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FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF DEEP BEAM

ABSTRACT:- There are several analytical tools available for


analysing deep beam.
Among all the available analytical methods, finite element analysis
offers a better
option. The behaviour of deep beam of various span to depth ratio
by using software
under two point loading. The detailed analysis has been carried out
by using nonLinear finite element method and design of deep beam by using I.S
456-2000. the
objective of this study are to observe deflection, cracking of deep

INTRODUCTION:-

The use of Reinforced deep beam has


become more prevalent in recent year. In IS-456 (2000) clause 29, a
simply supported beam is classified as deep when the ratio of its
effective span L to overall depth D is less than 2. continuous beam
are consider as deep when the ratio L/D is less than 2.5. the effective
span is defined as the centre to centre distance between the
supports or 1.15 times the clear span whichever is less.
Deep beam often appear in form of transfer girder in high-rise
building as well as pile caps, foundation walls, water tank, folded
plate roof structures, floor diaphragms, shear feature. The internal
stresses can not be determined by ordinary beam theory and
ordinary design walls and brackets or corbels. They are
characterized as being relatively short and deep, having thickness
that id small relative to their span or depth and being primarily
loaded in the plane of the member. They are two dimensional
members in a state of plane stress in which shear is dominant
procedures for dereminimg strength do not apply.

The behaviour of deep beams is significantly different from that of


beams of more normal proportions, requiring special consideration in
analysis, design and detailing of
Reinforcement. A deep beam is in fact a vertical plate subjected to
loading in its own plane. The strain or stress distribution across the
depth is no longer a straight line, and the variation is mainly dependent
on the aspect ratio of the beam.
Stresses in deep beams can be studied using the methods of two
dimensional elasticity or finite element analysis, plane sections before
bending remaining plane after bending does not hold good for deep
beams. Significantly warping of the cross-section occurs because of high
shear stresses consequently flexural stresses are not linearly
distributed, even in the elastic range, and the usual methods for
calculating section properties and stresses can not be applied. Shear
strength of deep beams may be as much as 2 to 3 times greater than
that predicated using conventional equations developed for members of
normal proportions.

OBJECTIVE OF STUDY :- The main objective of study is analysis


a deep beam of various length to span ratio by using software under
two point loading. The detailed analysis has been carried out using
non-linear finite element method and design using IS 456-2000.
The objective of the investigation are listed below:1. To observe deflection, cracking of deep beams subjected to
two point loading.
2. To study non-linear finite element analysis of deep beam by
using software having different L/D ratio (1.5, 1.6, 1.71)
3. To study stress distribution (flexural, shear) of deep beam .