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# LI

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CONTROL CHART

generate thekindividualcharts

## does NOT account for correlation

between the measurement processes

## multivariate extension of thechart that

does take the correlation into account
a multivariate method that is the
multivariate counterpart of Students t
forms the basis for certain multivariate
control charts

## the data can consist of subgroups or

individual observations.

## consists of two phases

Phase 1
Phase 2

T2 TEST STATISTIC

## SUBGROUPED DATA: PHASE 1

also known as retrospective analysis
used in testing whether the process
was in-control
primary objective is to obtain an incontrol set of observation

Control Limits:

## where p = number of quality characteristics

m= number of preliminary samples
n= sample size

## SUBGROUPED DATA: PHASE 2

Used in monitoring future prediction
decisions must be made based on
certain changes in the elements of
production

Control Limits:

## where p = number of quality characteristics

m= number of preliminary samples
n= sample size

INDIVIDUAL OBSERVATION
n=1
usually used in the field of chemical and
process industries
T2 test statistic:

INDIVIDUAL OBSERVATION
Control Limits (Phase 1):

## where p = number of quality characteristics

m= number of preliminary samples
n= 1

INDIVIDUAL OBSERVATION
Control Limits (Phase 2):if m100

## where p = number of quality characteristics

m= number of preliminary samples
n= 1

INDIVIDUAL OBSERVATION
Control

or

## where p = number of quality characteristics

m= number of preliminary samples
n= 1

EXAMPLE

## The tensile strength and diameter of a

textile fiber are two important quality
characteristics that are to be jointly
controlled. The quality engineer has
decided to use n = 10 fiber specimens in
each sample. He has taken 20 preliminary
samples, and on the basis of these data he
concludes that = 115.59 psi, = 1.06 x
(10^-2) inch, = 1.23, = 0.83, and = 0.79.
Set up the control chart.

SOLUTION

SOLUTION

SOLUTION

## Phase II control limits could be calculated

using the equation below

REFERENCES
Montgomery, D. C. (2009). Introduction to Statistical Quality
Control, Sixth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
National Institute of Standards and Technology. (2015).