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BY GRAPHING

Y = 2X + 1
Y = -X + 4
(1,3) IS THE
SOLUTION

Graphing is not the only way to


solve a system of equations. It is
not really the best way because it
has to be graphed perfectly and
some answers are not integers.
SOOOO
We need to learn another way!!!!

Like variables
must be lined
under each
other.

We need to
eliminate
(get rid of)
a variable.
The xs will
be the
easiest. So,
we will add
the two
equations.

Solve:
by ELIMINATION
x + y = 12
-x + 3y = -8
Divide by 4
4y = 4
y=1

THEN----

Substitute
your answer
into either
original
equation and
solve for the
second
variable.

X +Y = 12
x + 1 = 12
-1
-1
x = 11
(11,1)
Answer

Now check our answers


in both equations------

X + Y =12
11 + 1 = 12
12 = 12
-x + 3y = -8
-11 + 3(1) = -8
-11 + 3 = -8
-8 = -8

Like variables
must be lined
under each
other.

We need to
eliminate
(get rid of)
a variable.
The ys be
will the
easiest.So,
we will add
the two
equations.

Solve:
by ELIMINATION
5x - 4y = -21
-2x + 4y = 18
Divide by 3
3x = -3
x = -1

THEN----

Substitute
your answer
into either
original
equation and
solve for the
second
variable.

5X - 4Y = -21
5(-1) 4y = -21
-5 4y = -21
5
5
-4y = -16
y=4

(-1, 4)
Now check our answers
in both equations-----Answer

5x - 4y = -21
5(-1) 4(4) = -21
-5 - 16 = -21
-21 = -21
-2x + 4y = 18
-2(-1) + 4(4) = 18
2 + 16 = 18

Like variables
must be lined
under each
other.

We need to
eliminate
(get rid of)
a variable.
The ys will
be the
easiest. So,
we will add
the two
equations.

Solve:
by ELIMINATION
2x + 7y = 31
5x - 7y = - 45
Divide by 7
7x = -14
x = -2

THEN----

Substitute
your answer
into either
original
equation and
solve for the
second
variable.

2X + 7Y = 31
2(-2) + 7y = 31
-4 + 7y = 31
4
4
7y = 35
y=5

(-2, 5)
Now check our answers
in both equations-----Answer

2x + 7y = 31
2(-2) + 7(5) = 31
-4 + 35 = 31
31 = 31
5x 7y = - 45
5(-2) - 7(5) = - 45
-10 - 35 = - 45
- 45 =- 45

Like variables
must be lined
under each
other.

We need to eliminate
(get rid of) a variable.
To simply add this
time will not eliminate
a variable. If one of the
xs was negative, it
would be eliminated
when we add. So we
will multiply one
equation by a 1.

Solve:
by ELIMINATION
x + y = 30
x + 7y = 6

X + Y = 30

X + Y = 30
( X + 7Y = 6 ) -1

-X 7Y = - 6
-6Y = 24

Now add the two


equations and
solve.

-6

-6

Y=-4
THEN----

Substitute
your answer
into either
original
equation and
solve for the
second
variable.

X + Y = 30
X + - 4 = 30
4
4
X = 34

(34, - 4)
Now check our answers
in both equations-----Answer

x + y = 30
34 + - 4 = 30
30 = 30
x + 7y = 6
34 + 7(- 4) = 6
34 - 28 = 6
6=6

Like variables
must be lined
under each
other.
We need to eliminate
(get rid of) a variable.
To simply add this
time will not eliminate
a variable. If there was
a 2x in the 1st
equation, the xs would
be eliminated when we
add. So we will
multiply the 1st
equation by a 2.

Solve:
by ELIMINATION
x+ y=4
2x + 3y = 9

( X + Y = 4 ) -2
2X + 3Y = 9

-2X - 2 Y = - 8
2X + 3Y = 9

Y=1

Now add the two


equations and
solve.

THEN----

Substitute
your answer
into either
original
equation and
solve for the
second
variable.

X+Y=4
X +1=4
- 1 -1
X=3

(3,1)
Now check our answers
in both equations-----Answer

x+y=4
3+1=4
4=4
2x + 3y = 9
2(3) + 3(1) = 9
6+3=9
9=9