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Quick Write

Answer these two questions:


1. Why would Washington warn against

political parties and entangling alliances?


Think about the possible dangers of each.
2. If you were back in the 1790s, which party
would you be for; the Federalists or the
Republicans? Why? Think about which
philosophies you agree with.

Election of 1796

John Adams (Federalist) vs Thomas Jefferson

(Democratic-Republican)

John Adams
Federalist
From Massachusetts
LawyerHarvard
Vice President under

Washington
President 1796-1800

XYZ Affair
French angry over Jays Treaty
French continued to seize ships
Sent 3 delegates over to Paris to negotiate
Delegates were to meet with French foreign

minister Talleyrand Instead met with three


low level officials (XYZ)
XYZ tried to force American officials to pay
$250,000
Americans outraged with French
US began to build a navy seize French ships

XYZ Cartoon

Alien and Sedition Acts


Anti-French sentiment continues Americans

think French agents are everywhere.


This leads to the passage of the Alien and
Sedition Acts

Alien and Sedition Acts


Alien Acts

Raised Residence requirement to become a


citizen from 5 years to 14 years

President could deport or jail any alien


considered undesirable

Sedition Acts

Government could jail and fine

anyone who expresses false,


scandalous, and malicious
statements against the
government.

Alien and Sedition Acts


Write down on your index card:
Do you think the Alien and Sedition Acts were

constitutional? Why or why not?


Think about what they prohibit
What amendment or right does this possibly

break?

Virginia and Kentucky


Resolution
Jefferson and Madison strongly disagreed with

the Alien and Sedition Acts


Passed resolutions that were approved in KY
and VA
Stated that the Acts should be nullified
VA and KY stated that they had the right to
declare null and void federal laws that broke
the Constitution

Election of 1800
Thomas Jefferson-

DemocraticRepublican
Supported by poor
farmers
Favored Popular
Democracy &
States Rights

John Adams-Federalist

Supported by wealthy

Supported strong Fed Govt

Thomas Jefferson
From Virginia

Monticello
Anti-Federalist
Main Author of the
Declaration of
Independence
Vice President under
Adams
Third President of the
United States

Marbury vs Madison
Adams passes the Judiciary Act of 1801:

increases Supreme Court Judges to 16


Adams fills these positions the night before he
leaves office midnight judges
Marbury was one
Jefferson states that since the papers had not
been delivered the appointments were invalid

Marbury vs. Madison


Marbury sued Sec of State Madison for not

following the Judiciary Act


Chief Justice Marshall declares the Judiciary
Act is Unconstitutional
Establishes the Power of Judicial Review

Judicial Review
The ability of the Supreme Court to declare an

act of Congress unconstitutional


Constitutional: are those laws consistent with
what it says in the Constitution
Establishment of Judicial Review expands the
Supreme Courts power and the federal
governments power

Election of 1800
Thomas

JeffersonDemocraticRepublican
Supported by poor
farmers
Favored Popular
Democracy &
States Rights

John

AdamsFederalist
Supported by
wealthy
Supported strong
Fed Govt

Thomas Jefferson
From

Virginia
Monticello
Anti-Federalist
Main Author of the
Declaration of
Independence
Vice President under
Adams
Third President of the
United States

Marbury vs Madison
Adams passes the Judiciary Act of 1801:
increases Supreme Court Judges to 16
Adams fills these positions the night
before he leaves office midnight
judges
Marbury was one
Jefferson states that since the papers
had not been delivered the
appointments were invalid

Marbury vs. Madison


Marbury

sued Sec of State Madison for


not following the Judiciary Act
Chief Justice Marshall declares the
Judiciary Act is Unconstitutional
Establishes the Power of Judicial Review

Judicial Review
The

ability of the Supreme Court to


declare an act of Congress
unconstitutional
Constitutional: are those laws consistent
with what it says in the Constitution
Establishment of Judicial Review
expands the Supreme Courts power
and the federal governments power

Marshall Court
McCulloch

vs Maryland
Issue: Do states have the right to tax a
federal agency?
Decision:

No, states cannot tax a federal agency


Rule Bank of US constitutional
Strengthens federal power

Marshall Court
Gibbons

vs Ogden
Issue: Whether the New York law that
prohibited vessels (ships) licensed by
the US from navigating the waters of
New York was unconstitutional and
therefore void.
Decision:

Only Congress has the power to regulate


interstate trade

Louisiana Purchase

Louisiana Purchase
Bought

in 1803
from France
Doubles the
land
in the US
Expands
presidential
power

Lewis and Clark


Sent

to explore the new territory


Take down information and data on land,
plants and animals

Embargo of 1807
Britain

is blockading France by sea to


hurt trade seize 1,000 American Ships
Impress American Sailors (kidnap and
force American sailors to fight in British
Navy)
Jefferson declares an embargo ban on
exporting goods to other countries
Goal: to hurt Britain and other European
powers economically
Result: Hurts Americans more
Embargo lifted in 1809