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REVIEW

FUNCTIONS OF COMPUTER
Storage - ability of computers to
store and retain data in memory.
TWO TYPES OF COMPUTER MEMORY:
Volatile memory: storage that
retains data only if it is
receiving power, such as RAM.
Nonvolatile memory: a form of
memory that retains data even in
the absence of a power source and
that is used to store programs
between runs, such as flash memory

Process - defined as the conversion


of data from one format to
another. Data, in this sense,
refers to a collection of numbers
and characters which the computer
understands.
Input devices can be built into the
computer, like the keyboard in a
laptop, or it can be connected to
the computer by a cable.
Output devices They tell us what
the computer is doing with the
instructions we supplied to it.

PARTS OF THE COMPUTER


Monitor
Keyboard
Mouse
System case
Motherboard
Main Memory/RAM
Processor
Hard Disk
DVD ROM
Video Graphics
Sound Card
Cable Connector
Network Card/MODEM
Power Supply

Hardware
Concepts:
Take Control

Has anyone assembled


their own computer? Or
perhaps installed a drive or
a peripheral device on their
PC?
What are the advantages
of knowing your computer
systems structure?

Open TechHigh ICT and


Society
Click Lesson 1
Type the password :
wm36h

1 activity!
st

Virtually assemble a
PC by correctly
arranging the steps in
computer assembly.

Here is the correct order of


the steps in computer
assembly:
1. Set up the system case on a flat and
stable surface.
2. Install the motherboard inside the system
case.
3. Attach the microprocessor.
4. Put the heatsink/fan on top of the CPU.
5. Attach the main memory.
6. Attach the cable connectors.
7. Attach the video and sound cards.
8. Attach the hard disk drive.
9. Attach the CD and/or DVD drive(s).

10. Identify the type of power supply


and insert it into the right place.
11. Connect the wires coming out from
behind the system case to the
motherboard.
12. Close the system case.
13. Connect the input and output
devices to the back of the system
case.
14. Test the assembly for initial start
up (called cold reboot) by turning it

2nd Activity
Build Tekkis PC by
supplying the
specifications so you can
play the racing game with
the corresponding speed
level.

Here are the systems specifications


or specs for the HIGH LEVEL:
1. Microprocessor Name = Intel i7 Edition
2. Microprocessor Speed = 3.33 Ghz Cycle
3. Total Volatile memory capacity = 8 GB
Main Memory
4. Total Non-volatile memory capacity = 2
TB Local Disk
5. Input Device 1 = Wireless Keyboard
6. Input Device 2 = Wireless Mouse
7. Output Device 1 = LED Monitor
8. Output Device 2 = Laser Printer
9. Secondary storage device = DVD- RW

For MEDIUM LEVEL:

1. Microprocessor Name = Intel Dual Core


2. Microprocessor Speed = 2.2 GHz Cycle
3. Total Volatile memory capacity = 1 GB
Main Memory
4. Total Non-volatile memory capacity = 350
GB Local Disk
5. Input Device 1 = Keyboard
6. Input Device 2 = Mouse
7. Output Device 1 = LCD Monitor
8. Output Device 2 = Ink Jet Printer
9. Secondary storage device = CD- RW

For LOW level:


Any combination which
doesnt match either of
the above or which is
wrong.

Directions for adjusting the settings of


your computer through the Control Panel
1. Give your desktop background a makeover by
exploring the Display feature. This way you can
personalize your workplace!
2. Go to Folder Option, click the View tab, and
under the Advanced settings mark the button
that says Show hidden files and folders.
3. Under the Accessibility Options, check Use
MouseKeys then set the pointer top speed to
the highest and the pointer acceleration to the
fastest. Test afterwards using the numeric
keypad and see if the mouse cursor moves
even if you dont touch the mouse. Make sure
you use the mouse keys when NumLock is off
(tick the radio button).

4. Open Power Options and access the


drop-down menu for Turn off monitor.
Select After 10 mins. This will
deactivate your monitor if you dont do
anything for 10 minutes.
5. Convert your mouse into a lefty
mouse by switching the primary and
secondary buttons.
6. Read the system properties of your PC
by double-clicking System. Here you will
find your PCs total volatile memory
capacity and the microprocessor.

Class
dismissed!