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PRESENTATION

ON
BIPARTITE AND TRIPARTITE

By
Rima talukdar

TRIPARTITE

Tripartitemeans composed of or split into three parts, or refers to


three parties.
Tripartism is a system of labour relations in which the state,
employers, and workers are autonomous yet interdependent partners,
pursuing common interests and participating in decisions affecting
them in a binding spirit of mutuality and reciprocity. This can take
place at either or both macro and micro levels.
The tripartite body was established to make peace and improve relations
between management and unions, and maintain smooth functioning of
union management relations.
Tripartite forums evolve norms or standards in the form of guidelines.
There are a number of tripartite bodies which operate at the Central
and State levels.

THE PURPOSE OF THE TRIPARTITE


BODY IS TO
1.

2.
3.
4.

Bring the aggravated parties together for mutual


settlement of differences, and encourage a spirit of
cooperation and goodwill.
Promote uniformity in labor laws and legislation.
Discuss all matters of All India importance as between
employers and employees.
Determine a plan for settlement for all disputes.

TRIPARTITE BODIES - INDIA

Some of the notable tripartite bodies are The

Indian Labour Conference (ILC)


The Standing Labour Committee (SLC)
The Committee on Conventions
The Industrial committee

Other bodies of tripartite nature which deals in various


aspects of labour problems Steering Committee on Wages
Central Implementation and Evaluation Machinery
Central Boards of Workers Education
National Productivity Council

BIPARTITE BODIES:

Bipartism is a system of industrial relations where social and


labour issues are discussed between trade unions and
management, usually at the enterprise level.
The bipartite consultative machinery comprises of groups
like Works Committee and Joint Management Council.
These are purely consultative and not negotiating bodies,
with equal representations of the employers and the workers.
The bipartite consultation machinery was established around
1920, to democratize Indian industrial relations.

WORKS COMMITTEE

These committees were established within the industrial


units to prevent and settle disputes at the unit level.
They comprise of equal representatives of the
management and workmen. The main objective of works
committee are:
To

remove the causes of friction in the day to day work


situation by providing an effective grievance-resolving
machinery.
To promote measures securing amity and good relationship.
To serve as an important adjunct in continuing bargaining
system
To strengthen the spirit of voluntary settlement and
conciliation.

JOINT MANAGEMENT COUNCIL


to promote cordial relations between the employer and
employees;
to build up understanding and trust between them
to promote measures which lead to substantial increase in
productivity;
to secure better administration of welfare measures and
adequate safety measures;
to train the employees in understanding the responsibilities
of management of the undertaking and in sharing such
responsibilities to the extent considered feasible .