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UNIT-5 UNIT-5 HUMAN POPULATION HUMAN POPULATION AND AND THE THE ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT MAN MAN ISIS THE
UNIT-5
UNIT-5
HUMAN POPULATION
HUMAN POPULATION
AND
AND THE
THE
ENVIRONMENT
ENVIRONMENT
MAN
MAN ISIS THE
THE CHILD
CHILD OFOF
ENVIRONMENT
ENVIRONMENT
““CONTROL
CONTROL AND
AND ENHANCE
ENHANCE “
BY MONICA
HUMAN POPULATION HUMAN POPULATION AND DENSITY AND DENSITY POPULATION: POPULATION: Individual of of same species living

HUMAN POPULATION

HUMAN

POPULATION

AND DENSITY

AND

DENSITY

POPULATION:

POPULATION:

Individual

Individual ofof same

same species

species living

living inin aa

given

given area

area atat given

given time.

time.

Population

Population isis estimated

estimated using

using lincoln

lincoln index

index

POPULATION DENSITY

POPULATION

DENSITY:

Expressed asas number

population

Expressed

number ofof individuals

per unit

individuals ofof

•

population per

per unit

unit volume.

volume.

unit area

area oror per

Density

Density varies

varies inin response

response toto environment.

environment.

PARAMETERS

PARAMETERS OFOF

POPULATION

POPULATION

PARAMETERS OF OF POPULATION POPULATION RATE 1.BIRTH OR OR NATIVITY : : It It is is

1.BIRTH RATE

1.BIRTH

RATE OROR NATIVITY

NATIVITY ::

ItIt isis the

the number

number ofof birth

birth rate

rate ofof aa year

year

2.DEATH RATE

2.DEATH

RATE OROR MORTALITY

MORTALITY:

itit isis the

the number

number ofof deaths

deaths rate

rate ofof aa year.

year.

3.IMMIGRATION:

3.IMMIGRATION:

Arrival ofof individuals

Arrival

individuals from

from population.

population.

4.EMMIGRATION:

4.EMMIGRATION:

dispersal ofof individuals

dispersal

individuals from

from original

original

PARAMETERS OF OF POPULATION POPULATION RATE 1.BIRTH OR OR NATIVITY : : It It is is

population.

population.

POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH 17.69% 27.97% 15.53% 27.72% 5.04% 6.05% GERMANY INDONESIA USA CHINA USSR INDIA

POPULATION GROWTH

POPULATION

GROWTH

17.69% 27.97% 15.53% 27.72% 5.04% 6.05%
17.69%
27.97%
15.53% 27.72%
5.04%
6.05%

GERMANY

INDONESIA

USA

CHINA

POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH 17.69% 27.97% 15.53% 27.72% 5.04% 6.05% GERMANY INDONESIA USA CHINA USSR INDIA

USSR

INDIA

CAUSES OF OF POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH  The rapid population growth is is due to

CAUSES

CAUSES OFOF

POPULATION GROWTH

POPULATION

GROWTH

The

The rapid

rapid population

population growth

growth isis due

due toto decrease

decrease

inin death

The

death rate

rate && increase

increase inin birth

birth rate.

rate.

The availability

availability ofof antibiotics,

production clean

antibiotics, immunization,

immunization,

clean water

water and

and air

air

increased food

increased

food production

decreases.

decreases.

Children

Children are

are required

required toto help

help parents

parents inin fields

fields

which

which increases

increases population

population inin countries.

countries.

CAUSES OF OF POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH  The rapid population growth is is due to
CHARACTERISTICS OF OF POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH 1. Exponential growth 2. Doubling time. 3. Infant mortality

CHARACTERISTICS

CHARACTERISTICS OFOF

POPULATION GROWTH

POPULATION

GROWTH

1.

Exponential growth

2.

Doubling time.

3.

Infant mortality rate.

4.

Total fertility rates.

5.

Replacement level.

6.

male-female ratio.

7.
7.

Demographic transition.

OF OF VARIATION POPULATION AGE POPULATION AGE BASED BASED BASED ON CLASSES: Pyramid shaped variation

VARIATION OFOF

VARIATION

POPULATION AGE

POPULATION

AGE BASED

BASED

BASED ON CLASSES: Pyramid shaped variation of population (increase). Bell shaped variation of population (stable). Urn
BASED ON CLASSES:
Pyramid shaped variation of
population (increase).
Bell shaped variation of population
(stable).
Urn shaped variation of population
(decrease).
POPULATION EXPLOSION POPULATION EXPLOSION DEFINITON: The enormous increase in population due to low death rate and

POPULATION EXPLOSION

POPULATION

EXPLOSION

DEFINITON:

The enormous increase in population due to low death rate and high birth rate.

DOUBLING TIME:

population explosion is understood by doubling time

POPULATION EXPLOSION POPULATION EXPLOSION DEFINITON: The enormous increase in population due to low death rate and

number of years needed for population

to double in size.

CAUSES OF OF POPULATION EXPLOSION EXPLOSION Increase of life expectancy is another important reason for explosion.

CAUSES

CAUSES OFOF POPULATION

POPULATION

EXPLOSION

EXPLOSION

  • Increase of life expectancy is another important reason for explosion.

  • Illiteracy is one of reasons for population explosion.

EFFECTS OF EXPLOSION:

Poverty;

CAUSES OF OF POPULATION EXPLOSION EXPLOSION Increase of life expectancy is another important reason for explosion.

Leads to environmental degradation.

CAUSES OF OF POPULATION EXPLOSION EXPLOSION Increase of life expectancy is another important reason for explosion.

Unemployment and low standard .

FAMILY WELFARE

FAMILY

WELFARE

PROGRAMME

PROGRAMME

FAMILY WELFARE FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME PROGRAMME Implemented by government of India . OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY WELFARE:

Implemented by government of India .

OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY WELFARE:

  • Slowing down the population explosion by reducing the fertility.

  • pressure on the environment due to over exploitation of natural resources is reduced.

FAMILY WELFARE FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME PROGRAMME Implemented by government of India . OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY WELFARE:

FAMILY

FAMILY PLANNING

PLANNING

PROGRAMME

PROGRAMME

FAMILY FAMILY PLANNING PLANNING PROGRAMME PROGRAMME Planning varies from culture to culture . OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY

Planning varies from culture to culture. OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY PLANNING:

Reduce infant mortality rate below 30 per 1000 infants.

Constrain the spread of AIDS/HIV. • Prevent and control of communal diseases

FAMILY FAMILY PLANNING PLANNING PROGRAMME PROGRAMME Planning varies from culture to culture . OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY
FERTILITY FERTILITY CONTROL CONTROL 1. Traditional methods. includes taboos and folk medicine. 2. Modern methods .

FERTILITY

FERTILITY CONTROL

CONTROL

  • 1. Traditional methods.

includes taboos and folk medicine.

  • 2. Modern methods.

permanent method: done by surgery (a) tubectomy:female sterilization . (b) vasectomy: male sterilization.

3. temporary method:

FERTILITY FERTILITY CONTROL CONTROL 1. Traditional methods. includes taboos and folk medicine. 2. Modern methods .

(a) condoms: used by male to prevent

sperms

FAMILY PLANNING INDIA INDIA IN IN IN 1952 : India started programme. IN 1970 : Indian

FAMILY

FAMILY PLANNING

INDIA

INDIA

PLANNING ININ

IN 1952: India started programme.

IN 1970: Indian government forced on campaign.

IN 1978: Raised the minimum age of marriage for men and women(18 to 21)(15 to 18)years.

IN 1981: census report showed no

FAMILY PLANNING INDIA INDIA IN IN IN 1952 : India started programme. IN 1970 : Indian

population drop as funds increased.