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We can present data in a graphical form as it is easier to see

what is going on, or to spot patterns, rather than looking at


raw numbers in a table or in a spreadsheet. Graphs are
visual images which are quick and easy to read.

Raw

data is collected and recorded in


a table.

Eye

colour
Blue Blac

Class
One

Brow Grey
n

Haze
l

Gree
n

15

A simple table is quite easy to read.


What is the most popular eye colour for this
class?

There are 5 main types


1. pictogram
2. bar chart.
3. comparative graph
4. pie chart
5. line graph

of graphs;

You

used pictograms in graphstart.


This is a simple way of representing
data with a picture.

Y axis
This
tells us
the
numbe
r of
pets.
X axis.
pets.

This tells us the type of

Can

you think what the advantages


and disadvantages of a pictogram may
be?

* Easy to read
* Quick
* All languages
numbers

* simple data
* limited topics
* suits smaller

A bar chart uses columns or blocks to show data


values. This type of chart is useful for showing
bigger numbers and for making quick comparisons.
Y axis
usually
represents
the values
tat
change.
Children
with eye
colour.

X axis represents the category


choices, the data that does not
change.

However, if you survey more classes,


there is more data to wade through.......
Blue

Black

Brow
n

Grey

Hazel

Green

Class One

15

Class Two

10

14

Class Three

18

Class Four

14

Now which is the most popular eye


colour?
It is much harder to spot the answers.

comparative graph is used to


compare sets of data. It groups
results for the same category.

A pie chart is a circle made from segments.


Each segment represents a proportion.

NOT that sort of PIE!!!!

THIS type of PIE!


The proportions of

a pie chart are


usually shown as a percentage.

This is called
a legend it
uses a colour
code to show
the
categories.

Pie

charts do not show exact values,


but percentages. They are really
useful when comparing a large
sample with a small sample.

It would be difficult, as a bar chart,


to compare class eye colour with a
top value of 30 children to a whole
school survey, where there will be
over 200 answers.

line graph is used when the value


being measured is the same. It is
similar to a bar chart, but samples
data at intervals.
Line graphs can track when
values are high or low. One
example is a weather chart,
showing the sunshine or
rainfall for the year. Each
month would be an interval
measure.
Business use line graphs to
track their sales.

Each

graph type has its own


advantages and disadvantages. You
need to think about your purpose
and audience before choosing
which style to use.
Can you remember the five
main types of graphs?