, so it is essential to attract
and retain the readers attention.
May include amusing stories, reported speech and
descriptions.
Can be formal or informal, depending on the target
audience.
Should be written in an interesting manner.
Should give opinions and thoughts, as well as facts.
Is in a less formal style than a report.

An article also can:


Describe an expirience, event,
person or place.
Present an opinion or balance
argument.
Compare and contrast.
Provide information.
Offer suggestion or advise.

A realistic article should consist of:


1. An aye-catching title which attracts the
readers attention.
2. An introduction which clearly defines the
topic to be covered and keeps the
readers attention.
3. The main body of two to ive paragraphs
in which the topic is further developed in
detail.
4. The conclusion summarising the topic
or a final opinion, recommendation or
comment.

2. Article Elements
Consist of:
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Theory/literature review
Research method/process
Result (sometimes divided into
results and analysis)
Conclusion

a. Title
summarize the main idea of article.
Example:
PHYSCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS ON
CHILHOOD TRAUMA SURVIVORS
WHO ABUSE DRUGS

Note : also add Author(s)-name(s)


and instituonal affiliation(s) listed.

b. Abstract
A brief comprehensive
summary of the contents of
the article.

c. Introcuction
States the reason for the
research: identifies and
discussess finding of others;
includes a review of the
literature.

d. A literature review
is a text of a scholarly paper,
which includes the current
knowledge including
substantive findings, as well
as theoretical and
methodological contributions
to a particular topic.
Literature reviews are
secondary sources, and do
not report new or original

e. Methodology
There are 3 parts of
methodology:
Describes the research
population or study sample.
Describes the method used to
gather information or data
collection.
Describes the means used for
measuring or measures.

f. Results
Summarizes the results and
presents finding using text,
charts, graphs and tables.

g. Conclusion
Effective conclusions take the
article beyond summary and
demonstrate a further
appreciation of the article's
argument and its
significance: why it works,
why it is meaningful, and why
it is valuable.

The purpose of a conclusion:


To connect the article's findings
to a larger context, such as the
wider conversation about an issue
as it is presented in a course or in
other published writing.
To suggest the implications of
your findings or the importance of
the topic.
To ask questions or suggest ideas
for further research.
To revisit your main idea or
research question with new
insight.

References
An alphabetical listing of
works that were cited and
used to support the
research.

TYPES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

A local news article: focuses on what's


going on in your neighborhood. An
example of a local news story would be an
article on a city council meeting.
A national news article: focuses on
what's happening in the United States. An
example of a national news article would
be an article on the U.S. Senate passing a
new bill.
An international news article: focuses
on news that's happening outside the
United States. A story on an influenza

A feature article: is an article that is about


"softer" news. A feature may be a profile of a
person who does a lot of volunteer work in the
community or a movie preview. Feature articles
are not considered news stories.
An editorial: is an article that contains the
writer's opinion. Editorials are usually run all
together on a specific page of the paper and focus
on current events. Editorials are not considered
news stories.
A column: is an article written by the same
person on a regular basis. A columnist (the writer
of the column) writes about subjects of interest to
him/her, current events or community happenings.
Columns are not considered news stories.

Some of the possible types


of scientific publications
1.Original research:
These are detailed studies reporting original
research and are classified as primary literature.
They include hypothesis, background study,
methods, results, interpretation of findings, and a
discussion of possible implications.
2.Review article:
It gives an overview of existing literature in a field,
often identifying specific problems or issues and
analyzing information from available published
work on the topic with a balanced perspective.

3.Clinical case study:


Clinical case studies present the
details of real patient cases from
medical or clinical practice. The cases
presented are usually those that
contribute significantly to the existing
knowledge on the field. The study is
expected to discuss the signs,
symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
of a disease.
4.Clinical trial:
Once again, specific to the field of
medicine, clinical trials describe the
methodology, implementation, and
results of controlled studies, usually
undertaken with large patient groups.

5.Perspective, opinion, and


commentary:
Perspective pieces are scholarly
reviews of fundamental concepts
or prevalent ideas in a field.
These are usually articles that
present a personal point of view
critiquing widespread notions
pertaining to a field.
6. Book review:
Book reviews are published in
most academic journals. The aim
of a book review is to provide
insight and opinion on recently
published scholarly books.

11 Types of Articles to Write for Magazines

1. How-to Articles:
Make a rousing promise of success
Describe what you need in easy to follow
instructions
Give step-by-step directions (sometimes
with subtitles)
Include shortcomings or warnings
Tell how to locate supplies
Give proofs and promises
Make referrals to other sources
Example:
How to Write Articles for Magazines

2. Profileand Interview Articles:


Have different definitions. In a profile,
you use additional sources, such as
friends, family, kids, neighbors,
colleagues. In a profile, you interview
the source him or herself.
Can have a theme or focus.
Can be presented as a Q & A or a
written article.
Require strong interviewing skills for
the best information
Example:
The Real Natalie Goldberg and Her Real
Writing Career

3. Informative or Service Articles:


Focus on one unique aspect, or the
handle
Describe what-to, how-to, when-to,
why-to, etc.
Answer the journalists who, what,
when, where, why, and how
questions
Can end with a how-to piece as a
sidebar
Example:
How to Write Query Letters for
Magazines

4. The Expos:
Shocks or surprises readers
Includes statistics, quotes,
anecdotes
Can range from how extension
cords can kill to new info on
Watergate
Examples:
Stephen Kings Ghostwriter
Reveals Secret Writing Career
95% of Natalie Goldbergs Writing
is From a Ghostwriter!

5. Human Interest Magazine


Articles:
Usually start with an
anecdote
Are often chronologically
organized
Examples :
Anne Lamott Share Her
Experience as a Single
Working Writer
Mark Twains GreatGrandaughter Finds Her
Writing Niche.

6. Essay or Opinion Articles:


Usually revolve around an
important or timely subject (if
theyre to be published in a
newspaper or serious magazine)
Are harder to sell if youre an
unknown or unpublished writer
Can be found on blogs all over the
internet!
Example:
What I Think of Natalie Goldbergs
Decision to Retire From Her
Writing Career

7. Humor or Satire Articles:


Usually have a specific
audience, such as the
readers of The Onion
Are usually written on spec
(that is, you submit the
whole article before the
editors or publishers will
accept it)
Example:
Ode to Stephen Kings
Typewriter

8. Historical Articles:
11 Types of Articles to Write for
Magazines
Reveal events of interest to millions
(which means at least one of my
examples wouldnt work as this type
of article)
Focus on a single aspect of the
subject
Are organized chronologically
Tell readers something new
Go beyond history to make a current
connection
Example:
The Typewriter Mark Twain First Used

9. Inspirational Magazine
Articles:
Describe how to feel good or
how to do good things
Can describe how to feel good
about yourself this type of
article can work for anyone
from writers to plumbers to
pilots
Offer a moral message
Focus on the inspirational point
Example:
How You Can Change the World
with Your Writing Career

10. Round-Up Magazine


Articles:
Gather a collection from
many sources
Focus on one theme
Offer quotations, opinions,
statistics, research studies,
anecdotes, recipes, etc.
Example:
12 Fiction Writing Tips from
Authors and Editors

11. Research Shorts:


Describe current scientific
information
Are usually less than 250 words
long
Are often written on spec (at
least by me)
Are fast, effective ways to earn
money as a freelance writer if
you can find the right markets
Example :
How Alliteration Affects Your
Memory

Bilbiographies
Belt, Mottonen & Harkonen. Mei 2011. Industrial
Engineering and Management. TIPS FOR WRITING
SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL ARTICLES. Oulu Yliopisto.
University of Oulu
Haverhill & Lawrence. 2010. Notrhern Essex Community
College. ELEMENTS OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE.
Libraries.
Laurie. 2016. 11 Types of Articles to Write for
Magazines.
http://www.theadventurouswriter.com/blogwriting/types
-of-feature-articles-to-write-for-magazines/
Majumder, Kakoli. 2015. 6 Article types that journals
publish: A guide for early career researchers.
http://www.editage.com/insights/6-article-types-that-j
ournals-publish-a-guide-for-early-career-researchers
Newspaper in education. (undated). TYPES OF
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES.
http://www.dispatchnie.com/content/pages/types-of-art
icles/types-of-articles.html
Onestopenglish.com. (undated). ARTICLES CAE (CPE):
Solution for english teaching.