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Energy

& its transformations

Energy = the ability to do ______________

Mechanical Energy = the amount


of work an object can do because
of the objects ______________ and
potential energies
Mechanical energy = potential
energy + kinetic energy

nergy = the ability to do ___WORK____

Mechanical Energy = the amount


of work an object can do because
of the objects ___KINETIC___ and
potential energies
Mechanical energy = potential
energy + kinetic energy

Potential Energy =
________________ energy. In other
words, it is the energy that an
object has because of the
position, shape, or condition of
the object.

Potential Energy =
___STORED____ energy. In other
words, it is the energy that an
object has because of the
position, shape, or condition of
the object.

Types of Potential Energy:

Stored mechanical energy


= energy that an object has
due to its stored energy of
position.
Examples rubber bands,
springs

Nuclear energy = energy


locked in the ____________ of
the atom.
Example nuclear power
plants split atoms in a
process called fission.

Nuclear energy = energy


locked in the __NUCLEUS__ of
the atom.
Example nuclear power
plants split atoms in a
process called fission.

Chemical Energy = the


______________ stored in food,
wood, coal, petroleum, and other
fuels.
Examples
Chemical bond energy braking bonds between
_________________ or
molecules
Phase change energy the
energy it takes to rearrange

Chemical Energy = the


__ENERGY___ stored in food,
wood, coal, petroleum, and other
fuels.
Examples
Chemical bond energy braking bonds between
__COMPOUNDS__ or
molecules
Phase change energy the
energy it takes to rearrange

Gravitational Energy = energy


stored as a result of gravitational
forces concentrated by the earth for
the object.
Example - Water held back by a
dam.
Gravitational potential energy
depends of weight and height
An objects gravitational potential
energy can be found by the
following equation:
GPE = w x h
w=
weight in newtons (N)

Types of Kinetic Energy:

Electricity = energy
produced when something
upsets the balancing force
between ______________ and
protons in atoms.

Types of Kinetic Energy:

Electricity = energy
produced when something
upsets the balancing force
between ___Electrons___ and
protons in atoms.

Light or Radiant Energy =


waves that emit _________.
Examples include: radio
and television waves,
gamma rays, and x-rays.

Light or Radiant Energy =


waves that emit __light__.
Examples include: radio
and television waves,
gamma rays, and x-rays.

Heat or Thermal Energy =


energy created by _______.
The hotter an object becomes
and the more thermal energy
it possesses.

Heat or Thermal Energy =


energy created by
_FRICTION__. The hotter an
object becomes and the more
thermal energy it possesses.

Movement = the energy


used when a living thing
moves.
Example = riding a bike,
walking, running, growing