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THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM

AND THE DARK AGES OF


EUROPE

EUROPE AND THE ISLAMIC


WORLD

Western Europe went


through the Middle or
Dark Ages while
the Islamic World
went through its
Golden Age.

ISLAM SPREADS

Islam Spread Out of the Middle


East to North Africa, Central
Asia, South Asia, Southeast
Asia, and Parts of Spain

Byzantine Empire most


affected by spread of Islam.
As Islam spread the Eastern
Roman Empire got smaller.

ISLAM SPREADS

Umayyads- Arab Muslim


Empire in the Middle East
and North Africa.

Abbasids-Muslim Empire
with Land in Europe and
Asia

Seljuk Turks-Rule much of


the Land Once Held by

IBN BATTUTA

A traveler and explorer,


whose account documents
his travels and excursions
over a period of almost
thirty years, covering
some 73,000 miles These
journeys covered almost
the entirety of the known
Islamic world and beyond,
a distance readily
surpassing that of his
predecessors and his nearcontemporary Marco Polo.

ANSWER:

What is a Golden Age?

What are the general


characteristics of a
Golden Age?

THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM

8th Century to the 13th Century

High Point of Islamic Culture

Islam Expands to 3 Continents

Bagdad, Iraq was the cultural,


religious, and trade capital of
Islamic World. One of three
great cities of the time.

THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM

Preservation of Greek,
Roman, and Hellenistic
Culture

Achievements in
medicine, science,
math, geometry,
algebra, anatomy, and
astronomy.

THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM

Trade and Cultural Diffusion

Great Cities and Urban Centers

Indian System of Numbers

Literature

Architecture

Mosaics

Calligraphy

Art

THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM

Math-Arabic Numbers, zero, algebra

Medical Science- early hospitals,


surgery, early medical encyclopedia

Chemistry

Geography- accurate maps

Musical Instruments- lute, guitar,


tambourine

Poetry

THE END OF THE ISLAMIC


GOLDEN AGE

Mongols Destroy the city of


Bagdad.

The Crusades

ANSWER

What event started the


Middle Ages in Europe?

How is Centralized Power


different from Decentralized
Power?

Why were the Middle Ages in


Europe called the Dark Ages?

DARK AGES

Time of Little Achievement in


science, math, education, art.

Chaos

War

Little trade or travel

Few cities

THE MIDDLE AGES

Middle Ages/Medieval/Dark
Ages for Europe

From the Fall of Western


Rome until the End of the
Crusades and Beginning of
the Renaissance

WHAT IS
FEUDALISM???

Feudalism is an economic
and political system based
on land, loyalty, and
protection.

Hierarchal System of
Obligations

Used in Europe and Japan

CHARACTERISTICS OF
FEUDALISM

Decentralized

Land is Important

Manor System

Obligations

Lack of Trade

No Social Mobility

Similar in Japan and Europe

HOW DID FEUDALISM WORK?

Monarch Gave
Land to
Nobles.
Nobles and
Knights
Pledged
Military
Service to the
Monarch.

OBLIGATION

Lords Grant Land in


Exchange for Military
Service!

FEUDAL HIERARCHY

Monarch

Noble

Knight

Serf/Peasant

THE MANOR

The Manor was the Lords Land.

Self-Sufficient- Everything is
There.

Little Trade of Travel

Serfs Work the Land in Exchange


for Protection from Knights and
Nobles.

THE CHURCH

During the Early Middle Ages and


During Feudal Times the Church Was
Very Powerful.

THE CHURCH

During the Middle Ages


the Church and its Leader
the Pope was the Most
Powerful Organization.

Unifying Force

Most People were Christian

CRUSADES

Islamic World and Medieval World


Collide during Crusades.

Crusades were a series of wars


between Christian Knights and
Muslim Warriors for control of
Jerusalem

The Crusades End Europes Dark


Age but also end Islams Golden
Age

ANSWER:

How did the Crusades affect both


Medieval Europe and the Islamic
World?

How is a dark age different from a


golden age?

What were 3 achievements of


Islams Golden Age?

How does Feudalism work?