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Google Slides: Matter: States of Matter, Density, and Phase Cha

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Notes from 1st video
VOCABULARY
Inference- a guess based on
Observations
observations
are information collected with
the 5 senses
Observations- information collected
The act of noticing
with the five senses
Quantitive is measurable or
countable
SUMMARY
Qualitative is describable and
not measurable
Observations are information from the
five senses and inferences are an
Inferences
educational guess based on
Conclusions or deductions
observations.
based on observations
A decision that is based on
what is noted during
QUESTIONS
observations
none

VOCABULARY
Nucleus- a small dense center in the
atom

Rutherfords Experiment
Emitted alpha particles
(positively charged
particles) at a thin sheet
of gold foil

SUMMARY
Thompson predicted that the alpha
particles would pass through the gold
foil, but they didnt.
QUESTIONS

Based on the Thompson


model, Rutherford
thought that all the alpha
particles would pass
through the gold foil

none
Instead of all the
particles passing through
the gold foil, some were

VOCABULARY
Alpha particles- helium nucleus emitted
by some radioactive substances

SUMMARY
Alpha particles cannot go directly
through a thin sheet of gold.

QUESTIONS
none

Rufferds Animation
The Geiger-Marsden
Experiment was done
by Hans Geiger and
Ernest Marsden in
1909
They measured
deflection of alpha
particles directly
onto a thin sheet of
gold foil

Under the prevailing


plum pudding model,
the alpha particles

VOCABULARY
Electron shell- the outer part of the atom
thats around the atomic nucleus

Electron Shell Model of the Atom


(1913)
the area in which electrons are
orbiting around the
nucleus is called an electron shell or orbit
each electron shell can only hold a
certain number of
electrons

SUMMARY
The area where electrons are orbiting
around the nucleus is an electron shell.

Once the shell is filled, the next


outer shell begins to get

filled.
Electron Shell Theory
1st shell holds:

QUESTIONS
none

2 electrons

2nd shell holds:

8 electrons

3rd shell holds:

8 electrons

4th shell holds:

18 electrons

5th shell holds:

18 electrons

6th and 7th holds:

32 electrons

VOCABULARY

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

VOCABULARY

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS