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OPEN UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA

Fakulti Sains Sosial Gunaan


Faculty of Applied Social Sciences
MAN, SOCIETY AND CULTURE /
MANUSIA, MASYARAKAT DAN BUDAYA
(ABXM1103)
MOHD SOHAIMI ESA

Objektif Kursus
1. Hubungkait antara manusia, masyarakat
dan budaya dalam kehidupan seharian.
2. Manusia sebagai insan sosial dalam
masyarakat.
3. Kelainan budaya dari segi sistem nilai,
agama, kekerabatan dan amalan sosial.

Course Topic
TOPIK 1: BUDAYA DAN MASYARAKAT
TOPIK 2: METODOLOGI DAN ANTROPOLOGI
TOPIK 3: PERKAHWINAN DAN KEKERABATAN
TOPIK 4: SISTEM KEPERCAYAAN DAN AGAMA
TOPIK 5: SISTEM PENGELUARAN
TOPIK 6: SISTEM PERTUKARAN

TOPIK 7 : POLITIK DAN KAWALAN SOSIAL


TOPIK 8 : STRATIFIKASI SOSIAL
TOPIK 9 : HUBUNGAN ETNIK
TOPIK 10: APLIKASI ILMU ANTROPOLOGI

Assessment Info
TYPE OF ASSESSMENTS
ITEMS
TOTAL MARK TOTAL(%)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------COURSEWORK
ASSIGNMENT
30
30
FINALEXAM
PART A
20
20
FINALEXAM
PART B
60
30
FINAL EXAM
PART C
20
20

TOPIC 1
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
LEARNING OUTCOMES

1. Define culture.
2. Elaborate on the field of
anthropology.
3. Explain the characteristics of
culture.
4. Explain the concept of man as
a social being.

Figure1.1: Is John rude?

1.1 DEFINITION OF CULTURE


Culture is that complex whole which
includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law,
custom and any other capabilities and habits
acquired by man as a member of society.

Figure 1.2: E. B. Tylor

Culture is a shared way of life that


consists of values, beliefs,
and taboos that are passed down from
generation to generation in a society
through the process of enculturation.

1.2 FIELD OF ANTHROPOLOGY


- The word anthropology consists of two Greek words,
anthropos (human) and logos (knowledge).
Anthropology means knowledge about humans.
Anthropology is knowledge about man, society, and
culture.
- studying other related disciplines such as sociology,
psychology, political science, philosophy, and literature.

Figure 1.3: Man as a social being

1.3 CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE


1) Culture is shared / Dikongsi
Culture is a social phenomenon that is shared
by members of society.
2) Culture is learned / Dipelajari
Culture is learned as we are interacting with our social
environment through the process of enculturation.
3) Culture is taken for granted / Tidak Kelihatan
Culture is always influencing our thoughts and actions
because it has become a part of our daily habits.

4. Culture influences biological processes /


Proses Biologi
As biological beings, we all have the same
biological needs.
5. Culture is always changing / Saling Berubah
Culture changes in the following ways:
i. Innovation
ii. Cultural diffusion

6. Culture is universal
that many common things are shared by
all cultures.
7. Culture is adaptive or maladaptive
i. Cultural adaptability ensures the survival
of society.
ii. maladaptive when it fails to contribute
to mans survival.

8. Culture Is Integrated
Many aspects are not independent of
each other but are in fact mutually
influential.
KPT-BUSAMI