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Protestant

Reformation

Reform: to change
Protest: to go against
Protestant Reformation
new Christian churches
different from the Catholic
Church (the original Christian Church)

The

What was the Protestant Reformation?


CHRISTIANITY

CATHOLIC

PROTESTANT

Why did the Reformation start

Catholic Church had too


much power
Catholic leaders lived
lavish and ungodly
lives

Why would these cathedrals


make people mad????

Church started selling Indulgences


payment to get out of Purgatory.
Pope Leo X needed $ for St. Peters
Basilica in Rome

But wait, theres more . . .


Black Death made people doubt
religion
Renaissance changed peoples
thoughts
Humanism, Secularism

Catholic church went against science


People were tired of all their money
going to Italy for the Church

Martin Luther 1483-1546

German monk lived a righteous life


Worried about going to heaven
Studied a lot
- found his answer in Romans 1:17 For in
the gospel the righteousness of God is
revealeda righteousness that is by
faithfrom first to last,[e]just as it is
written: The righteous will live by
faith.
Faith, not good deeds, led to salvation

Luther posted his 95


Theses Oct. 31, 1517

On the church
door in
Wittenberg
Spelled out what
the church was
doing wrong

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V


declared Luther an outlaw
Luther went into hiding at his
friends (Frederick of Saxony)
castle
Translated the Bible into German
Made the Pope (Leo X) and the
Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V)
REALLY mad
Broke from the Catholic church

Christianity

Catholic

Protestant

Lutheran

Calvinism
Presbyterian

PuritanHugeunots

John Calvin (1509-1564)


Predestination belief that long
ago God decided
who would gain
salvation.
People belong to
one of two
groups: saints or
sinners.

How a person lived life would


show if they had been chosen
or not
Wealth and possessions were
valued (if you had a lot of
money and stuff, it meant God
liked you and had chosen you to
be saved)
Simplified worship services
Stressed hard work, honesty,
and morality

Reformation in England
King Henry VIII

Was once a defender of the Church.

Married
Catherine of
Aragon

a Spanish

Princess.

She did not give


him a son

Hey Clement VII


how about
hooking me up
with a divorce
after all Ive done
for you?!

Fine!! Ill
make my
own church!!
Ill be in
charge of it
and will get a
divorce!!

Let me
think
about
it.

No.

The Church of England


Henry broke away
from The Church
and made a new
church

The Church of England = the Anglican


Church.
The EXACT same as the Catholic
Church, only easier to get a divorce
Lots of English didnt want this
new church led to problems
which the King crushed

Enter Henrys Wives


Write these down so you can write
what happened to them:
1. Catherine of Aragon
2. Anne Boleyn
3. Jane Seymour
4. Anne of Cleves
5. Catherine Howard
6. Catherine Parr

Henrys wives
Wife 1
Catherine
of Aragon
Had a
daughter Mary
No son
annulled.

Henrys wives
Wife 2
Anne
Boleyn
Had a
daughter Elizabeth
No son
Beheaded

Henrys wives
Wife 3
Jane
Seymour
Son!!!
Died
having the
son
(Edward

Henrys wives
Wife 4
Anne of
Cleves
Thought
she was
disgusting
annulled

Henrys wives
Wife 5
Catherine
Howard
Had affairs
Beheaded

Henrys wives
Wife 6
Catherine
Parr
Survived
him

After Henry VIII died


Son Edward VI
ruled for 6 years
(ages 9-15)
Died
Lady Jane Grey
became queen

Mary I (Henrys oldest


daughter)
Had Lady Jane
Grey beheaded
after 9 days
Mary was
Queen for 2
years
Returned
England to
Catholic
Tried to get rid of
Protestants
Bloody Mary

You're hotter
than papa bears
porridge!, lets
get married!
And, get rid of
your sister!

Philip II King
of Spain

OK you
smooth
talking hunk
of man!

Mary I, Queen of
England. First
daughter of Henry
VIII, was a Catholic

Get away from


me, you
disgusting pig!

You should
change your
name to WIFI
because we have
a connection!!
The whole time I
was married to
your sister, I
really wanted you

She wants
me, bad!

Elizabeth I , new
queen of England
(Marys sister), was a
Protestant.

Queen Elizabeth I returned


England to Protestantism

Protestant

Catholic

-Jesus offers
-Salvation is
-Jesussalvation but
. the
lived,
was
you must
free gift of
crucified and
work to get it.
God, you
resurrected.
cannot
earn
it.
-Only God can
-Popes can
forgive sins

forgive sins.
-Communion
and baptism
-Regular
-Only clergy
are very
church
make decisions
members help important in the church.
make
decisions.