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Sustainable Built Environment

and

GRIHA

(Green Rating For Integrated Habitat Assessment)

BY
MUKUL SAINI
ET (ARCH.)
ARCHITECTURE
D E PA R T M E N T
(CIVIL DESIGN)

Structure

OF

Presentation

Indian Context
Elements of a Sustainable Habitat
Elements contributing to Sustainable Habitat
Generalized Framework
Energy Balance
Necessity of Green Buildings
Characteristics of Green Buildings
Genesis of Rating System
GRIHA Variants
GRIHA and its Criterion

Indian context
Urbanization
Number of large cities to increase
Energy security : fuel import dependency, coal

dependency increasing
Energy shortages already, low per capita
energy consumption; environmental
considerations
Sustainable habitats
Integrated planning esp. for cities
Self-sufficient neighborhood

Elements of Sustainable Habitat


Built
Environment
Buildings
Choice of materials
Location of Building
Smart Buildings (bldgs. as
generators of energy)
Efficient appliances and
fixtures

Surroundings
Optimal allocation of
land
Transport
systems and
infrastructure
Environmental
management - Water &
waste
Energy security
renewable
sources and energy
efficiency

Elements
contributing
sustainable habitat

to

Density:

It is the concentration of population, dwelling units,


employment or any other variable over a specific area which can be either
gross or net

Design:

the street network which is pedestrian oriented rather


than auto and whose characteristics include side walk, inter connection
with in the streets, number of intersection, pedestrian crossing, street
lighting

Diversity:

It is a measure of variety of land uses present in a


given area on the basis of floor area, employment and land area

Distance to transit: the average of the shortest street


routes from home or work to the nearest rail stations and bus stops

Destination accessibility:

the ease with which one can


access the trip attraction to both local (market) and regional (jobs)
destinations

Generalised framework
Density

Diversity

Design

Destina tion Accessibility


Distance to Transit

Walkabilit
y
INCREASED

Transit
Use

Vehicle Miles
Tra velled
DECREASE
D

C o n t ro l l e d b u i l t e n v i ro n m e n t
Tr a n s i t O r i e n t e d D e v e l o p m e n t
Lo w e r d e p e n d e n c e o n n o n re n e w a b l e re s o u rce s ( cre a t i n g e n e rg y s e cu r i t y )
Re d u c e d G H G e m i s s i o n s

Energy balance
Sustainable
Energy
Demand
Day lighting integration
in design
Natural ventilation /
thermal comfort
Efficient building
envelop design
Efficient indoor and
external lighting
fixtures
Automatic controls
Efficient HVAC systems
Equipment to meet
ECBC standards

Supply
External lighting
(Street, landscaping,
architectural)

Building lighting
(Day lighting &Artificial
lighting)

Building space
conditioning
Equipment
(Transformer/pumps/motor
s etc.)

Energy
generation from
RE energy

Solar
Wind
Bio Gas
Geo thermal

CHARACTERISTICS OF GREEN AND


SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS

Efficient management of energy and


water resources
Management of material resources and
waste
Restoration and protection of
environmental quality
Enhancement and protection of health
and indoor environmental quality
Reinforcement of natural systems
Analysis of the life cycle costs and
benefits of materials and methods
Integration of the design decision-making
process

GRIHA-Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment

Tool to facilitate design, construction,


operation of a green building ,and in turn
.measure greenness of a building in India

What gets measured gets managed

Genesis
TERI Retreat

2000

2000

Over 100
audits

TERI- GRIHA

2005

CPW
D
adopt
s
GRIH
A

ECB
C

2007

2001

Advent of LEED:
CII-Sorabhji
Godrej Green
Business Centre,
HyderabadPlatinum Rated

2007

Capacity
building
GRIHA
certified
Trainers
and
Evaluators

2009

2008

NMSH

GRIHA LD
GRIHA
android
app

2010

2009

Setting
up of
ADaRSH

2011

2011

2011

GRIHA
adopted
by PCMC

2013

2012

SVA
GRIHA
Product
catalogue

Variants of GRIHA
SVAGRIHA

GRIHA

GRIHA LD

100 2499
sqm

2500
1,50,000 sqm

> 50 hectare
site area

GRIHA RATING SYSTEM


Set of 34 criteria
100 (+4 innovation points)
Point system with differential weight age on
various Criteria
50-60
61-70
71-80
81-90
91-100

KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF GRIHA


Sets out guidelines for design, construction and
operation
Combination of qualitative and quantitative criteria
Sets performances benchmarks for key resources
like, energy and water
Facilitates integration of traditional knowledge on
architecture with present day technology
Integrates
all
relevant
Indian
codes
and
standards(e.g National building code 2005, Energy
Conservation Building Code 2007, IS codes)
Is in complete alignment with government policies
and programs (e.g Environmental clearance by the
MoEF)

NO.

CRITERION

POINTS

Site selection

Preserve and protect landscape during


construction

Soil conservation (till post-construction)

Design to include existing site features

Reduce hard paving on-site and/or


provide shaded
hard-paved surfaces

Enhance outdoor lighting system


efficiency and
use renewable energy system for
meeting outdoor lighting requirements

Plan utilities efficiently and optimize


on-site
circulation efficiency

Provide minimum level of


sanitation/safety facilities for
construction workers

Reduce air pollution during construction

SITE
PLANNING

HEALTH
AND
WELL
BEING

NO.

CRITERION

POINTS

10

Reduce landscape water requirement

11

Reduce water use in the building

12

Efficient water use during construction

13

Optimize building design to reduce


conventional
energy demand

14

Optimize energy performance of


building within
specified comfort limits

15

Utilization of fly-ash in building


structure

16

Reduce volume, weight, and


construction time by
adopting efficient technologies (such as
pre-cast systems)

17

Use low-energy material in interiors

18

Renewable energy utilization

19

Renewable-energy-based hot water


system

20

Waste water treatment

16

BUILDING
PLANNING
AND
CONSTRUC
TION STAGE

RECYCLE,R
ECHARGE
&REUSE

NO.

CRITERION

POINTS

22

Reduction in waste during construction

23

Efficient waste segregation

24

Storage and disposal of wastes

25

Resource recovery from waste

26

Use low-VOC paints/adhesives/sealants

27

Minimize ozone depleting substances

28

Ensure water quality

29

Acceptable outdoor and indoor noise


levels

30

Tobacco smoke control

31

Provide at least the minimum level of


accessibility for persons with
disabilities

32

Energy audit and validation

MANDATOR
Y

33

Operation and maintenance

34

Innovation points

WASTE
MANAG
EMENT

HEALTH
&WELL
BEING

Can you design a green building?


1.By adopting the integrated design approach such that the client,
architect, engineers, and consultants design the building in a
coordinated manner with a common goal sustainability.
2.By following regional development plans (such as the UDPFI
guidelines, master plans) and local building by-laws
3.By following Indias national codes and standards
4.By optimizing site conditions (trees, water bodies, wind-flow,
orientation, etc.) and harnessing them to cater to the thermal /
visual comfort requirements of the building
5.By adopting sound architectural practices and taking examples
from Indias traditional architecture
6.By adopting locally available construction materials and giving
impetus to local arts, crafts, architecture and artisans
7.By designing precisely-sized energy systems and not basing them
on broad thumb-rules
8.By reducing the resource consumption of the building and its
inhabitants so that the waste generating there-from is reduced
9.By adopting energy efficient technologies (EETs) and equipment
10.By adopting renewable energy technology (RETs) applications to
reduce the demand on conventional energy

THANK YOU