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AUTOMATIC NUMBER PLATE

RECOGNITION SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION
Vehicle Registration Plates
A vehicle registration plate is a metal or a

plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle for


official identification purposes.
The license plates are placed on the front and

back of the vehicle.

Automatic Number Plate


Recognition System(ANPR)
ANPR is an image processing technology

which is used to identify vehicles by their


number plates using Optical Character
Recognition.

This technology is used in various security and

traffic applications such as access-control


system.

ANPR(contd)
Various names of this technology are:
License Plate Recognition
Car Registration System
Intelligent Transport System

Access-control
While the vehicle approaches the gate ,the
ANPR unit automatically reads the license
plate registration number, compares to a
predefined list and opens the gate if there is a
match.

ANPR EQUIPMENT
ANPR equipment incorporates all the hardware

and the software necessary to capture the


images of the vehicles and to recognize the
number plates.
ANPR system consists of:
ANPR hardware
ANPR software

ANPR HARDWARE
It comprises of:
Camera system
Computer
Frame Grabber
Trigger

Camera System
The camera system takes a snapshot of the

trespassing vehicle.
It uses an IR light spectrum and illuminator

which produces an illumination.


The illumination used is Infra-Red(IR) because

it is invisible to the driver.

Below we can see the picture of a car with

headlamps on; on the left there is a picture of


a car taken by an ordinary camera whereas on
the right there is the same car photographed
using IR filter and IR illuminator.

Computer
The computer is normally a PC running

Windows.
It runs the ANPR applications which
Controls the system
Reads the images
Analyzes and identifies the plate and
Interfaces with other applications and systems.

Frame Grabber
Frame Grabber is an interface between the

camera and the PC


It is a computer module that provides
digitalization of pictures in case analog
camera is used.
Most commonly used frame grabber is FXVD4

Trigger
Trigger is used by ANPR systems to know that
vehicle
came to the control spot so that the camera can
be
triggered.

ANPR SOFTWARE
When a vehicle approaches the camera, the

ANPR software takes a series of snapshots and


stores them in a file.
When the number plate is of sufficient size, it

is scanned, the registration number is


converted into ASCII code and held in a list.

ANPR
SOFTWARE(contd)
This process continues for a series of images

depending upon the speed and the position of


the vehicle.

Upon the completion of the process , an

accurate result is selected from the stored list.

WORKING
The ANPR process is divided into three steps:
Detection of vehicle
Capture of images
Process of recognition

The next few slides show how a typical

access-control system works

Detection Of Vehicles
The vehicle approaches the secured area and

the process starts when the vehicle steps over


a magnetic loop detector.
The loop detector senses the car and its
presence is signaled to the ANPR unit.

Capture of Images
The ANPR unit activates the illumination and

takes pictures of the front and rear plates


using ANPR camera.
The images of the vehicle is read by the ANPR
units image processing hardware or the
frame grabber.

Process of Recognition
The ANPR unit analyzes the image with

different image processing software.


The ANPR unit checks if the vehicle appears
on a predefined list of authorized cars and if
found it signals to open the gate by activating
its relay.

Process of Recognition(contd)
The authorized vehicle enters the secured

area and after passing the gate its detector


closes the gate.
The system waits for the next vehicle to
approach the secured area.

ANPR Unit

CONTROL SYSTEMS
Traffic Control
Traffic control systems use ANPR units which

provide details about the movement and flow


of vehicles around the road network.
These details can highlight the problem areas

and help to make incident management


decisions.

Electronic Toll Collection


ANPR can be used for electronic toll collection

on smart highways and roads. This process


does not require cars to stop at the toll booth
but instead uses Radio Frequency
Identification to deduct toll charges.

Electronic Toll Collection(contd)


One smart road in operation is the E-Z pass in

New York. In this system a computer reads an


electronic tag mounted inside the cars
windshield and automatically deducts the toll
from a pre-established account.

ADVANTAGES
ANPR systems make use of registration plates

that all cars already have, so there is no need


to add transmitters or special signs to vehicles
which results in saving towards the
implementation of the system.

ADVANTAGES(contd)
The photograph of the car and the driver can

be stored and retrieved if there is a need for


evidence in disputes or crime situations.

APPLICATIONS
The various applications are:
Parking
Access-control
Tolling
Border control

Parking
The plate number is used to automatically

enter pre-paid members and calculate parking


fee for non-members (by comparing the exit
and entry times).

Access-Control
A gate automatically opens for authorized
members in a
secured area, thus replacing or assisting the
security
guard. The events are logged on a database
and could be
used to search the history of events.

Tolling
The car number is used to calculate the travel
fee in a
toll-road, or used to double-check the ticket.

Border Control
This installation covers the borders of the

entire Country.

Each vehicle is registered into a central

database and linked to additional information


such as the passport data. This is used to
track all border crossings.

Security Features On Registration Plates


Electronic vehicle identification
A potential to provide an accurate vehicle

record
Means for Personal identification to be

checked in the system

Security Features On
Registration Plates(contd)
Minimize evasion of Tax and Insurance.
Unambiguously links a car with a person.

CONCLUSION
There is an immediate need of such kind of

Automatic Number Plate Recognition system


in India as there are problems of traffic,
stealing cars etc.

Government should take some interest in

developing this system as this system is very


economical and eco-friendly, if applied
effectively .

CONCLUSION(CONTD.)
It is still not being used in our country but will

be prove to be effective.

This change will help in the progress of the

nation.

THANK YOU