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Abortion

Abortion
Is a complex problem which can be studied in the li
ght of medical, legal, social, and moral perspectives.
Is a legal problem because it poses some questions
on the extent to which society and lawmakers shoul
d bat around.
It is social problem because it involves social issue s
uch as broken families, unwed mither, rape vicitims
and issue of poverty.
It is moral problem because it deals with a human a
ct involving anticipient life, specifically with regard t
o its nature and control.

Notions of abortion
Abortion - derived from the latin verbs aborio
r, aboriri, and abortus which means to set; to
disappear; to fail; or to perish by untimely birth.

Termination of 1st trimester of its existence.


Second trimester - Miscarriage
Last trimester - premature birth

Abortion -separation of living fetus fro


m the uterus.

Embryotomy - dismembering or evisecr


ationof the fetus.

Termination of ectopic pregnancy - removal of the no


nviable fetus from an extrauterine site of gestation.

Methods of Abortion
Dilation and Curettage - commonly called "D and
C," is employed for early termination of pregnanc
y.
Suction and Curettage - other method used for earl
y termination of pregnancy, this method is differe
nt from the method used in D and C.
Hysterectomy - used in late pregnancy, a miniatur
e Caesarean operation.
Saline induction - other method used in late pregn
ancy, also called salt poisoning.

Kinds of Abortion

Spontaneous-refers to the premature expulsion of the e


mbryo brought about by nature, not by any outside age
nt.
Induced-involves the premature expulsion of the embr
yo by the deliberate action undertaken by a person. It i
s the destruction of the life of the embryo or the remov
al of the embryo which is precipitated by some intentio
nal act of the pregnant woman or another person befor
e the embryo grows to the point where it can survive.

Methods of Abortion

Self-induced Abortion-includes insertion of catheters, wire hangers, umbrella


ribs, and knitting needles; the injection of soap solution; the utilization of a
douche of green soap and glycerin and a uterine paste, and drinking of flavor
ed liquids, etc...

Dilation and Curettage - commonly called "D an


d C," is employed for early termination of pregna
ncy.
Suction and Curettage - other method used for e
arly termination of pregnancy, this method is dif
ferent from the method used in D and C

Hysterectomy - used in late pregnancy, a miniat


ure Caesarean operation.
Saline induction - other method used in late preg
nancy, also called salt poisoning.

Motivations of Proponen
ts of Abortion

1. To safeguard the life of the mother.


This is the therapeutic motivation.
It involves the justification of abortion if and when t
he physical health of mother is in danger.

2. Abortion as a womans right.


the fetus is but part and parcel of the body of a wom
an which she owns and controls.

3. Abortion as an expression of a womans s


exual freedom.
women are now liberated from their status of bein
g second-class citizens as compared to men.

4.The fetus is not human


fetus does not have human nature and, therefore it
is not a person; that it is just an object and, thus, it
has no rights

5. The unwanted child syndrome


Abortion by people who categorize their offspring
who come after who come after the first and secon
d children as unwanted.

6. To stave off the birth of a potentially deformed c


hild
This is the eugenic motivation.

7. Abortion as a means of improving the quality lif


e.
Helps to stabilize and uplift the socioeconomic condi
tions of the family in particular, and of the country i
n general.

8. Abortion as means of controlling the population


.
Human species multiply by leaps and bounds