Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 21

State of Philippine

Environment
FOREST, AGRICULTURE & MARINE

BY:
JOHN LESTER JUNIO
JASMIN MARIE LLEGUE

ENVIRONMENT FRAMEWORK
SECTION 16 ARTICLE II
1987 PHILIPPINES
CONSTITUTION

The State shall protect and advance


the right of the people to a balanced
and healthful ecology in accord with
the rhythm and harmony of nature.

FORESTS
Source of:
Food
Water
Clean air
Electricity
Shelter
Livelihood
The Philippine forests are
among the most diverse in
the world but also among
the most endangered.

FORESTS
one of the countries that are losing their forest
cover rapidly
ranking 4th in the worlds top 10 most
threatened forest hotspots with the rate of
157,400 hectares per year
MOSSY FOREST

MANGROOVE

MT. PULAG BENGUET

PALAWAN

PINE FOREST
MOLAVE FOREST

SARANGANI

SAGADA MT.PROVINCE

FORESTS
DEFORESTATION
forest cover of the Philippines dropped
from
70% down to 20%.
46 species are endangered
4 were already eradicated completely
3.2 rainforest left
from 1934 to 1988 9.8 million ha of
forest were lost

EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION
Not only the typical giant trees will
disappear more and more, also
more than 3500 species of plants
and animals, many of them only
found in the Philippines, will
disappear, for always.

REFORESTATION

ANTI LOGGING CAMPAIGN

AGRICULTURE
The Philippines has vast
land resources suitable for
agriculture, but agricultural
production is in crisis. The
land as ecosystem is in
various stages of
degradation.

STATE OF PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE


Land Degradation
-Soil erosion
- Recurrent drought degrades parts of food
producing regions
Pollution
- Chemical-based agri practices
- 80-90% of rice fields 'addicted' to HYVs

TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURE:
1. Encourage investments in agriculture that
promote area-based development
2. Prioritize investments that can increase and
sustain productivity
3. Ensure well-functioning irrigation systems and an
efficient transport infrastructure
4. Invest in programs that will increase resilience to
climate risks and disasters, as well as pests and
diseases
5. Promote greater private sector investments and
support.

MARINE
The Philippines is richest in marine
biodiversity and has the longest
discontinuous coastline and one of
the richest coral reefs in the world.
But fish production is in crisis and
fishing and breeding grounds are
diminishing.

The Governments monitoring


data indicates:
Just over a third or 36 % of the
countrys river systems are classified as
sources of public water supply:
36% PUBLIC WATER
58% GROUND WATER and is
contaminated

The irony of bountiful seas:

Declining catch
Declining maximum sustainable yields
Degraded coral reefs
Decreasing mangrove areas
Pollution
Overfishing
- 90% fish stocks depleted in 50 years
Degradation of marine environment
- Only 4% of coral reefs in good condition
Monopoly control of fishery resources
Open access policies
Privatization of municipal fisheries

10 THINGS YOU CAN DO TO SAVE MARINE


ENVIRONMENT
1. Mind Your Carbon Footprint and Reduce Energy
Consumption
2. Make Safe, Sustainable Seafood Choices
3. Use Fewer Plastic Products
4. Help Take Care of the Beach
5. Don't Purchase Items That Exploit Marine Life
6. Be an Ocean-Friendly Pet Owner
7. Support Organizations Working to Protect the
Ocean
8. Influence Change in Your Community
9. Travel the Ocean Responsibly
10. Educate Yourself About Oceans and Marine Life

THANK YOU !!!