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Zarzuela to

Bodabil and Pelikula


Popular Culture during
from

Pistaym

ZARZUELA

Zarzuela
Form of Spanish or Spanish derived musical theatre in which
the dramatic action is carried through an alternating
combination of SONG and SPEECH
Topics of the LIBRETTI text of the production vary widely
Most ZARZUELAS incorporate vocal ensemble number such
as trios and duets

LA DEL MANOJO DE ROSAS


(THE BUNCH OF ROSES)

Zarzuela
King Philip IV (reigned 1621-1665)often hosted extravagant
receptions that included performances of short comic plays
with musical accompaniment.
During the war of the Spanish Succession. Such Zarzuela
performances not only became an official royal spectacle

King Philip IV of
Spain

Zarzuela
During the first half of the 20th century, zarzuela regained its
position as the most popular form of Spanish musical theatre not only
in Spain but also in various part of the Hispanic world.
Most popular titles included Amadeo Vives Dona Francisquita
story of disguises and mistaken identities in the pursuit of love.

Federico Moreno Torrobas Luisa Fernanda a tale of a love triangle set


during the Spanish Revolution of 1868 and Pablo Sorozabals La
tabernera del Puerto ( the Barmaid at the port) a maritime love story
that takes place in an imaginary port in northern Spain.

Amadeo Vives Dona


Francisquita

Federico Moreno Torrobas


Luisa Fernanda

Zarzuela
Zarzuela also flourished in some of Spains former
colonies, most notably in Cuba and the Philippines.
In the Philippines, Tagalog language SARSWELA
(sarsuela) was intermittently popular through the
20th century, with notable surges in the
1950s,70s, and 80s. As with zarzuelas elsewhere,
these included local musical styles and themes.
The SARSWELA best known in the Philippines is
Hemogenes Ilang and Leon Ignacios Dalagang
Bukid

Dalagang Bukid

BODABIL

Bodabil (Vaudeville)
The term vaudeville itself, referring
specifically to American variety
entertainment,
Variety showman, M.B. Leavitt claimed
that the word orginated from the French
vaux de ville ( worth of the city, or
worthy of the city patronage)
Benjamin Franklin Keith the father of
American Vaudeville

Bodabil (Vaudeville)
During the Japanese occupation, film production
in the country was at a standstill and western
movies were banned. The Filipinos were thus
entertained by bodabil or the stage show, a form
of entertainment in the Philippines which became
popular during the Japanese period
Based on the French Vaudaville, bodabil was a
stage presentation featuring various forms:
musical, comedy, and even magic acts, skits,
monologues, and acrobatics among others.
Vaudeville acts were first introduced to the
Philippines during the American occupation and
were performed by visiting troupes.

Bodabil (Vaudeville)
These entertainers helped make jazz and
blues popular in the country. This type of
music was later on indigenized by Filipino
performances.
One of whom was Luis Borromeo, a
Cebuano also known as Borromeo Lou. He
had returned from America and Canada
and introduced classic jazz music in
the country
It is said that he coined the term VODAVIL,
later known as BODABIL.

Bodabil (Vaudeville)
The stage shows, which began as
intermission number in circuses or plays
in local theater, dealt with different topics
including, Philippine heroes and way of
life.
During the war years bodabil also
highlighted full length plays aside from
the usual comedy and musical acts. The
shows furtively expressed message of
encouragement for the people
disheartened by the war.

Bodabil (Vaudeville)
Within that period, established performers such as Katy de la
Cruz and Borromeo Lou continued to thrive. New stars also
emerged, such as the singers Diana Toy and Miami Salvador;
the dancer Bayani Casimiro, and the magician and Chaplin
imitator Canuplin. Many leading lights of Philippine cinema
began their entertainment careers in bodabil during this
period, such as Rogelio de la Rosa, Leopoldo Salcedo, Dely
Atay-Atayan and Chichay. Bodabil thrived despite the
emergence of Filipino film productions. Many moviehouses
featured bodabil performances in between screenings, and
many film and bodabil stars frequently crossed over from one
genre to the other.

Amadeo Vives Dona


Francisquita

Federico Moreno Torrobas


Luisa Fernanda