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WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT

SYSTEMS (WMS)
Most firms depend upon WMS to standardize work
procedures and encourage best practice.

WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ???

Awarehouse management system(WMS) is a software


application that supports the day-to-day operations in
awarehouse.

WMSprograms enable centralizedmanagementof tasks


such as tracking inventory levels and stock locations.

One of the main uses of a WMS is to coordinate order


selection.

Two basic methods in Order selection

Order Selection

Discrete
Selection

Wave Selection
(Batch Selection)

Discrete Selection
In Discrete selection, a
specific customers order
is selected and prepared
for shipment as a specific
work assignment.
Discrete Order
selection is often used
when order content and
handling selection are
critical.

Wave Selection
A Wave can be coordinated
by an area of the
warehouse wherein all the
quantities of all products
required to complete orders
are selected at one time.
In Wave selection
employees are typically
assigned responsibility for a
specific portion of the
warehouse.
Fewer selection errors would
occur in Wave Picking

Warehouse Management
Systems

Core Functionality

Receiving
Putaway
Cycle-count
Pick
Task Management
Quality Analysis
Replenishment
Pack
Oppurtunistic Cross-dock
Inventory control
Work order management
Ship

Advanced
Functionality

Yard Management
Labor Management
Warehouse Management
Value-added services
Planned cross-dock
Returns Management

Interface systems (middleware)


ERP-TMS-Material Handling-Supply Chain Planning
Systems

Accuracy and
Audit

Inventory accuracy is typically maintained by annual physical inventory counts or


by counting specific portions of the inventory on a planned basis.

Cycle Counting is the audit of selected inventory on a cyclic schedule.

Audits related to inventory accuracy are typically used to maintain and improve
warehouse operating efficiency.

Audits are also common to

Maintain safety

Assure compliance to security regulations

Drive procedural improvement

Facilitate work changes

Security
Security in a warehouse involves protection against

Merchandise Pilferage

Deterioration

Any form of operational disruption

Damage

A number of factors can reduce a product or material to


nonsalable status. Major factors that leads to the damage of
products in the warehouse are;

Careless material handling

Employee carelessness

Incompatibility of products stored or transported


together

[Product deterioration from careless handling within the


warehouse is a form of loss that cannot be insured
against or offset with compensating revenue]

Safety and Maintenance

Accident prevention is a concern of warehouse


management.

Accidents occur when workers become careless or are


exposed to mechanical or physical hazards.

During normal operation, rubber and glass deposits on


aisles and, from time to time, broken cases will result
in product seepage into the floor.

A constant examination of work


procedures and equipment and
corrective actions should be taken
periodically.

Proper cleaning procedures should


be followed.

Obey the safety concerns made by


the agencies like OSHA.