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Prepared by: Elsaid Elsaid Nassef.

Email:elsaeednassef@ymail.com
Job position: Nursing Clinical Instructor
Name of Hospital:(Arab contractors medical center)

Overview
"What leadership style work best for me and
my organization?"

Defining Leadership From a very classical autocratic


approach to a very creative, participative approach.
Not everything old was bad and not everything new was good

Different styles were needed for different situations


and each leader needed to know when to exhibit a
particular approach

What is ?!

The Leadership Styles?

leadership styles

Autocratic or bureaucratic.
Diplomatic or Consultative.
Democratic
Participatory ( The TQM leadership &
management style)
Laissez-faire (Free Rein)

Autocratic or Bureaucratic:

Autocratic or Bureaucratic:
makes decisions independently, and
strictly enforces rules.
follows the organizational rules exactly
and expects every one else to do so.
Most effective in handling cash flow or
managing work in dangerous areas and
in crisis situation but not suitable for
creativity.

Autocratic Leadership Style


The classical approach
Manager retains as much power and decision
making authority as possible
Does not consult staff, nor allowed to give any
input
Staff expected to obey orders without
receiving any explanations
Structured set of rewards and punishments

Autocratic leaders:
Rely on threats and
punishment to influence staff
Do not trust staff
Do not allow for employee
input

Not all bad


Sometimes the most effective style to use
When:
New, untrained staff do not know which
tasks to perform or which procedures to
follow.
Effective supervision provided only through
detailed orders and instructions

Staff do not respond to any other


leadership style.
Limited time in which to make a
decision .e.g.(confidentiality of data)
A managers power challenged by staff.

Should not be used


When: Staff become tense, fearful, or
resentful
Staff expect their opinions heard
Staff depend on their manager to make all
their decisions.
Low staff morale, high turnover and
absenteeism and work stoppage

Diplomatic or
Consultative:

Diplomatic or
Consultative:
the leader/manager sells the
decision, he/she presents decision
to staff, and welcome their input
and questions.

Most effective when gaining the support of staff is critical


to the success or proposed changes
.e.g. Redesigning the quality improvement process as a
result of a merger.

Participatory: (The TQM


leadership/ Management
Style)

Participatory: (The TQM


leadership/ Management
Style)
leader presents a potential decision
and then makes the final decision
based on input from individual
employees or teams.

Participatory: (The TQM


leadership/ Management
Style)
May resent participatory only at level
that is considered less important e.g.
procedures but not policies.
Decision making is certainly more
delayed and may tend to compromise
certain organizational goals.

Participatory leadership is linked closely


to management by objectives(MBO)
1) short term (annual) .
2) medium range (1-4 years).
3)long term ( 5 or more years).

Democratic:

Democratic:
leader presents a problem and
asks individual employees or
teams to arrive at a solution,
although the leader usually makes
the final decision.

Democratic style works well


1. With some decisions regarding
procedures or methods.
2. When decision making deadlines are
flexible.
3. When working with effective self directed
team.
4. When employee participation is critical
for implementation of action plan.

Laissez-faire (free rein):

Laissez-faire (free rein):


The leader may be seen as a
figurehead not leader .
Can work satisfactory if individuals in
the group are self motivated ,united in
the purpose, goal oriented and
innovative.

Laissez-faire (free
rein):
the leader exerts indirect control,
allowing employees/ teams to make
decisions independently, with little
interference.
May be effective if the teams are
highly skilled and strongly motivated,
but in many cases little is accomplished
because of lack of direction.

QUESTIONS:

QUESTIONS:
MCQ 1
The leadership style that is said to
motivate employees, and that optimizes
the introduction of change, is
A. autocratic.
B. consultative.
C. participatory.
D. democratic.

QUESTIONS CONTINUED,
MCQ 2
In participative leadership the leader
A. relinquishes decision-making
responsibility to the staff.
B. retains the final decision-making
responsibility.
C. presents a final decision to the staff.
D. permits staff participation only with
noncritical issues.

QUESTIONS CONTINUED,
MCQ 3
In a crisis situation, when a manager must
make a rapid decision, the most effective
leadership style is
A. consultative.
B. participatory.
C. autocratic.
D. democratic.

QUESTIONS CONTINUED,
MCQ 4
The management techniques which are
linked closely to MBO(management by
objective) are
A. consultative.
B. participatory.
C. autocratic.
D. democratic.

Thank You !