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# Fluid Mechanics I Review

Introduction

What is Fluid?

Viscosity

## Compressibility of Fluids. Bulk Modulus.

Speed of Sound

Vapor Pressure

Surface Tension

Fluid Statics

Pressure at a point

fluid

Barometer

## Manometry. Piezometer tube, U-tube manometer, differential

manometer, inclined tube manometer

## Pressure variation in a fluid with rigid body motion

Bernoulli Equation

Streamline coordinates

F = ma normal to streamline

Free jets
Confined flows

Cavitation

## Bernoullis 1738 treatise Hydrodynamica contains many excellent sketches of

flow patterns related to his frictionless relation. One, however, redrawn here as
Fig. P3.155, seems physically misleading. Can you explain what might be wrong
with the figure?

## Bernoullis 1738 treatise Hydrodynamica contains many excellent sketches of

flow patterns related to his frictionless relation. One, however, redrawn here as
Fig. P3.155, seems physically misleading. Can you explain what might be wrong
with the figure?

Solution: If friction is neglected and the exit pipe is fully open, then pressure in the
closed piezometer tube would be atmospheric and the fluid would not rise at
all in the tube. The open jet coming from the hole in the tube would have V 2 gh
and would rise up to nearly the same height as the water in the tank.

Fluid Kinematics

Velocity field
Continuum hypothesis
Eulerian and Lagrangian flow description
One-, Two-, and Three- dimensional flows
Stream lines, streaklines, and pathlines

## Finite Control Volume Analysis

Continuity equation

Energy equation

## Similitude, Dimensional Analysis

and Modeling

Dimensional analysis

Buckingham Pi theorem

Moody chart
Minor losses