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The website of the European Union


europa.eu
One and a half million documents available to the public

Europe Direct contact centre


Answers your questions:
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Europe Direct Information Centres


500 EU Info Points across the EU

European Union Documents


Access to internal documents
upon request

The European Ombudsman


Deals with complaints over EU administration

Emily OReilly, the EU ombudsman

Bulgaria

Romania

Croatia

Latvia

Hungary

Poland

Estonia

Lithuania

Greece

Slovakia

Portugal

Czech Republic

Slovenia

Malta

Cyprus

Spain

Italy

EU-28

France

United Kingdom

Finland

Belgium

Germany

Denmark

Sweden

Netherlands

Ireland

Austria

Luxembourg

GDP per inhabitant: the spread of wealth


2012 GDP per inhabitant

Index where the average of the 28 EU-countries is 100

How does the EU spend its money?

2014 EU budget: 142.6 billion


= 1.06% of gross national income

Global Europe:
including development aid
6%
Security and citizenship, justice
2%

Sustainable growth
natural resources:
agriculture, environment
42%

Other, administration
6%

Smart and inclusive growth:


jobs, competitiveness,
regional development
45%

The euro a single currency for Europeans

Can be used everywhere in the euro area


Coins: one side with national symbols,
one side common
Notes: no national side

EU countries using the euro


EU countries not using the euro

The EU a major trading power

% of global exports,
goods, 2012

% of global exports,
services, 2012

EU
15%

EU
25%
United States
11%

Others
55%

Others
42%

Japan
5%
China
14%

United States
18%
India
China
5%
6%

Japan
4%

The EU is the biggest provider of development aid


in the world
The EU provides over half of all development aid
110

70
60

EU

Japan

United States

Official development assistance per citizen, 2011

The EU institutions

European Council
(summit)

European Parliament

Court of
Justice

Court of
Auditors

European Investment
Bank

Council of Ministers
(The Council)

European Commission

Economic and Social


Committee

Committee of the
Regions

Agencies

European Central Bank

How EU laws are made

Citizens, interest groups, experts: discuss, consult

Commission: makes formal proposal

Parliament and Council of Ministers: decide jointly

National or local authorities: implement

Commission and Court of Justice: monitor implementation

The European elections 2014

The European Parliament voice of the people

Decides EU laws and budget together with Council of Ministers


Democratic supervision of all the EUs work
Number of members elected in each country (July 2013)
Austria

19

Estonia

Belgium

22

Finland

13

Bulgaria

18

France

74

Croatia

12

Germany

99

Cyprus

Greece

Italy

73

Portugal

22

Romania

33

12

Slovakia

13

Luxembourg

Slovenia

22

Malta

Spain

54
20

Latvia
Lithuania

Czech Republic

22

Hungary

22

Netherlands

26

Sweden

Denmark

13

Ireland

12

Poland

51

United Kingdom 72
Total

* This figure will be reduced to 751 at the 2014 elections.

766

The European political parties

Number of seats in the European Parliament


per political group
(July 2013)

Alliance of Liberals and


Democrats for Europe
85

European Peoples Party


(Christian Democrats)
275

Greens/European Free Alliance


58

Progressive Alliance of
Socialists and Democrats
196

European United
Left - Nordic Green Left
34

European Conservatives
and Reformists
55

Total : 766

Europe of Freedom
and Democracy
35
Non-attached
members 28

Civil servants working for the EU


Commission employs about 23 000 permanent civil
servants and 11 000 temporary or contract workers
Other EU institutions: about 10 000 employed
Permanent civil servants
Selected by open competitions
Come from all EU countries
Salaries decided by law
EU administration costs 15 per EU citizen per year
EU staff will be reduced by 5% between 2013-17