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Scientific

Management
= management of a business, industry, or economy, according to
principles of efficiency derived from experiments in methods of
work and production, especially from time-and-motion studies.

Frederick W. Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor is a
controversial figure in management
history. His innovations in industrial
engineering, particularly in time and
motion studies, paid off in dramatic
improvements in productivity. At the
same time, he has been credited
with destroying the soul of work, of
dehumanizing factories, making
men into automatons.

EFORE
AFTER
Before<
& After

The idea was first propounded by Frederick


Winslow Taylor, partly in response to a motivational
problem, which at the time was called soldiering
Scientific management was the first big management idea to reach a

MAIN ELEMENTS OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT


WORK STUDY- embracing
techniques to obtain the best
possible results out of proper
use of resources of all kinds.
STANDARDISATION OF TOOLS AND
EQUIPMENT- The best way of doing
the work is in the use of tools and
equipment
SCIENTIFIC SELECTION, PLACEMENT
AND TRAINING- The secret of
efficiency and quality stands in the
chosen people for the jobs.

MAIN ELEMENTS OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT

DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONAL
FORMANSHIP- Planning and
designing should not be a must.
INTRODUCING COSTING SYSTEMInnovative way of calculating
cost/unit and total cost/production.
MENTAL REVOLUTION- Scientific
approach of ones mind means
radical changes in the approach to
solve problems regarding work
and managerial control.

- Better Quality Products


- Benefits of Division of Labor
-Avoidance of Disputes between Labor and
Management
-Increased Wages
-Gains to Owners/Investors
-Proper Methods of Selection and Training
of Workers
-Provision of Better Working Conditions
-Instructions to Workers
-Lesser Production Time
-Better Utilization of Resources
-Gains to Consumers
-Beneficial to the Nation

ADVANTAGES

organizations only ; unsuitable


in big firms
-Managerial decisions may
involve strictness and stress
for managers due to need for
complete control over the work
place
-Influences feelings of pressure
among workers
-May de-motivate workers

Disadvantages

-Effective work ethics yield more


respect, morals, and values in
relationship toward working
personnel, administration,
community and company rules and
regulations
-Has standardized best practices
-Made knowledge transfer possible
between workers and between
workers and tools

EFFECTS

In the past the man has


been first; in the future the
system must be first... The
first object of any good
system must be that of
developing first class men.
FREDERICK W. TAYLOR

Sources:

http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/Taylorism.html
http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/management/scientific-manag
ement-six-basic-elements-of-scientific-management/25628
/
http://www.skymark.com/resources/leaders/taylor.asp