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DIGESTIVE

SYSTEM

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM?
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM IS THE
SYSTEM IN WHICH THE FOOD TAKEN
WILL BE ACTED UPON BY PHYSICAL
AND CHEMCAL PROCESSES INORDER
TO PROVIDE THE ABSORBAL
NUTRIENTS TO THE BODY AND ALSO
EXCRETE WASTE MATERIAL FROM THE
BODY.

MAJOR PARTS OF HUMAN


DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
MOUTH

ESOPHAGUS
STOMACH
SMALL INTESTINE
PANCREAS
LIVER
GALL BLADDER
COLON OR LARGE INTESTINE
RECTUM
ANUS

FUCTIONS OF ORGANS IN THE


DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
ORGANS

FUNCTIONS

MOUTH

KEEPS THE FOOD FOR CHEWING

TEETH

CUTS THE FOOD INTO SMALL PIECES

SALIVARY
GLANDS

PRODUCES SALIVA CONTAINING DIGESTIVE ENZYME


(AMALYSE)

TONGUE

TASTES THE FOOD

OESOPHAGUS

CHANNELS THE FOOD FROM THE MOUTH INTO THE


STOMACH

STOMACH

PRODUCES DIGESTIVE ENZYMES(RENNIN AND PROTEASE)

DUEODENUM

DIGESTS THE FOOD WITH THE HELP OF ENZYMES FROM


PANCREAS

PANCREAS

PRODUCES DIGESTIVE ENZYMES(AMALYSE, PROTEASE,


LIPASE)

LIVER

PRODUCES BILE FOR EMULSIFYING FATS

GALL BLADDER

STORES BILE FROM THE LIVER

SMALL INTESTINE PRODUCES DIGESTIV ENZYMES AND COMPLETES THE


UNDIGESTED FOOD

COMMON DIGESTIVE
DISORDERS

Cholangitis, gallstones and cholecystitis.


Rectal problems such as anal fissure, hemorrhoids,
procitis and rectal prolapse.
Esophagus problems such as stricture and achalasia.
Liver problems such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cirrhosis,
liver failure, auto immune and alcoholic hepatitis.
Pancreatitis and pancreatic pseudocyst.
Intestinal diseases such as celiac disease and
diverticulitis.
GERD, peptic ulcer disease and hiatal hernia.

SOME CAUSES OF
DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
Smoking
Consumption of alcohol
Intake of junk foods
Not chewing the food properly

SYMPTOMS FOR DIGESTIVE


SYSTEM DISORDERS

Bleeding
Bloating
Constipation
Diarrhea
Stomach ache
Nausea and vomiting
Heart burn
Incontinence
Swallowing problems

DIAGNOSIS FOR DIGESTIVE


DISORDERS
Colonscopy
CT scan
MRI scan
Radio nuclide
scanning
X-ray

TREATMENTS FOR DIGESTIVE


DISORDERS
Endoscopy
Laparoscopy
Surgery
Replacement

therapy and
other medications