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RANJIT COLLEGE OF

EDUCATION
TOPIC:
DIFFERENT APPROACHES AND
METHODS OF LANGUAGE LEARNING
PREPARED BY:NAME:- SHIVANI SAMBYAL
COURSE NO:- 103
CLASS:- B.ED SEM 1ST
ROLL NO:- 11650029
TEACHER INCHARGE:- MRS. SURMILA
JAMWAL

IRSHAD NAREJO

INTRODUCTION
Different approaches differ in the level of teacher and student
participation. We start describing these approaches from that approach
with the highest to the lowest level of teacher direction or from the lowest
to the highest level of student participation. On the basis of student and
teacher involvement, these methods are categorized as direct/expository
approach or guided/exploratory approach.

Basic Concepts: Approach

- ones viewpoint toward teaching or refers to what one


believes in, regarding teaching, upon which teaching behaviors are
based.

Method

- a series of related and progressive acts performed by a


teacher and students to achieve the objective of the lesson.

Two Types of Teaching Approaches


Directive

Direct
Approach

Expository Method

Deductive
Demonstrative
Inductive
Exploratory
Reflective

Indirect/
Guided
Approach

Constructivism
Exploratory Method

Problem Solving
Laboratory
Inquiry
Metacognition

When to use :
Direct Instruction/

Direct/Expository
Instruction Approach
Direct instruction is a way of teaching which is
aimed at helping students acquire some basic
skills and procedural knowledge.
It is straight forward and is done in a step-bystep manner. The emphasis is on how to
execute the steps of the entire procedure.
This may involve a simple or a complex skill
such as solving a problem by using
mathematical equations.

CHARACTERISTIC OF A DIRECT INSTRUCTION:

Teacher-directed and teacher dominated

Teaching of skill. The students gain how rather than what


(procedural knowledge). Each step must be mastered

Step by step procedure with no step missed

Lesson objectives easily observed behaviours that can be


measured accurately. The level of performance can be assess
from the number of steps performed correctly

Form of learning through imitation ( behavioral modeling)

DEDUCTIVE METHOD
Teacher-dominated

approach

It

begins with the abstract rule, generalization,


principle and ends with specific examples and
concrete details

Cover

a wider scope of subject matter

Learning

is passive process, the learners do


not take part in the generation of conclusion
or generalization

Drill

or exercises come after the explanation of


the rule or principle

INDUCTIVE METHOD
It

begins with specific details, concrete data and


examples and ends with an abstract

Learners

are more engaged in the teachinglearning process

Learning

becomes more interesting at the outset


because we begin with the experiences of our
students. Begin with what they know.

It

helps the development of our learners higher


order thinking skills. To see patterns and analyze
the same in order to arrive at generalizations
requires analytical thinking.

DEMONSTRATION METHOD
Demonstration

is a learning activity which is performed by a student, a group of 3 to 4


members or a teacher while the rest become observers.
Teacher-dominated
Teachers

show how to operate, manipulate an equipment while the class observes


Teacher should be knowledgeable in preparing the apparatus needed according to the
steps to be followed
The rest of the class becomes focused on the activity and concentration on the subject is
assured

Advantages of Demonstration Method


It

follows a systematic procedure, students will be able to learn from a well-tired procedure
since the demonstrators are selected and adjudged to be skilled
The use of expensive equipment and machines will be maximized
Possible

wastage of time, effort and resources will be avoided since the demonstration is
supposed to be well-planned in advance

THANK
YOU