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Introduction

The social sciences are the fields of scholarship that study society.
"Social science" is commonly used as an umbrella term to refer to a
plurality of fields outside of the natural sciences.
These include: anthropology, archaeology, business administration,
communication, criminology, economics, education, government,
linguistics, international relations, political science, sociology and, in
some contexts, geography, history, law, and psychology.

Meaning of Social Science, Natural Science and Humanities

1. Social Science :
The field of human knowledge that deals with all
aspects of the group life of human beings. So it
is subject to change with the changes the human
behavior.

Meaning of Social Science, Natural Science and Humanities


2. Natural Science:
a branch of science that seeks to elucidate the rules
that govern the natural world by using the Empirical
and Scientific method.
Subject areas:
Physics
Chemistry
Biology
Earth science
Astronomy

Meaning of Social Science, Natural Science and Humanities


3. Humanities
are academic disciplines that study the human
condition, using methods that are primarily analytical,
critical, or speculative.
ancient and modern Languages,
Visual and Performing Arts such as music
Theatre Arts.
literature, history, philosophy, religion.

Various Social Science Disciplines

Various Social Science Disciplines


Anthropology
Business studies
Economics
Education
Geography
History
Industrial relations
Law
Philosophy
Political science
Psychology
Public administration

Important Social Science Disciplines


Anthropology
Anthropology is the
holistic "science of
man," - a science of the
totality of human
existence.
1. Physical
Anthropology

Various Social Science Disciplines

Economics
is the social science that analyzes the
production, distribution, and
consumption of goods and services.

Queen of social Science

Various Social Science Disciplines

Economics
Its subject matter is often summarized as:
1. Production
2. Distribution
3. Consumption

Various Social Science Disciplines

Economics
Some of the topics includes are:
1. Supply and demand
2. Monetary and fiscal policy
3. Costs
4. Inflation
5. Unemployment
Economics seeks to explain, guide and predict
social arrangements by which we satisfy
economic wants.

Various Social Science Disciplines


Geography
Geography is the science that studies the lands, features, inhabitants,
and phenomena of Earth. As "the bridge between the human and
physical sciences
Physical Geography: environment and
how space is created, viewed and
managed by humans as well as the
influence humans have on the space they

Human Geography examines the

occupy

natural environment and how the


climate, vegetation & life, soil,
water and landforms are produced
and interact.

Various Social Science Disciplines


Geography
Concerns of geography are:
1. Ecology
2. Climate
3. Resources
4. Accessibility
5. Demography

4. Various Social Science Disciplines

History
Is the study of past of human in the world.

Various Social Science Disciplines

History
The study of history involves:
1. Identifying
2. Classifying
3. Arranging

Various Social Science Disciplines

Political Science
Is the study of social arrangement to maintain peace
and order within a society.
State, Politics, power, Law and ideology are
components of Political science

Various Social Science Disciplines

Political Science
It deals with government, and its interest are:
1. Politics
2. Laws
3. Administration
4.International Relations
5.Theory of the nature and functions of the
state

4. Various Social Science Disciplines

Psychology
Is the study of human soul/ mind/
behavior/ personality and how
these are effected by individuals
environment
.
It focuses on the individual and physical processes
such as:
1. Biological structure
2. Development and maturation

4. Various Social Science Disciplines

Sociology
Is the study of human social relationship or social
system or human group behavior. Sociology is the
systematic study of society and human social action.
3 major choices are:
1. Functionalism
2. Conflict
3. Interactionalism

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

1. The functionalist theory approach


2. The conflict theory approach
3. The exchange theory approach
4. The symbolic interaction theory approach

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

1. The functionalist theory approach


Structural functionalism is a broad perspective in
sociology and anthropology which sets out to
interpret society as a structure with interrelated
parts.

Emile Durkheim

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

2. The conflict theory approach


Conflict theory is most commonly associated with Karl Marx (1818-83).
Based on a dialectical materialist account history, Marxism posited
that capitalism, like previous socioeconomic systems, would inevitably
produce internal tensions leading to its own destruction.
The history of all existing society is the
history of class struggles.

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

2. The conflict theory approach

The history of all existing society is the


history of class struggles.

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

3. The exchange theory approach


The theory grew out of the intersection of economics,
psychology and sociology. According to Hormans , it was
developed to understand the social behavior of humans in
economic undertakings.

5. Approaches of Research in Social Science

4. The symbolic interaction theory approach

6.Conclusion

6.Conclusion

Questions
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